POME, STONE FRUITS, TREE NUTS, TROPICAL AND SUBTROPICAL TREES AND FRUITS, ETC. - ANNUAL WEEDS
Product Description: This product is a postemergent, systemic herbicide with no soil residue activity. It is generally non-selective and gives broad spectrum control of many annual weeds, perennial weeds, woody brush and trees. It is formulated as a water-soluble liquid. It can be applied through most standard industrial or field-type sprayers after dilution and thorough mixing with water or other carriers according to label instructions. Ammonium Sulfate can be used. See the “MIXING” section of the label for instructions.
Time to Symptoms: This product moves through the plant from the point of foliage contact to and into the root system. Visible effects on most annual weeds occur within 2 to 4 days, but on most perennial weeds may not occur for 7 days or more. Extremely cool or cloudy weather following treatment may slow activity of this product and delay development of visible symptoms. Visible effects are a gradual wilting and yellowing of the plant which advances to complete browning of above-ground growth and deterioration of underground plant parts.
Stage of Weeds: Annual weeds are easiest to control when they are small. Best control of most perennial weeds is obtained when treatment is made at late growth stages approaching maturity. Refer to the annual, perennial, woody brush and trees rate tables for recommendations for specific weeds.
Always use the higher rate of this product per acre within the recommended range when weed growth is heavy or dense or weeds are growing in an undisturbed (non-cultivated) area.
Do not treat weeds under poor growing conditions such as drought stress, disease or insect damage, as reduced weed control may result. Reduced results may also occur when treating weeds heavily covered with dust.
No Soil Activity: Weeds must be emerged at the time of application to be controlled by this product. Weeds germinating from seed after application will not be controlled. Unemerged plants arising from unattached underground rhizomes or root stocks of perennials will not be affected by the herbicide and will continue to grow.
Annual Maximum Use Rate: Except as otherwise specified in the crop section of the label, the combined total of all treatments must not exceed 8 quarts of this product per acre per year. For applications in noncrop sites or in tree, vine, or shrub crops, the combined total of all treatments must not exceed 10.6 quarts of this product per acre per year. The maximum use rates stated throughout this product’s labeling apply to this product combined with the use of all other herbicides containing glyphosate or sulfosate as the active ingredient, whether applied as mixtures or separately. Calculate the application rates and ensure that the total use of this and other glyphosate or sulfosate containing products does not exceed stated maximum use rate.
For Glyphosate Weed Resistance Management: Glyphosate, the active ingredient in this product, is a Group 9 herbicide. Target site resistance to Group 9 herbicides is rare. Although rare in occurrence, any weed population may contain plants naturally resistant to Group 9 herbicides. Weed species resistant to Group 9 herbicides may be effectively managed utilizing another herbicide from a different Group or using other cultural practices.
Weed resistance management recommendations for Group 9 herbicides are:
- Ensure optimum weed control by making applications at the right time (correct weed size) and utilizing the recommended label rate for the most difficult to control weed in your field.
- Base decisions on local needs and use the tool(s) necessary to obtain optimum weed control and minimize weed escapes.
- Avoid tank mixtures that reduce this product’s efficacy (through antagonism) or which encourage rates of this product below the label recommendations.
- Scout treated weed populations for escapes 2 to 4 weeks after application.
- Report any incidence of repeated nonperformance of this product on a particular weed to the local retailer or county extension agent.
NOTE: Use of this product in any manner not consistent with the label may result in injury to persons, animals or crops, or other unintended consequences. Keep container closed to prevent spills and contamination.
APPLICATION EQUIPMENT AND TECHNIQUES
Do not apply this product through any type of irrigation system. This product may be applied with the following application equipment:
Aerial – Fixed Wing and Helicopter
Ground Broadcast Spray – Boom or boomless systems, pull-type sprayer, floaters, pick-up sprayers, spray coupes and other ground broadcast equipment.
Hand-Held and High-Volume Spray Equipment – Knapsack and backpack sprayers, pump-up pressure sprayers, handguns, handwands, mistblowers*, lances and other hand-held and motorized spray equipment used to direct spray onto weed foliage.
- THIS PRODUCT IS NOT REGISTERED IN CALIFORNIA OR ARIZONA FOR USE IN MISTBLOWERS.
Selective Equipment – Recirculating sprayers, shielded and hooded sprayers, wiper applicators and sponge bars.
Injection Systems – Aerial or ground injection sprayers.
APPLY THESE SPRAY SOLUTIONS IN PROPERLY MAINTAINED AND CALIBRATED EQUIPMENT CAPABLE OF DELIVERING DESIRED VOLUMES.
DO NOT APPLY THIS PRODUCT USING AERIAL SPRAY EQUIPMENT EXCEPT UNDER CONDITIONS AS SPECIFIED WITHIN THE LABEL.
Use the specified rates of this herbicide in 3 to 15 gallons of water per acre unless otherwise specified on the label. Unless otherwise specified, do not exceed 1 quart per acre. Refer to the individual use area sections of the label for recommended volumes and application rates.
For aerial application in California and Fresno County California, refer to the “FOR AERIAL APPLICATION IN CALIFORNIA ONLY” and “FOR AERIAL APPLICATION IN FRESNO COUNTY CALIFORNIA ONLY” sections of the label for specific instructions, restrictions and requirements.
For aerial application in Arkansas, refer to the “ARKANSAS ONLY” section of the label for specific instructions, restrictions and requirements.
Avoid direct application to any body of water.
Ensure uniform application – To avoid streaked, uneven or overlapped application, use appropriate marking devices.
Thoroughly wash aircraft, especially landing gear, after each day of spraying to remove residues of this product accumulated during spraying and from spills. PROLONGED EXPOSURE OF THIS PRODUCT TO UNCOATED STEEL SURFACES MAY RESULT IN CORROSION AND POSSIBLE FAILURE OF THE PART. LANDING GEAR IS MOST SUSCEPTIBLE. The maintenance of an organic coating (paint), which meets aerospace specification MIL-C-38413, may prevent corrosion.
FOR AERIAL APPLICATION IN CALIFORNIA ONLY
Directions for Use
The label must be in the possession of the user at the time of the herbicide application.
See “GENERAL INFORMATION” and ‘MIXING” sections of the label for essential product performance information.
See the appropriate section of the label for specific recommendations on the use of this product in individual crops.
EXTREME CARE MUST BE EXERCISED TO AVOID CONTACT OF SPRAY WITH FOLIAGE, GREEN STEMS, OR FRUIT OF DESIRABLE CROPS, PLANTS, TREES, OR OTHER DESIRABLE VEGETATION SINCE SEVERE DAMAGE OR DESTRUCTION MAY RESULT.
Aerial applications of this product are allowed in the following situations:
1. In fallow and reduced tillage systems prior to the emergence or transplanting of labeled crops.
2. In alfalfa and pasture renovation applications
3. Over-the-top applications in Roundup Ready corn and cotton
4. Preharvest in alfalfa, corn, cotton, wheat, Roundup Ready corn, and Roundup Ready cotton.
Do not plant subsequent crops other than those listed in this product label for 30 days following application.
When tank mixing this product with 2,4-D for aerial applications, only 2,4-D amine formulations may be used. This tank mixture may be used for fallow and reduced tillage systems and alfalfa and pasture renovation applications only.
When applied as recommended, under the conditions described, this product controls annual and perennial weeds listed in the label.
DO NOT EXCEED A MAXIMUM RATE OF 2 QUARTS PER ACRE OF THIS PRODUCT WHEN MAKING APPLICATIONS BY AIR IN COTTON AND ROUNDUP READY COTTON PRIOR TO HARVEST, IN FALLOW AND REDUCED TILLAGE SYSTEMS, AND ALFALFA AND PASTURE RENOVATION APPLICATIONS.
DO NOT EXCEED A MAXIMUM RATE OF 1 QUART PER ACRE OF THIS PRODUCT WHEN MAKING APPLICATIONS BY AIR IN ALFALFA, CORN, WHEAT, AND ROUNDUP READY CORN PRIOR TO HARVEST. THIS RESTRICTION ALSO APPLIES TO OVER-THE-TOP APPLICATIONS IN ROUNDUP READY CORN AND COTTON.
FOR AERIAL APPLICATION IN FRESNO COUNTY, CALIFORNIA ONLY
From February 15 through March 31 Only
Directions For Use
The label should be in the possession of the user at the time of the herbicide application.
EXTREME CARE MUST BE EXERCISED TO AVOID CONTACT OF THE SPRAY WITH FOLIAGE, GREEN STEMS, EXPOSED NON-WOODY ROOTS OR FRUIT OF DESIRABLE CROPS, PLANTS, TREES OR OTHER DESIRABLE VEGETATION, SINCE SEVERE DAMAGE OR DESTRUCTION MAY RESULT.
See “GENERAL INFORMATION” and “MIXING” sections of the label for essential product information.
The area contained inside the following boundaries within Fresno County, California.
North: Fresno County line
South: Fresno County line
East: State Highway 99
West: Fresno County line
Always read and follow the label direction and precautionary statements for all products used in the aerial application.
Observe the following directions to minimize off-site movement during aerial application of this product. Minimization of off-site movement is the responsibility of the grower, Pest Control Advisor and aerial applicator.
Note: For aerial application from April 1 through February 14, refer to the “FOR AERIAL APPLICATION IN CALIFORNIA ONLY” section of the label.
AVOID DRIFT. DO NOT APPLY INTO STILL AIR WHERE THERE IS A TEMPERATURE INVERSION LAYER LOW ENOUGH FOR FINE SPRAY PARTICLES TO BECOME SUSPENDED AND MOVE OUTSIDE THE TARGET AREA WHEN THE INVERSION LAYER MOVES. DO NOT APPLY WHEN WINDS ARE GUSTY OR UNDER ANY OTHER CONDITION THAT FAVORS DRIFT. DRIFT IS LIKELY TO CAUSE DAMAGE TO ANY VEGETATION CONTACTED. TO PREVENT INJURY TO ADJACENT DESIRABLE VEGETATION, APPROPRIATE BUFFER ZONES MUST BE MAINTAINED.
Use the recommended rate of this product in 3 to 15 gallons of water per acre. Use sufficient carrier volume and appropriate equipment set-up to form droplets large enough to avoid drift potential. Coarse droplets in the 300 to 500 (VMD) micron range are recommended.
Applications should typically be made with the nozzle release point at 8 to 15 feet above the top of the target plants unless a greater height is required for aircraft safety. The distance of the outermost nozzles on the boom must not exceed 75% of the length of the wingspan or rotor. In many cases reducing this distance to 65% of the length of the wingspan or rotor will improve drift control without affecting the swath width.
Nozzles must always discharge backward parallel with the airstream and never discharge downwards more than 45 degrees on fixed wing aircraft or forward of the prevailing airflow on rotary winged aircraft. Avoid the use of nozzles with wide-angle discharge.
Do not apply this product when wind speeds are in excess of 10 miles per hour. Do not apply when there is a low-level inversion where fine spray particles could be suspended in still air and move outside the target area when the inversion layer moves. These conditions may occur when wind speeds are less than 2 mph.
Use the following guidelines when applications are made near crops or other desirable vegetation:
1. Do not apply within 100 feet of any desirable vegetation or crops.
2. If wind up to 5 miles per hour is blowing toward desirable vegetation or crops, do not apply within 500 feet upwind of the desirable vegetation or crops.
3. Winds blowing from 5 to 10 miles per hour toward desirable vegetation or crops will likely require buffer zones in excess of 500 feet.
ARKANSAS, LOUISIANA, MISSISSIPPI, MISSOURI, AND TENNESSEE ONLY
This product controls annual and perennial weeds listed on the label prior to planting or emergence of corn, cotton, rice, sorghum and soybeans; prior to the harvest of cotton and soybeans; and following the harvest of any crop in the fall via aerial applications in these locations.
Aerial applications of this product may be made in fallow systems and conventional, reduced and zero tillage systems. For applications via aerial equipment, use the specified rates of this product in 3 to 10 gallons of water per acre. Do not exceed a rate of 3 quarts per acre.
The likelihood of injury occurring from the use of this product is greatest when winds are gusty or in excess of 5 miles per hour or when other conditions, including lesser velocities, will allow spray drift to occur.
GROUND BROADCAST EQUIPMENT
Use the specified rates of this product in 3 to 40 gallons of water per acre as a broadcast spray unless otherwise specified. As density of weeds increases, spray volume should be increased within the recommended range to ensure complete coverage. Carefully select proper nozzles to avoid spraying a fine mist. For best results with ground application equipment, use flat fan nozzles. Check for even distribution of spray droplets.
HAND-HELD AND HIGH-VOLUME EQUIPMENT
Apply to foliage of vegetation to be controlled. For applications made on a spray-to-wet basis, spray coverage should be uniform and complete. Do not spray to the point of runoff. Use coarse sprays only.
For specified rates and timing, refer to the “Annual Weeds – Hand-Held or High-Volume Equipment” section of this product label.
This product may be applied through recirculating spray systems, shielded applicators, hooded sprayers, wiper applicators or sponge bars, after dilution and thorough mixing with water, to listed weeds growing in any noncrop site specified on the label.
In cropping systems, hooded sprayers, shielded sprayers, and wipers may be used in row middles (in between rows of crop plants) where any dripping or leaking will not contact crop foliage. Such equipment must be capable of preventing all crop contact with herbicide solutions and operated without leakage of spray mists or dripping onto crop. Wipers over-the-top of crops may be used only when specifically recommended in this product’s labeling.
AVOID CONTACT OF HERBICIDE WITH DESIRABLE VEGETATION.
This product may be used in aerial or ground injection spray systems. It may be used as a liquid concentrate or diluted prior to injecting into the spray stream. Do not mix this product with the concentrate of other products when using injection systems.
TREE, VINE AND SHRUB CROPS
General Use Instructions:
This product may be applied in middles, strips or for general weed control in established citrus groves, tree fruit and tree nut groves, orchards, berries and vineyards. It may also be used for site preparation prior to planting or transplanting of these crops. Apply 1 pint to 5 quarts per acre according to the “ANNUAL WEEDS RATE TABLE” and “PERENNIAL WEEDS RATE TABLE” sections of the label. Utilize rates at the higher end of the recommended rate range when weeds are stressed, growing in dense populations or are greater than 12 inches tall. Repeat applications may be made up to a maximum of 10.6 quarts per acre per year.
The maximum use rates stated throughout this products labeling apply to this product combined with the use of all other herbicides containing glyphosate or sulfosate as the active ingredient, whether applied as mixtures or separately. Calculate the application rates and ensure that the total use of this and other glyphosate or sulfosate containing products does not exceed stated maximum use rate.
General Precautions, Restrictions:
Extreme care must be exercised to avoid contact of herbicide solution, spray, drift or mist with foliage or green bark of trunk, branches, suckers, fruit or other parts of trees, canes and vines. Avoid applications when recent pruning wounds or other mechanical injury has occurred. Contact of this product with other than matured brown bark can result in serious crop damage or destruction. Only shielded or directed sprayers may be used in crops with potential for crop contact, and then only where there is sufficient clearance. For applications in strips (within rows of trees), only selective equipment (directed sprays, hooded sprayers, shielded applicators, or wipers) should be used to minimize the potential for leakage or drift of herbicide sprays onto crops. For berry crops, hooded or shielded sprayers must be fully enclosed including top, sides, front and back. Only wiper or shielded applicators capable of preventing all contact with crop may be used. See “APPLICATION EQUIPMENT AND TECHNIQUES” section of the label for additional directions and precautions.
Allow a minimum of 3 days between application and transplanting.
Precautions, restrictions: Allow a minimum of 1 day between last application and harvest in pome crops.
Precautions, restrictions: Allow a minimum of 17 days between last application and harvest in stone fruit crops. For olive groves, apply as directed sprays only.
Restrictions on Application Equipment
For cherries, any application equipment listed in this section may be used in all states.
Any application equipment listed in this section may be used in apricots, nectarines, peaches and plums/prunes growing in Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Kansas, Kentucky, New Jersey, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Oregon, Texas, Utah and Washington, except for peaches grown in the states specified in the following paragraph. In all other states use wiper equipment only.
For peaches grown in Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina and Tennessee only, apply with a shielded boom sprayer or shielded wiper applicator, which prevents any contact of this product with the foliage or bark of trees. Apply no later than 90 days after first bloom. Applications made after this time may result in severe damage. Remove suckers and low-hanging limbs at least 10 days prior to application. Avoid applications near trees with recent pruning wounds or other mechanical injury. Apply only near trees that have been planted in the orchard for 2 or more years. EXTREME CARE MUST BE TAKEN TO ENSURE NO PART OF THE PEACH TREE IS CONTACTED.
Precautions, restrictions: Allow a minimum of 3 days between last application and harvest of tree nuts, except coconuts. Allow 14 days between application and harvest in coconut.
TROPICAL AND SUBTROPICAL TREES AND FRUIT
Precautions, restrictions: Allow a minimum of 1 day between last application and harvest in banana, guava, papaya and plaintain crops. Allow a minimum of 14 days between last application and harvest for any tropical or subtropical tree fruit. Allow a minimum of 28 days between last application and harvest in coffee crops. In coffee and banana, delay applications 3 months after transplanting to allow the new coffee or banana plant to become established.
Applications should not be made when green shoots, canes or foliage are in the spray zone.
In the Northeast and Great Lakes regions, applications must be made prior to the end of bloom stage of grapes to avoid injury, or make applications with shielded sprayers or wiper equipment.
Precautions, restrictions: Allow a minimum of 14 days between last application and harvest in vine crops. Do not use selective equipment in kiwi.
WATER CARRIER VOLUMES OF 3 TO 10 GALLONS PER ACRE FOR GROUND APPLICATIONS AND 3 TO 5 GALLONS PER ACRE FOR AERIAL APPICATIONS ARE RECOMMENDED.
Apply to actively growing annual weeds. Annual weeds are generally easiest to control when they are small.
Older, mature (hardened) annual weed species may require higher rates even if they meet the size requirements.
Do not tank mix with soil residual herbicides when using these rates unless otherwise specified.
For weeds that have been mowed, grazed or cut, allow regrowth to occur prior to treatment.
This product may be used up to 48 fluid ounces per acre where heavy weed densities exist.
- For control of downy brome in no-till systems, use 24 fluid ounces per acre.
- Brome, downy; Cheat; Rye, volunteer / cereal; Wheat: Performance is better if application is made before this weed reaches the boot stage of growth.
- Buckwheat, wild: Use 24 fluid ounces per acre of this product to control wild buckwheat in the cotyledon to 2-leaf stage. Use 32 fluid ounces per acre to control 2- to 4-leaf wild buckwheat. For improved control of wild buckwheat over 2 inches in size, use sequential treatments of 32 fluid ounces followed by 32 fluid ounces of this product per acre.
- Do not treat kochia in the button stage.
- Control of Russian thistle may vary based on environmental conditions and spray coverage. Whenever possible, a tank mixture with 2,4-D as described below may improve control.
- For control of glyphosate resistant horseweed / marestail in cotton, corn and soybeans refer to “CONTROL AND MANAGEMENT OF GLYPHOSATE RESISTANT HORSEWEED (MARESTAIL, Conyza Canadensis) IN CORN, COTTON AN SOYBEANS” section.