BERMUDAGRASS - BROADCAST TREATMENT

General Information

Product Description

Q4 Plus Turf Herbicide for Grassy & Broadleaf Weeds contains 4 active ingredients that broaden the spectrum of weed control. Q4 Plus Turf Herbicide for Grassy & Broadleaf Weeds is a versatile herbicide that will control many troublesome grassy and broadleaf weeds in established turfgrass when used as directed.
- Versatile post-emergent herbicide for turfgrass to control both grassy and broadleaf weeds.
- Q4 Plus Turf Herbicide for Grassy & Broadleaf Weeds is absorbed by foliage and roots and translocated throughout the plant where it uses multiple modes of action to control both grassy and broadleaf weeds. One mode of action involves an auxin-type herbicidal activity which disrupts plant growth in broadleaf weeds, while another mode of action works as an enzyme/cell wall disruptor to control crabgrass and other grassy weeds.
- The effects on grassy weeds include stunting, gradual reddening, yellowing and followed by tissue death. Symptoms typically appear 7 to 14 days after application.
- Q4 Plus Turf Herbicide for Grassy & Broadleaf Weeds provides post emergent weed control for common weed species in turfgrass such as spurge. Foliar contact of Q4 Plus Turf Herbicide for Grassy & Broadleaf Weeds on emerged, susceptible weeds results in rapid dessication and plant tissue death.
- Wide window of application for broadleaf weeds beginning at emergence and active weed growth.
- The symptoms of susceptible broadleaf weeds include leaf and stem curl or twisting, and tissue death.

Where To Use

This product provides broadleaf control in warm-season and cool-season turfgrass in 5 use sites. See tables 2 and 3 for turfgrass species that can be treated with Q4 Plus Turf Herbicide for Grassy & Broadleaf Weeds.

- Residential/domestic sites are defined as areas associated with the household or home life including, but not limited to apartment complexes, condominiums, and patient care areas of nursing homes, mental institutions, hospitals, or convalescent homes.

- Ornamental sites include turfgrass established around residences, parks, streets, retail outlets, cemeteries, industrial and institutional buildings, recreation areas, fairgrounds, areas adjacent to athletic fields and paved areas.

- Institutional sites are defined as turf areas around properties or facilities providing a service to public or private organizations including, but not limited to hospitals, nursing homes, schools, museums, libraries, sport facilities, golf courses (fairways and roughs), and office buildings.

- Non-cropland sites include Highway rights-of-way (principal, interstate, county, private, and unpaved roads); roadsides, roadside ditches, road shoulders, road embankments, dividers and medians; municipal, state and federal lands; airports and military installations.

- Agricultural site: Commercial sod production

Prohibitions of Sites:

- Do not apply to any body of water such as lakes, streams, rivers, ponds, reservoirs, or estuaries (salt water bays). Do not apply to any shorelines (non-cropland sites adjacent to the edges of a body of water) for lakes, streams, rivers, ponds, reservoirs, or estuaries (salt water bays).
- Do not apply to wetlands (swamps, bogs, potholes, or marshes).
- Do not apply to agricultural irrigation water or on agricultural irrigation ditchbanks and canals.
- Do not apply to agricultural drainage water or on agricultural ditchbanks.
- DO NOT apply Q4 Plus Turf Herbicide for Grassy & Broadleaf Weeds to the following:
Bahiagrass
Bentgrass
Carpetgrass
Centipedegrass
Dichondra
St. Augustinegrass
Greens and collars at golf courses
Lawns with desirable clovers or legumes
Ornamentals (flowers, trees, groundcovers, landscape beds and shrubs)

Turfgrass tolerance:

- Turfgrass tolerance to this product may vary and temporary turfgrass yellowing may occur on fine fescues, Bermudagrass, and zoysiagrass (see specific Bermudagrass and zoysiagrass sections). Apply only to fine fescue when it is part of a mixed stand of cool-season turf/cool-season blends.
- Tolerant turf species listed on the label may exhibit temporary turf injury. The best tolerance occurs under optimal conditions for the turfgrass.
- Adverse environmental conditions may reduce the selectivity on the turfgrass. Injury may occur under marginal conditions (e.g. low temperatures and drought stress) or under extreme conditions (e.g. high temperatures and high humidity). To avoid turf injury, use only on turfgrass that is reasonably free of stress from diseases, insects, excess heat or cold, drought or excess rainfall/irrigation, shaded areas, low soil pH, nematodes, improper mowing or improper applications of fertilizer and pesticides. Under any of these stress conditions, any turf damage caused by the use of this product is beyond the control of PBI/Gordon Corporation and all risk is assumed by the buyer and/or user.
- Certain spray tank additives (adjuvants, wetting agents, surfactants), liquid fertilizers, and tank mixtures containing emulsifiable concentrates may reduce the selectivity on the turfgrass. Use adjuvants and spray additives or tank-mix combinations only when your experience indicates that the tank mixture will not result in objectionable turf injury.
- Do not broadcast apply this product when temperatures are above 90°F; some injury can also be expected with spot treatments when air temperatures exceed 90°F.

Cultural Tips

For newly seeded areas:
Delay application of this product to grass seedlings until after the second or third mowing, or 28 days after emergence.

For newly sodded, sprigged, or plugged areas:
The application of this product to newly sodded, sprigged, or plugged grasses should be delayed until 3 to 4 weeks after the sodding, sprigging, or plugging operations.

Seeding:
Turf species on the label can be seeded into the treated areas 7 days after the application with the exception of Kentucky bluegrass. Kentucky bluegrass can be seeded 14 days after application unless slight growth regulation can be tolerated.

Irrigation:
Do not apply this product immediately before rainfall or irrigation. For best results, do not irrigate or water the turfgrass within 24 hours after application. If dry conditions exist, a scheduled irrigation or watering 24 hours before and 24 hours after application is recommended. If rainfall does not occur in 2 to 7 days after application, irrigation of at least one-half inch is recommended.

Mowing:
Delay mowing 2 days before and until 2 days after the application of this product. Additional stress from low mowing heights may increase the possibility of turf injury. Clippings from the first three mowings should be left on the treated area. Do not use these clippings as mulch or compost around flowers, ornamentals, trees, or in vegetable gardens.

Post Emergent Control of Grassy Weeds

Q4 Plus Turf Herbicide for Grassy & Broadleaf Weeds can provide post emergent control and suppression of the grassy weeds listed in Table 1. Apply to weeds during the growth stages as shown in Table 1. Applications under adequate soil moisture conditions are preferred.

Early summer treatments are generally more effective. Applications in the summer (approximately July 15 to August 15) to older, drought stressed grassy weeds are less effective. Late summer applications (after August 15) to mature crabgrass can be very effective. Weed control is affected by the spray volume, timing and the weed growth stages (see Tables 1, 2, and 3).

Post Emergent Control of Broadleaf Weeds

Apply this product to broadleaf weeds that are young and actively growing for the best results. Spring and fall treatments under adequate soil moisture conditions are preferred to the summer treatments. Generally, summer broadcast applications to older, drought stressed weeds are less effective. Fall applications provide improved control for emerged winter annuals and perennials such as henbit, chickweed, clover and ground ivy.

Applications

The maximum number of broadcast applications is limited to 2 per year. Spot treatments during the spring and summer are suitable for sparse infestations or as a follow-up treatment to a broadcast application on an “as-needed” basis. Second or follow-up applications as either broadcast or spot treatments should be made after the initial application on ornamental turfgrass and are recommended for more mature weeds, for dense infestations and for adverse environmental conditions. Other situations that may need two broadcast or follow-up treatments include the following:

- Under certain conditions, applications of this product at the 3 to 4 tiller stage of the annual grasses may not provide complete control.
- All weed grasses do not germinate at the same time. The period of germination for crabgrass and annual grasses can extend into the summer after the initial application of this product and results may be poor and erratic.
- Dense infestations of weeds may prevent thorough spray coverage of the target weeds.
- Biotypes of large and smooth crabgrass in California have shown varied response to quinclorac. If control failure occurs following a second application, do not reapply this product. Change to a herbicide with a different mode of action. Extremes in environmental conditions, ie. temperature and moisture, soil conditions, and cultural practices may affect the activity of this product. Under warm moist conditions, herbicide symptoms may be accelerated. Under dry conditions, the expression of herbicide symptoms is generally delayed, and weeds hardened off by drought may be less susceptible to this product. If objectionable turf injury occurs with the first application,then avoid making the second application of this product until the turfgrass recovery is complete.
Do not broadcast apply this product when temperatures are above 90°F temporary turfgrass discoloration can also be expected with spot treatments when air temperatures exceed 90°F.

State Restrictions:

Arizona: Do not use this product on sod farms in Arizona.
California: Make broadcast applications only between March 1 and September 1. If troublesome weeds appear during other times of the year, a spot application can be made. While irrigation is necessary and important for plant growth, apply irrigation water efficiently so that no more than 125% of the net irrigation requirement is applied for any irrigation event. Apply efficient irrigations for six months following application of sulfentrazone containing products. Do not apply product to bare ground.
New York: For use in New York State by spot treatment only. Spray individual weeds only. Adjust the sprayer to coarse spray to minimize wind drift. Apply to center of the weed and spray lightly to cover. Not for sale, distribution, or use in Nassau or Suffolk Counties in New York State.

Limitations, Restrictions, and Exceptions

BERMUDAGRASS (COMMON AND HYBRID)

Spray Volume For Conventional Spray Equipment: Use 50 to 220 gal./A (1.2 to 5.0 gal./1000 sq. ft.).

For Low Volume Spray Equipment (such as PermaGreen Equipment and backpack sprayers):

Equipment should be calibrated to apply at least 20 gallons per acre (0.45 gallons/1,000 sq. ft.). Use this lower spray volume (0.45 gallons/1,000 sq. ft.) only when your experience indicates that this volume provides effective weed coverage, adequate weed control, acceptable turf safety/tolerance, and will not result in objectionable turf injury.

- Apply only when Bermudagrass is actively growing.

- Expect temporary discoloration.

- Some Bermudagrass hybrids are moderately tolerant to this product and may be more susceptible to discoloration.

- For Bermudagrass hybrids, use lower rates until tolerance to injury can be determined.

- It is impossible to test all environmental conditions and all Bermudagrass hybrids. We suggest testing this product on a small area and observe the treated area for 30 days (during normal growing conditions) to determine the acceptability of turf discoloration.

- Some stunting of the Bermudagrass should be expected and turf generally recovers in 7 to 21 days.

- Do not apply in the fall during fall-to-winter transition period.

- Do not apply in the spring during winter-to-spring transition period.

- To avoid turf injury, use only on Bermudagrass that is not under stress from diseases, insects, excess heat or cold, drought or excess rainfall/irrigation, shaded areas, low soil pH, nematodes, improper mowing or improper applications of fertilizer and pesticides.

- For optimum results:

- Irrigate 24 hours before and 24 hours after application with 1/2 inch of water.

- The addition of nitrogen fertilizer or chelated iron (such as FeRROMEC Plus MICROS) may reduce some turf discoloration.

- Spray in the morning hours and avoid application during extreme hot or dry conditions.

- Equipment calibration is essential and avoid spray overlaps.

- Do not use higher pressure equipment, spray pressure should be 40 psi or lower.

Restricted Entry Interval

48 hours