Insect control may be reduced at low spray volumes under high temperature and wind conditions.
Some reduction in insect control may occur under unusually cool conditions.
Flood irrigation: To avoid contamination of irrigation tail waters, do not flood irrigate within 24 hours following a soil surface or foliar application of Warhawk.
Insecticide Resistance Management (IRM)
Warhawk contains a Group 1B insecticide. Insect/mite biotypes with acquired resistance to Group 1B may eventually dominate the insect/mite population if Group 1B insecticides are used repeatedly in the same field or in successive years as the primary method of control for targeted species. This may result in partial or total loss of control of those species by Warhawk or other Group 1B insecticides.
To delay development of insecticide resistance, the following practices are recommended:
- Avoid consecutive use of insecticides with the same mode of action (same insecticide group) on the same insect species.
- Use tank mixtures or premix products containing insecticides with different modes of action (different insecticide groups) provided the products are registered for the intended use.
- Base insecticide use on comprehensive Integrated Pest Management (IPM) programs.
- Monitor treated insect populations in the field for loss of effectiveness.
- Contact your local extension specialist, certified crop advisor, and/or manufacturer for insecticide resistance management and/or IPM recommendations for the specific site and resistant pest problems.
Broadcast Foliar Application
Apply with conventional power-operated spray equipment using nozzles and spray pressures specified for insecticides. Apply Warhawk in a spray volume of not less than 2 gallons per acre for aerial application equipment (fixed wing or helicopter) or not less than 10 gallons per acre for ground equipment, unless otherwise specified. Increase spray volume to ensure adequate coverage with increased density and height of crop canopy. See Spray Drift Precautions section for specifications on droplet size.
Ground Application: Orient the boom and nozzles so that uniform coverage is obtained. The swath width should not be wider than the boom. Follow nozzle manufacturer's recommendations for insecticide nozzles with respect to nozzle type, pressure, and spacing.
Broadcast Soil Application
Apply with conventional power-operated spray equipment that will apply the product uniformly to the soil surface. Use nozzles that produce medium or coarse droplets (235-400 microns). Unless otherwise indicated, a spray volume of 10 gallons or more per acre is recommended. For band application, use proportionally less spray volume.
Use a minimum spray volume of 2 gallons per acre and follow recommendations for best management practices for aerial application, above.
Marking of swaths by flagging, permanent markers or use of GPS equipment is recommended.
- Apply as a preplant broadcast spray to reduce the feeding damage caused by listed pests. Apply 24 to 48 hours before bedding and transplanting using a spray volume of 10 gpa or more. Incorporate immediately after application to a depth of 2 to 4 inches using suitable incorporation equipment. The application of Warhawk will also suppress the movement of imported fire ants into treated fields.
- Before broadcast application of Warhawk onto existing beds, knock down beds to final shape for transplanting. Use of PTO-driven implements that will incorporate Warhawk to a depth of 4 inches is recommended.
- To control the above listed pests and suppress populations of rootknot nematodes in all tobacco growing regions, use Warhawk in a tank mix with Nemacur 3 at the rate of 2 quarts of Warhawk plus 4 quarts of Nemacur 3 nematicide per acre. Read and carefully follow all applicable directions, restrictions, and precautions on labeling for Nemacur 3 used in combination with Warhawk. Apply the specified rate(s) to the soil surface in a spray volume of 10 gpa or more 24 to 48 hours before bedding and transplanting. Immediately following application, incorporate into the soil to a depth of at least 4 inches using suitable equipment. Where the nematode species Meloidogyne arenaria or M. javanica are present or high populations of M. incognita, apply Telone II soil fumigant at the recommended label rate.
Specific Use Restrictions:
- Do not make more than 1 application of Warhawk or other product containing chlorpyrifos per season.
- Maximum single application rate is 2 lb ai chlorpyrifos per acre.
- Fire ants: Suppression.