UNDER ASPHALT AND CONCRETE PAVEMENT

General Information

GENERAL INFORMATION

Bromacil/Diuron 40/40 is a selective herbicide for use in citrus and in noncrop areas. Bromacil/Diuron 40/40 controls many annual weeds at lower rates and perennial weeds at the highest rates allowed by the label.

As this product must be absorbed through the root system of weeds, best results are obtained if treatment is made just before or after weeds have germinated to moist soil and moisture is supplied by rainfall or sprinkler irrigation within two weeks of application. Weed control symptoms are slow to appear and may not become apparent until the chemical has been carried into the root zone of the weeds by moisture. The degree and duration of control will vary with the amount of herbicide applied, rainfall, soil texture, and other soil and water management practices.

USE PRECAUTIONS AND RESTRICTIONS

To avoid injury to or loss of desirable trees or other plants, observe the following use guidelines:

- Do not apply this product using any type of irrigation system.

- Aerial application is prohibited for all uses except for rights of way.

- Except as instructed, do not apply or drain or flush equipment on or near desirable trees or other plants, or on areas where their roots may extend, or in locations where the chemical may be washed or moved into contact with their roots.

- Do not use in any recreational areas or in or around homes, in home fruit plantings, on lawns, walks, tennis courts, driveways, or other similar areas.

- Do not use in citrus orchards interplanted to other trees or desirable plants.

- Do not allow dry powder or spray to drift to desirable plants.

- Keep from contact with seeds, insecticides, fungicides, and fertilizers.

- Do not store near well sites.

- Do not graze cattle in treated areas.

- Thoroughly clean all traces of Bromacil/Diuron 40/40 from application equipment immediately after use. Flush tank, pump, hoses, and boom with several changes of water after removing nozzle tips and screens (clean these parts separately).

- Treated areas may be planted to citrus one year after last application.

Do not replant to other crops within two years after last application as injury may result.

APPLICATION INFORMATION

IMPORTANT NOTE: Bromacil/Diuron 40/40 use rates listed on the label are for broadcast treatments. For band treatments, use proportionately less.

Follow the application guidelines below:

- Apply using a properly calibrated fixed-boom power sprayer.

- Because over application of the herbicide may result in injury to the crop or successive crops, the spray booms must be shut off while starting, turning, slowing or stopping.

- Use sufficient spray volume, a minimum of 10 gallons per acre, to provide uniform coverage of the treated areas and to allow proper dispersion and suspension of the product in the spray tank.

- Prior to and during application, continuous agitation is necessary to keep the product in suspension. Agitate spray tank contents by mechanical or hydraulic means; do not use air agitation. Note: If a by-pass or return line is used, it should terminate at the bottom of the tank to minimize foaming.

- Nozzle screens should be 50 mesh or larger.

- Best results are obtained if Bromacil/Diuron 40/40 is applied to bare ground. If dense populations of hard-to-kill weed species are present, control of these weeds prior to application of Bromacil/Diuron 40/40 is recommended. If weeds are present at the time of application, tank mixtures with foliar active herbicides are recommended (refer to the Tank Mixture Specific Guidelines section of the label for guidelines on using Bromacil/Diuron 40/40 in a tank mixture).

WEED RESISTANCE TO HERBICIDES

Weeds may become resistant to any herbicide if an herbicide is used in the same field repeatedly over several years. If weed control is unsatisfactory, it may be necessary to retreat the problem area using a product with a different mode of action.

The following suggestions will assist in managing herbicide resistance:

- It may be necessary to change cropping practices within and between crop seasons. For example, using a combination of tillage, retreatment, tank-mixtures and/or sequential herbicide applications that have different modes of action.

- Preventing weeds from going to seed (by mowing, tilling, etc.) will prevent the spread of resistant plants.

- Consult your agricultural dealer, consultant, applicator, and/or appropriate state agricultural extension service representative for specific alternative cultural practices or herbicide recommendations available in your area.

INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT

This product may be used as part of an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) program such as biological, cultural, and genetic practices aimed at preventing economic pest damage. IPM principles and practices include field scouting or other detection methods, correct target pest identification, population monitoring, and treating when target pest populations reach locally determined action thresholds. Consult your state cooperative extension service, professional consultants or other qualified authorities to determine appropriate action treatment threshold levels for treating specific pest/crop systems in your area.

SPRAY DRIFT

Use best practices to avoid drift to all other crops and non-target areas.

Do not apply when conditions favor drift from target areas. The interaction of many equipment- and weather-related factors determine the potential for spray drift. Avoiding spray drift at the application site is the responsibility of the applicator. The applicator must follow the most restrictive precautions to avoid drift, including those found in the labeling as well as applicable state and local regulations and ordinances. A drift control agent may reduce drift, however, it may also decrease weed control.

Make aerial or ground applications only when the wind speed is less than or equal to 10 miles per hour. Do not make aerial or ground applications into temperature inversions. Apply with medium or coarser spray (according to ASAE standard 572) for standard nozzles.

For ground applications: When applying to crops, apply with nozzle height no more than 2 feet above the ground or crop canopy. When applying to non-crop areas, use the lowest nozzle height consistent with safety and efficacy. Direct spray into target vegetation.

For aerial applications (rights-of-way only): The spray boom should be mounted on the aircraft so as to minimize drift caused by wing tip vortices.

The boom length must not exceed 75% of the wingspan or 90% of rotor blade diameter. Use upwind swath displacement. When applying to rights of way, apply at a minimum safe altitude above the area being treated.

Do not apply by air if sensitive non-target crops are within 100 feet of the application site.

WEEDS CONTROLLED

Note: Partial control of perennials usually occurs with a single treatment; repeat applications are required to control perennials. Control of perennials may be improved by cultivation prior to treatment; otherwise, avoid working the soil as long as weed control continues otherwise effectiveness of the treatment may be reduced. Multiple applications may improve control of hard-to-kill weeds.

Refer in the label regarding tank mix information.

Limitations, Restrictions, and Exceptions

SPECIAL USES

UNDER ASPHALT AND CONCRETE PAVEMENT

Important Precautions when Applying Under Asphalt

- Do not use Bromacil/Diuron 40/40 under pavement in residential properties such as driveways, or in recreational areas, including jogging or bike paths, tennis courts, or golf cart paths.

- Desirable plants may be injured if their roots extend into treated areas or if planted in treated areas.

Application Information

Bromacil/Diuron 40/40 may be used to control weeds under asphalt and concrete pavement such as that used in parking lots, highway shoulders, median strips, roadways and other industrial sites.

Bromacil/Diuron 40/40 should only be used in an area that has been prepared according to good construction practices. Use sufficient water to ensure uniform coverage, generally 100 gallons per acre. Agitate the tank continuously to keep Bromacil/Diuron 40/40 in suspension.

Application Timing

Bromacil/Diuron 40/40 should be applied immediately before paving to avoid lateral movement of the herbicide as a result of soil movement due to rainfall or mechanical means.

Application Rates

Use a higher rate on hard to control weeds and/or for longer term weed control.

Restricted Entry Interval

12 hours