TREE NUTS: ALMOND, BEECH NUT, BRAZIL NUT, ETC. - BLACK MARGINED APHID, ETC.

General Information

DIRECTIONS FOR USE

RESTRICTIONS

The following application methods are prohibited: hand, spoon, shaker can, backpack spreaders (front and back mounted), power backpack sprayers, tree injection, and ALL handheld foggers.

PREHARVEST AND GRAZING RESTRICTIONS
For all listed crops and uses, do not apply at greater rates or at more frequent intervals than stated on the label. If forage is grazed or used as feed for dairy and meat animals, follow all use restrictions in order to avoid illegal residues in crops, meat or milk.

Do not use reclaimed irrigation water from crops treated with carbaryl on crops for which carbaryl tolerances are not established.

PLANT RESPONSE
Application to wet foliage or during periods of high humidity may cause injury to tender foliage.

Do not use on Boston ivy, Virginia creeper and maidenhair fern as injury may result. Carbaryl may also injure Virginia and sand pines.

The use of adjuvants may increase the potential for crop injury to sensitive crops.

Carefully observe label instructions for apple thinning to avoid excessive thinning.

APPLICATION INFORMATION AND RESTRICTIONS
Sevin SL Carbaryl Insecticide is a suspension of microfine Sevin SL Carbaryl Insecticide in an aqueous medium. It readily disperses in water to form a spray which may be applied with a variety of application equipment. Do not apply by hand or using spoon, belly grinder, power backpack sprayer, tree injection, or power handheld fogger.

On all crops use sufficient gallonage to obtain thorough and uniform coverage. Observe crop label instructions for specific directions regarding spray volume where they occur. Calibrate spray equipment to deliver the required volume. If you should have questions about calibration, you should contact State Extension Service specialists, equipment manufacturers or other experts.

NOTE: When treatment with Sevin SL Carbaryl Insecticide has been completed, further irrigation over the treated area should be avoided for 24 to 48 hours to prevent washing the chemical off the crop.

APPLICATION PROCEDURES
Calibrate and adjust application equipment to insure proper rate and accurate placement. To clean spray system after use, drain and flush with a water and detergent mixture. Rinse thoroughly with clean water. Refer to the Storage and Disposal section for disposal instructions.

NOTE: Staining may occur on certain surfaces such as stucco, brick, cinder block, wood, fabrics, and carpet. Spray deposits on painted or stained surfaces or finishes (i.e., cars, houses, trailers, boats, etc.) should be immediately removed by washing to prevent discoloration. Avoid applications to surfaces where visible spray residues are objectionable. Staining of fabrics and carpet may be permanent. (NOTE: for outdoor use only)

MIXING, LOADING AND HANDLING INSTRUCTIONS
TO ASSURE A UNIFORM SUSPENSION, AGITATE, STIR OR RECIRCULATE ALL CONTAINERS OF THIS PRODUCT PRIOR TO USE. Remove oil, rust, scale, pesticide residues and other foreign matter from mix tanks and entire spray system. Flush with clean water. Fill spray or mix tank with 1/2 to 3/4 the desired amount of water. Start mechanical or hydraulic agitation. Slowly add the required amount of Sevin SL Carbaryl Insecticide, and then the remaining volume of water. Include rinse water from container. Prepare only as much spray mixture as can be applied on the day of mixing. MAINTAIN CONTINUOUS AGITATION DURING MIXING AND APPLICATION TO ASSURE A UNIFORM SUSPENSION. DO NOT STORE SPRAY MIXTURE FOR PROLONGED PERIODS OR DEGRADATION OF CARBARYL MAY OCCUR. Local water conditions may also accelerate the degradation of spray mixtures containing carbaryl. See COMPATIBILITY STATEMENT below.

COMPATIBILITY INFORMATION
Sevin SL Carbaryl Insecticide, when diluted with at least an equal volume of water is compatible with a wide range of pesticides. It is not compatible with diesel fuel, kerosene, fuel oil or aromatic solvents. If compatibility with another product and the resulting crop response is unknown, the mixture should be tested on a small scale. Curdling, precipitation, greasing, layer formation or increased viscosity are symptoms of incompatibility. Incompatibility will reduce product performance and may cause application and handling difficulties or plant injury. Observe all cautions and limitations on labeling of all products used in mixtures. WHEN PREPARING COMBINATION SPRAYS, FIRST ADD SEVIN SL CARBARYL INSECTICIDE TO AT LEAST AN EQUAL VOLUME OF WATER, MIX THOROUGHLY, AND THEN ADD COMBINATION PRODUCTS TO THE MIXTURE. DO NOT APPLY TANK MIX COMBINATIONS UNLESS YOUR PREVIOUS EXPERIENCE INDICATES THE MIXTURE IS EFFECTIVE AND WILL NOT RESULT IN APPLICATION PROBLEMS OR PLANT INJURY.

Carbaryl is unstable under highly alkaline conditions and mixtures with strong bases, such as Bordeaux, lime-sulfur and casein-lime spreaders, will result in chemical degradation of the insecticide. Do not use this product in water with pH values above 8.0 unless a buffer is added. If necessary, water should be buffered to neutral (pH = 7.0) before adding this product to the spray tank. Overhead irrigation with alkaline or muddy water after application will also accelerate chemical degradation and may result in reduced product performance.

RESISTANT SPECIES NOTICE
All references to armyworm on the crops listed below refer to the species, Pseudaletia unipuncta, often called the "true armyworm". Except where indicated otherwise, this product is not registered for other armyworm species. Regional differences have been noted in the susceptibility of certain strains of fall armyworm, diamondback moth, Colorado potato beetle, Southern green stink bug, and spotted tentiform leafminer to carbaryl. If local experience indicates inadequate product performance, use an alternative pesticide.

APPLICATIONS THROUGH SPRINKLER IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
Apply this product only through sprinkler irrigation systems including center pivot and solid set. Do not apply this product through any other type of irrigation system.

Maintain continuous agitation in mix tank during mixing and application to assure a uniform suspension.

Greater accuracy in calibration and distribution will be achieved by injecting a larger volume of a more dilute solution per unit time.

The system must contain a functional check valve, vacuum relief valve, and low-pressure drain appropriately located on the irrigation pipeline to prevent water source contamination from backflow. The pesticide injection pipeline must contain a functional, automatic, quick-closing check valve to prevent the flow of fluid back toward the injection pump. The pesticide injection pipeline must also contain a functional, normally closed solenoid-operated valve located on the intake side of the injection pump and connected to the system interlock to prevent fluid from being withdrawn from the supply tank when the irrigation system is either automatically or manually shutdown. The system must contain functional interlocking controls to automatically shut off the pesticide injection pump when the water pump motor stops. The irrigation line or water pump must include a functional pressure switch that will stop the water pump motor when the water pressure decreases to the point where pesticide distribution is adversely affected. Systems must use a metering pump, such as a positive displacement injection pump (e.g., diaphragm pump) effectively designed and constructed of materials that are compatible with pesticides and capable of being fitted with a system interlock. Do not apply when wind speed favors drift beyond the area intended for treatment.

Do not apply when wind speed favors drift, when system connection or fittings leak, when nozzles do not provide uniform distribution or when lines containing the product must be dismantled and drained.

Crop injury, lack of effectiveness, or illegal pesticide residues in the crop may result from nonuniform distribution of treated water. Allow sufficient time for pesticide to be flushed through all lines and all nozzles before turning off irrigation water. A person knowledgeable of the chemigation system and responsible for its operation shall shut the system down and make necessary adjustments should the need arise.

Using Water from Public Water Systems
Public water system means a system for the provision to the public of piped water for human consumption if such system has at least 15 service connections or regularly serves an average of at least 25 individuals daily at least 60 days out of the year. Chemigation systems connected to public water systems must contain a functional, reduced-pressure zone (RPZ), back flow preventer or the functional equivalent in the water supply line upstream from the point of pesticide introduction. As an option to the RPZ, the water from the public water system should be discharged into a reservoir tank prior to pesticide introduction. There shall be a complete physical break (air gap) between the flow outlet end of the fill pipe and the top or overflow rim of the reservoir tank of at least twice the inside diameter of the fill pipe.

Do not connect an irrigation system (including greenhouse systems) used for pesticide application to a public water system unless the labelprescribed safety devices for public water supplies are in place. All chemigation systems connected to public water systems must also follow restrictions listed in the “Chemigation Instructions” section.

Additional Operating Instructions for Chemigation
1. Once the application is completed, thoroughly flush the entire irrigation and injection system with clean water before stopping the system.
To ensure the lines are flushed and free of pesticides, a dye indicator may be injected into the lines to mark the end of the application period.
2. Check with the State lead agency and with local regulatory agencies for specific chemigation requirements and for potential use restrictions before applying any agricultural chemical through an irrigation system.
3. Refer to the American Society of Agricultural Engineer's Engineering Practice 409 for more information about backflow safety devices.
4. Wear the personal protective equipment as prescribed in the PPE section of this label for applicators and other handlers when making adjustments or repairs on the chemigation (irrigation and injection) system when Sevin SL is in the irrigation water or when pesticide residue or sediment is present.
5. Check with the State lead agency and with local regulatory agencies for specific chemigation requirements and for potential use restrictions before applying any agricultural chemical through an irrigation system.

USE SITES:
Begin application when insect populations reach recognized economic threshold levels. Consult the Cooperative Extension Service, Consultants, or other qualified authorities to determine appropriate threshold levels for treatment and specific use information in your area. Where a dosage range is indicated, use the lower rate on light to moderate infestations, young plants and early instars and use the higher rate on heavy infestations, mature plants, advanced instars and adults. Thorough and uniform spray coverage is essential for effective product performance.

Limitations, Restrictions, and Exceptions

TREE NUTS

OBSERVE BEE CAUTION
- Repeat applications as necessary up to a total of 4 times per crop (including any applications at the dormant or delayed dormant timing) but not more often than once every 7 days.
- Use lower rates for pests attacking leaves. Use higher rates for pests attacking fruit and for higher infestations.
- For scale, apply when crawlers are present.
- For peach twig borer, best results with foliar applications have been found by making applications in "popcorn" or petal fall stages when the May brood begins to hatch.
- For navel orangeworm in almonds and walnuts, best results have been found by timing early and midseason applications to correspond with moth flight peaks.
- For filbert leafroller, best results have been found by making applications when eggs are hatching, repeating application on first appearance of moths and again 3 to 4 weeks later.
- For codling moth in walnuts, best results have been found by making applications when average cross-sectional diameters of developing nuts are 0.5 to 0.75 inches and again during middle or late June as needed.

RESTRICTIONS: TREE NUTS
- Do not apply within 14 days of harvest.
- Do not apply more than a total of 15 quarts per acre or 11 1/4 fluid ounces per 1,000 sq ft per crop per year (15 pounds active ingredient per crop per year), including any application at the dormant or delayed dormant timing.

BEE CAUTION: Do not apply this product to target crops or weeds in bloom. If weed or cover crop bloom is present, mow the orchard floor or between rows prior to applying this product. Not for use on trees intended for resale of produce or other commercial use. Not for use on trees covering areas greater than 1,000 ft2.

Method
Pre-Harvest Interval

14 days

Restricted Entry Interval

12 hours