This product is for use on the following:
Soybeans, Cotton, Ornamentals, Sugar Beets, Onions (dry bulbs and green), Garlic, Shallots (dry bulbs and green), Alfalfa, Peanuts, Dry Yam (and other Tuberous and Corm Vegetables), Tomatoes, Peppers (bell and non-bell), Eggplant (and other Fruiting Vegetables), Carrot, Radish, Garden Beet, Horseradish (and other Root Vegetables), Leaf Lettuce, Broccoli, Cabbage, Cauliflower (and other Head and Stem Brassica Vegetables), Mustard Greens (and other Leafy Brassica Greens), Spinach, Celery, Rhubarb (and other Leaf Petioles), Cranberry, Strawberry, Squash (including Pumpkins), Cucumber, Melons (including Cantaloupes and Watermelons), Mint, Clover (grown in Idaho, Oregon and Washington only), Conifer Trees, Non-bearing Food Crops, Fallow Land (and other non-producing agricultural areas), and Non-crop or Non-planted areas.
Other tuber and corm vegetables approved for use with this product include: arracacha, arrowroot, Chinese artichoke, Jerusalem artichoke, edible burdock, edible canna, bitter and sweet cassava, chayote (root), chufa, dasheen (taro), ginger, leren, tanier, turmeric and bean yam.
Other root vegetables approved for use with this product include the following: burdock, edible; celeriac; chervil, turnip-rooted; chicory; ginseng; parsley, turnip-rooted; parsnip; radish, oriental; rutabaga; salsify; salsify, black; salsify, Spanish; skirret and kohlrabi.
Other approved head and stem Brassica vegetables approved include: Chinese broccoli; Brussels sprouts; Chinese (napa) cabbage; Chinese mustard; cavalo broccolo ;and kohlrabi.
Other leafy Brassica greens approved for use with this product include: broccoli raab, cabbage, Chinese (bok choy); collards; kale, mizuna, mustard greens; mustard spinach; rape greens and turnip greens.
Other leaf petiole crops include: cardoon, Chinese celery, celtuce, Florence fennel, and swiss chard.
This product is a selective postemergence herbicide for control of annual and perennial grasses. CLETHODIM 2EC does not control sedges or broadleaf weeds and is not recommended for use on vegetable crops being grown for seed production unless specific instructions are included in the labeling.
Repeated use of CLETHODIM 2EC (or similar postemergence grass herbicides with the same mode of action) may lead to the selection of naturally occurring biotypes that are resistant to these products in some grass species. Biotypes are naturally occurring individuals of a species that are identical in appearance but have slightly different genetic compositions; the mode of action of a herbicide is the chemical interaction that interrupts a biological process necessary for plant growth and development.
If poor performance occurs and cannot be attributed to adverse weather or application conditions, a resistant biotype may be present. Where other control strategies, such as crop rotation, mechanical removal, and other classes of herbicides are not used in fields from year to year, this is most likely to occur.
Contact of this product with desirable grass crops, such as corn, rice, sorghum, small grains, or turf should be avoided as these and other grass crops will be injured or killed. Minor leaf spotting can occur on treated plants under certain environmental conditions. New foliage is not affected.
SYMPTOMS OF CONTROL
The treated grass weeds show a reduction in vigor and growth. Early chlorosis/necrosis of younger plant tissue is followed by a progressive collapse of the remaining foliage. Depending on grass species treated and environmental conditions, symptoms will generally be observed in 7 to 14 days after application.
Make application of CLETHODIM 2EC postemergence to actively growing grasses according to the rate table recommendations. Do not make application to grass plants stressed by insufficient moisture or hot or cold temperature. Applications to grass plants exceeding recommended growth stages could result in unsatisfactory control. Do not make applications when this occurs.
When irrigation is used to supplement limited rainfall in arid regions, CLETHODIM 2EC should be applied as soon as possible, after an irrigation (within 7 days). A second application of this product will generally provide more effective control of perennial grass weed than a single application in arid regions. Apply a second application to actively growing grass 2 to 3 weeks after emergence of new growth.
Cultivation of treated grasses 7 days prior to or within 7 days after application of this product could reduce weed control. DO NOT APPLY if rainfall is expected within one hour as control may be reduced.
ADJUVANT OR CROP OIL CONCENTRATE RECOMMENDATIONS
Soybeans, Alfalfa, Dry Bean, Cotton, Peanut, Sugar Beet, Sunflower, Potato: Always use a crop oil concentrate at 1.0 qt/A by ground or 1% v/v, but not less than 1 pt/A, in the finished spray volume by air. 1-to-2 qts/A liquid fertilizer (10-34-0, 28% N or 32% N) or an equivalent amount of spray grade ammonium sulfate (AMS) (2.5 to 4.0 lbs/A) can be added to CLETHODIM 2EC applications in addition to the recommended rate of crop oil concentrate. The addition of AMS has shown improved grass control for difficult to control species including: quackgrass, red rice, rhizome Johnsongrass, volunteer cereals, volunteer corn and wild oats.
Crop oil concentrates that are acceptable would be those that contain a minimum of 80% oil and 15% emulsifier. A crop oil concentrate must contain either a petroleum or vegetable oil base and must meet all the following criteria: (a) be non phytotoxic, contain only EPA exempt ingredients, provide good mixing quality and be successful in local experience. Highly refined vegetable oils have proven more satisfactory than unrefined vegetable oils.
Onions (dry bulbs and green), Garlic Shallots (dry bulbs and green), Carrot, Radish, Garden Beet, Horseradish (and other Root Vegetables), Leaf Lettuce, Broccoli, Cabbage, Cauliflower (and other Head and Stem Brassica Vegetables), Mustard Green (and other Leafy Brassica Greens), Spinach, Celery, Rhubarb (and other Leaf Petioles), Cranberry, Sweet Potatoes, Yams (and other tuberous and corm vegetables), Canola, Flax, Mustard Seed, Tomatoes, Peppers (bells and non-bell), Eggplants (and other fruiting vegetables), Strawberry, Squash (including Pumpkins), Cucumber, Melons (including Cantaloupes and Watermelons), Mint and Clover: Unless tank mix instructions indicate otherwise, always use a crop oil concentrate at 1% v/v in the finished spray volume. The addition of a liquid fertilizer is not recommended for these crops.
Ornamental Plants and Non-Bearing Food Crops: Add a nonionic surfactant containing at least 80% active ingredient at the rate of 1 pint per 50 gallons (0.25% v/v). The use of a crop oil concentrate is not recommended as it could injure flowers and foliage.
Conifer Trees, Fallow Land (and other non-producing agricultural areas), Non-Crop or Non-Planted Areas: Always use a crop oil concentrate containing at least 15% emulsifier at 1% v/v, but not less than 1 pt/A, in the finished spray volume.
To ensure complete coverage, it is essential to use sufficient spray volumes and pressure. Use a minimum of 5 gals. and a maximum of 40 gallons of spray solution per acre. A minimum of 10 gallons per acre is required under the following conditions: ultra narrow row cotton, narrow row soybeans, broadleaf herbicide tank mixes, perennial grasses, volunteer corn, drought or stress conditions, heavy grass pressure or when grasses are at or near maximum height. Failure to use a minimum of 10 gallons per acre under these conditions can result in poor coverage and reduced grass control requiring repeat application. Spray pressures should reflect a minimum of 30 psi and a maximum of 60 psi at the nozzle. Do not use flood nozzles.
A minimum application of 20 gallons of spray solution per acre should be made to onions (dry bulbs and green), garlic and shallots (dry bulbs and green).
Use a minimum of 3 gallons of spray solution per acre unless otherwise directed in the label. If grass or crop foliage becomes dense, increase spray volumes up to 10 gallon.
For onions (dry bulbs and green), garlic or shallots (dry bulbs and green): Do not exceed 8 fl oz/A in a single application when applying by air. In California when applying by air to onions, garlic or shallots application should be made in a minimum of 20 gals spray solution per acre.
NOTE: Crop injury can occur when this product is applied to onions, garlic or shallots with aerial equipment.
Mix 1/4% to 1/2% (0.33 oz to 0.65 oz per gal) product when using hand sprayers or high volume sprayers utilizing hand guns. While not allowing runoff of spray solution, apply to wet vegetation. For uses requiring crop oil concentrate, include crop oil concentrate at 1% (1.3 oz per gal) by volume. For uses requiring nonionic surfactant, include nonionic surfactant at 1/4% (0.33 oz per gal) by volume.
NOTE: If CLETHODIM 2EC is applied as a spot treatment, care should be taken to not exceed the maximum rate allowed on a “per acre” basis or crop injury could occur.
RESTRICTIONS AND LIMITATIONS
Tank mixes of CLETHODIM 2EC and broadleaf herbicides may result in reduced grass control. If grass regrowth occurs, an additional application of this product may be necessary.
Always read and follow label directions of all products. Always follow the most restrictive label language for all products whether used alone or in a tank mix. The most restrictive label language of any product used applies in tank mixtures, including all crop rotational and other crop restrictions.
Do not apply if rain is expected within 1 hour of application, as control may be unsatisfactory.
Do not apply a postemergence broadleaf herbicide within one day following application of CLETHODIM 2EC or reduced grass control may result.
Do not apply under conditions of stress. Applying CLETHODIM 2EC under conditions that do not promote active grass growth will reduce herbicide effectiveness. These conditions include, drought, excessive water, low humidity and extremes in temperature, and grasses either partially controlled or stunted from prior pesticide applications. Grasses under these kinds of stressful conditions will not absorb and translocate CLETHODIM 2EC effectively, and will be less susceptible to herbicide activity.
Do not apply more than 8 fl oz/A of CLETHODIM 2EC per application to the following crops: garden beets, carrots, radish (and other root vegetables), green onions, leaf lettuce, broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower (and other head and stem Brassica vegetables), celery, rhubarb (and other leaf petioles), cranberry, cucurbits, fruiting vegetables (except tomatoes), non-bearing food crops, flax and strawberry. Do not apply more than 6 fl oz/A of this product per application to canola or mustard seed. Exceeding these recommendations could result in unacceptable crop injury.
This product is not recommended for use on vegetable crops being grown for seed production unless specific use directions are provided.
Do not apply more than 16 fl oz of CLETHODIM 2EC (0.25 lb/a.i.) per acre per season for canola, clover, flax, mustard seed and radish crops. Do not apply more than 32 fl oz of CLETHODIM 2EC (0.50 lb/a.i.) per acre per season for all other crops. Application on Long Island, New York is restricted to no more than 16 fl oz of CLETHODIM 2EC (0.25 lb/a.i.) per acre per season.
While all the vegetable crops on the label have been tested and are tolerant to CLETHODIM 2EC, not all specialty varieties of these crops have been tested. Before applying CLETHODIM 2EC to specialty varieties of vegetable crops on the label, it is advised that crop tolerance be investigated first using a small section of the field. It is possible that injury symptoms can occur. Symptoms may appear as leaf speckling or stunting.
Optimal perennial grass control can be obtained if rhizomes or stolons are cut up by preplant tillage practices (disking, plowing, etc.) to stimulate maximum emergence of grass shoots. Cultural practices, such as continuous no-tillage in which the perennial grass rhizomes or stolons are not cut up, result in a very staggered, non-uniform weed emergence. No fewer than two (2) CLETHODIM 2EC applications per season per year are recommended at the appropriate weed-growth stage rate under continuous no-till conditions, due to this non-uniform weed emergence.
Grass crops such as corn, rice, sorghum, small grains, or turf, etc. are highly sensitive to CLETHODIM 2EC.
See label for the tank mix information/directions.
CROP OIL CONCENTRATE RATE: 1 qt. / acre by ground or 1% v/v, but not less than 1 pt/A, by air.
SPECIAL USE INSTRUCTIONS
Adding AMS has shown improved grass control for difficult to control species including: quackgrass, red rice, rhizome Johnsongrass, volunteer cereals, volunteer corn and wild oats.
CLETHODIM 2EC is not recommended for use on vegetable crops being grown for seed production unless specific use directions are provided.
Acceptable crop oil concentrates would be those that contain a minimum of 80% oils and 15% emulsifier. The crop oil concentration must contain either a petroleum or vegetable oil base and meet all the following criteria: a) contain only EPA-exempt ingredients, b) be non-phytotoxic, c) provide good mixing quality and d) be successful in local experience. Highly refined vegetable oils have proven more satisfactory than unrefined vegetable oil. For further information see the “Addition of Adjuvant and Crop Oil Concentrate” section.
By Air: In addition to the recommended rate of crop oil concentrate, 1 to 2 qts/A of liquid fertilizer (10-34-0, 28% N or 32% N), or an equivalent amount (2.5 to 4.0 lbs/A) of spray grade ammonium sulfate (AMS) may be added to the CLETHODIM 2EC application.