PASTURE/RANGELAND - BRUSH CONTROL

General Information

PRODUCT INFORMATION

VELPAR L herbicide is a water-dispersible liquid that is mixed in water and applied as a spray for weed control in certain crops, Christmas trees, forestry site preparation and release areas, and industrial areas. It may also be applied undiluted as a basal soil treatment for brush control in reforestation areas, rangeland, pastures and noncrop areas, or by stem injection for brush control.

VELPAR L is an effective general herbicide providing both contact and residual control of many annual, biennial and perennial weeds and woody plants.

VELPAR L is noncorrosive to equipment.

Care must be exercised when applying VELPAR L near desirable trees or shrubs as they can absorb VELPAR L through roots extending into treated areas.

This product may be applied on agricultural and nonagricultural sites that contain areas of temporary surface water caused by collection of water between planting beds, in equipment ruts, or in other depressions created by management activities. It is permissible to treat intermittent drainage, intermittently flooded low lying sites, seasonally dry flood plains and transitional areas between upland and lowland sites when no water is present. It is also permissible to treat marshes, swamps and bogs after water has receded, as well as seasonally dry flood deltas. DO NOT make applications to natural or man-made bodies of water such as lakes, reservoirs, ponds, streams and canals.

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS AND BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITY

VELPAR L is absorbed through the roots and foliage.

Moisture is required to activate VELPAR L in the soil.

Best results are obtained when the soil is moist at the time of application and 1/4–1/2 inches of rainfall occurs within 2 weeks after application.

For best results, apply VELPAR L preemergence or postemergence when weeds are less than 2 inches in height or diameter. Foliar activity is most effective under conditions of high temperature (above 80 °F), high humidity, and good soil moisture. Foliar activity may be reduced when vegetation is dormant, semi-dormant, or under stress.

On herbaceous plants, symptoms usually appear within 2 weeks after application under warm, humid conditions, while 4–6 weeks may be required when weather is cool or dry, or when plants are under stress. If rainfall after application is inadequate to activate VELPAR L in the soil, plants may recover from contact effects and continue to grow.

On woody plants, symptoms usually appear within 3–6 weeks after sufficient rainfall has carried the herbicide into the root zone during periods of active growth. Defoliation and refoliation may occur, but susceptible plants are killed.

The degree and duration of control may depend on the following:

- Use rate

- Weed spectrum and size at application

- Environmental conditions at and following treatment

Where a rate range is shown, use the higher levels of the dosage range on hard-to-control species, fine-textured soils, or soils containing greater than 5% organic matter or carbon. Use the lower levels of the dosage range on coarse-textured soils and/or on soils low in organic matter. Refer to specific uses for rate ranges.

APPLICATION INFORMATION

VELPAR L may be applied by ground equipment and, where permitted, aerial equipment. Use rates, minimum spray gallonage, and other application information are described for the various uses.

Dispose of the equipment washwater by applying it to a use site listed on the label or in accordance with directions given in the “Storage and Disposal” section of the label.

Before spraying, calibrate equipment to determine the quantity of water necessary to uniformly and thoroughly cover the vegetation and soil in a measured area to be treated.

INVASIVE SPECIES MANAGEMENT

This product may be considered for use on public, private, and tribal lands to treat certain weed species infestations that have been determined to be invasive, consistent with the Federal Interagency Committee for the Management of Noxious and Exotic Weeds (FICMNEW) National Early Detection and Rapid Response (EDRR) System for invasive plants. Effective EDRR systems address invasions by eradicating the invader where possible, and controlling them when the invasive species is too established to be feasibly eradicated. Once an EDRR assessment has been completed and action is advised, a Rapid Response needs to be taken to quickly contain, deny reproduction, and if possible eliminate the invader. Consult your appropriate state extension service, forest service, or regional multidisciplinary invasive species management coordination team to determine the appropriate Rapid Response provisions and allowed treatments in your area.

RESISTANCE

When herbicides that affect the same biological site of action are used repeatedly over several years to control the same weed species in the same field, naturally-occurring resistant biotypes may survive a correctly applied herbicide treatment, propagate, and become dominant in that field.

Adequate control of these resistant weed biotypes cannot be expected. If weed control is unsatisfactory, it may be necessary to retreat the problem area using a product affecting a different site of action.

To better manage herbicide resistance through delaying the proliferation and possible dominance of herbicide resistant weed biotypes, it may be necessary to change cultural practices within and between crop seasons such as using a combination of tillage, retreatment, tank-mix partners and/or sequential herbicide applications that have a different site of action. Weed escapes that are allowed to go to seed will promote the spread of resistant biotypes.

It is advisable to keep accurate records of pesticides applied to individual fields to help obtain information on the spread and dispersal of resistant biotypes. Consult your agricultural dealer, consultant, applicator, and/or appropriate state agricultural extension service representative for specific alternative cultural practices or herbicide instructions available in your area.

INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT

This product may be used as part of an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) program that can include biological, cultural, and genetic practices aimed at preventing economic pest damage. IPM principles and practices include field scouting or other detection methods, correct target pest identification, population monitoring, and treating when target pest populations reach locally determined action thresholds. Consult your state cooperative extension service, professional consultants or other qualified authorities to determine appropriate action treatment threshold levels for treating specific pest/crop systems in your area.

Refer to the label for tank mix information.

Limitations, Restrictions, and Exceptions

PASTURE / RANGELAND

BRUSH CONTROL

VELPAR L is recommended for the control of undesirable brush in pasture or rangeland.

APPLICATION INFORMATION

Apply VELPAR L from late winter through summer, pre-budbreak until new growth hardens off.

In areas where the soil remains frozen during the winter and spring rains are usually inadequate for soil activation, a fall or winter treatment may be applied before the soil freezes. For rates needed to control the species below, see the Forestry - Release, Use Rates section.

BRUSH CONTROLLED

VELPAR L is recommended for the control or suppression of the following brush species in pasture and rangeland.

Chinaberry, Dogwood, flowering, Sassafras: Suppression – a visible reduction in plant population and/or plant vigor as compared to an untreated area and generally not accepted as control.

SPRAY EQUIPMENT AND APPLICATION TECHNIQUES

Basal (Soil) Undiluted - Apply VELPAR L undiluted with an exact-delivery handgun applicator. This equipment delivers a thin stream of a predetermined volume when triggered. Apply VELPAR L at the rate of 2-4 ml for each inch of stem diameter at breast height. Do not exceed 1/3 gallon of VELPAR L per acre per year. Direct the treatment to the soil within 3 inches of the root collar of woody plants to be controlled. When treating large stems and when more than one delivery of VELPAR L is needed per stem, make applications on opposite sides of the stem.

USE PRECAUTIONS

PASTURE / RANGELAND

- Injury to or loss of desirable trees or other plants may result if VELPAR L is applied or if equipment is drained or flushed on or near desirable trees or other plants, on areas where their roots may extend, or in locations where the chemical may be washed or moved into contact with their roots.

- Poor weed and brush control may result from the following:

- Use on poorly drained sites

- Applications made when the soil is saturated with water and rain is imminent within 24 hours

- Applications to soils high in organic matter (greater than 5%)

- Following mechanical cutting or clearing, allow stumps and injured trees sufficient time to adequately resprout before applying VELPAR L.

- Do not use VELPAR L on frozen soils.

- Weed and brush control results depend on sufficient moisture to activate VELPAR L.

- When VELPAR L is applied as a basal soil treatment, there is no restriction on grazing by domestic animals nor on cutting surrounding vegetation for forage or hay.

- For broadcast pasture applications of VELPAR L, do not cut treated vegetation for forage or hay nor graze domestic animals on treated areas for 60 days.

Restricted Entry Interval

48 hours