YELLOW POPLAR PLANTINGS - FIRST YEAR PLANTINGS - SILTY CLAY LOAM, ETC.
VELPAR L herbicide is a water-dispersible liquid that is mixed in water and applied as a spray for weed control in certain crops, Christmas trees, forestry site preparation and release areas, and industrial areas. It may also be applied undiluted as a basal soil treatment for brush control in reforestation areas, rangeland, pastures and noncrop areas, or by stem injection for brush control.
VELPAR L is an effective general herbicide providing both contact and residual control of many annual, biennial and perennial weeds and woody plants.
VELPAR L is noncorrosive to equipment.
Care must be exercised when applying VELPAR L near desirable trees or shrubs as they can absorb VELPAR L through roots extending into treated areas.
This product may be applied on agricultural and nonagricultural sites that contain areas of temporary surface water caused by collection of water between planting beds, in equipment ruts, or in other depressions created by management activities. It is permissible to treat intermittent drainage, intermittently flooded low lying sites, seasonally dry flood plains and transitional areas between upland and lowland sites when no water is present. It is also permissible to treat marshes, swamps and bogs after water has receded, as well as seasonally dry flood deltas. DO NOT make applications to natural or man-made bodies of water such as lakes, reservoirs, ponds, streams and canals.
ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS AND BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITY
VELPAR L is absorbed through the roots and foliage.
Moisture is required to activate VELPAR L in the soil.
Best results are obtained when the soil is moist at the time of application and 1/4–1/2 inches of rainfall occurs within 2 weeks after application.
For best results, apply VELPAR L preemergence or postemergence when weeds are less than 2 inches in height or diameter. Foliar activity is most effective under conditions of high temperature (above 80 °F), high humidity, and good soil moisture. Foliar activity may be reduced when vegetation is dormant, semi-dormant, or under stress.
On herbaceous plants, symptoms usually appear within 2 weeks after application under warm, humid conditions, while 4–6 weeks may be required when weather is cool or dry, or when plants are under stress. If rainfall after application is inadequate to activate VELPAR L in the soil, plants may recover from contact effects and continue to grow.
On woody plants, symptoms usually appear within 3–6 weeks after sufficient rainfall has carried the herbicide into the root zone during periods of active growth. Defoliation and refoliation may occur, but susceptible plants are killed.
The degree and duration of control may depend on the following:
- Use rate
- Weed spectrum and size at application
- Environmental conditions at and following treatment
Where a rate range is shown, use the higher levels of the dosage range on hard-to-control species, fine-textured soils, or soils containing greater than 5% organic matter or carbon. Use the lower levels of the dosage range on coarse-textured soils and/or on soils low in organic matter. Refer to specific uses for rate ranges.
VELPAR L may be applied by ground equipment and, where permitted, aerial equipment. Use rates, minimum spray gallonage, and other application information are described for the various uses.
Dispose of the equipment washwater by applying it to a use site listed on the label or in accordance with directions given in the “Storage and Disposal” section of the label.
Before spraying, calibrate equipment to determine the quantity of water necessary to uniformly and thoroughly cover the vegetation and soil in a measured area to be treated.
INVASIVE SPECIES MANAGEMENT
This product may be considered for use on public, private, and tribal lands to treat certain weed species infestations that have been determined to be invasive, consistent with the Federal Interagency Committee for the Management of Noxious and Exotic Weeds (FICMNEW) National Early Detection and Rapid Response (EDRR) System for invasive plants. Effective EDRR systems address invasions by eradicating the invader where possible, and controlling them when the invasive species is too established to be feasibly eradicated. Once an EDRR assessment has been completed and action is advised, a Rapid Response needs to be taken to quickly contain, deny reproduction, and if possible eliminate the invader. Consult your appropriate state extension service, forest service, or regional multidisciplinary invasive species management coordination team to determine the appropriate Rapid Response provisions and allowed treatments in your area.
When herbicides that affect the same biological site of action are used repeatedly over several years to control the same weed species in the same field, naturally-occurring resistant biotypes may survive a correctly applied herbicide treatment, propagate, and become dominant in that field.
Adequate control of these resistant weed biotypes cannot be expected. If weed control is unsatisfactory, it may be necessary to retreat the problem area using a product affecting a different site of action.
To better manage herbicide resistance through delaying the proliferation and possible dominance of herbicide resistant weed biotypes, it may be necessary to change cultural practices within and between crop seasons such as using a combination of tillage, retreatment, tank-mix partners and/or sequential herbicide applications that have a different site of action. Weed escapes that are allowed to go to seed will promote the spread of resistant biotypes.
It is advisable to keep accurate records of pesticides applied to individual fields to help obtain information on the spread and dispersal of resistant biotypes. Consult your agricultural dealer, consultant, applicator, and/or appropriate state agricultural extension service representative for specific alternative cultural practices or herbicide instructions available in your area.
INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT
This product may be used as part of an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) program that can include biological, cultural, and genetic practices aimed at preventing economic pest damage. IPM principles and practices include field scouting or other detection methods, correct target pest identification, population monitoring, and treating when target pest populations reach locally determined action thresholds. Consult your state cooperative extension service, professional consultants or other qualified authorities to determine appropriate action treatment threshold levels for treating specific pest/crop systems in your area.
Refer to the label for tank mix information.
YELLOW POPLAR PLANTINGS
VELPAR L is recommended for the control of herbaceous weeds in the establishment of yellow poplar plantations. Applications may be made over the top of planted seedlings after the soil has settled around the root systems but before the seedlings have broken dormancy (bud break). A subsequent application may be made before dormancy break in the Spring of the second year.
USE RATES: Use the rate range specified in the \"RELEASE HERBACEOUS WEED CONTROL\" section for pine plantations - eastern US.
For ground application, use sufficient spray volume for uniform and thorough coverage of the site to be sprayed, usually a minimum of 25 gallons per acre. For aerial applications, use a minimum of 5 gallons of water per acre. For broader spectrum control VELPAR L may be tank mixed with DuPont ESCORT XP herbicide. Add ESCORT XP at a rate of 1/2 ounce per acre with the prescribed rate of VELPAR L.
YELLOW POPLAR PLANTINGS
- Applications of VELPAR L and tank mixes of VELPAR L and DuPont ESCORT XP made to yellow poplar seedlings that are suffering from loss of vigor caused by insects, disease, drought, winter damage, animal damage, excessive soil moisture, planting shock or other stresses may injure or kill the seedlings.
- Applications of VELPAR L and tank mixes of VELPAR L and ESCORT XP should only be made after adequate rainfall has closed the planting slit and settled the soil around the roots following transplanting.
- The use of surfactant with VELPAR L is not recommended for applications made over the tops of seedlings.
- Careful consideration must be given by an experienced and knowledgeable forester to ensure the specific growth requirements of yellow poplar will be provided by the selected planting site. Treatment of yellow poplar planted on a site inadequate to meet its requirements may injure or kill the seedlings.
- Do not use VELPAR L in nurseries, seedbeds, or ornamental plantings.
- On tracts of land where various soil types are present and VELPAR L rate selection is difficult, conifer damage or less-than-expected vegetation suppression may occur due to the different rates required for various soil types.
- Poor weed and brush control may result from the following:
- Heavy duff or slash present at time of application
- Us on poorly drained sites - Applications made when the soil is saturated with water and rain is imminent within 24 hours - Applications to soils high in organic matter (greater than 5%)
- Following harvest, allow stumps and injured trees sufficient time to adequately resprout before applying VELPAR L.
- Where burning is desired, burn vegetation after any brush has completely defoliated, at least twice, allowing for sufficient root uptake of VELPAR L.
- Do not use VELPAR L on frozen soils; use in spring after snow melt.
- Do not add a surfactant in applications over the top of conifers.
- Weed control results from spring applications depend on sufficient moisture to activate VELPAR L.
- When applying VELPAR L after transplanting, wait until rainfall has settled the soil around the base and root systems of the transplants before making the treatment.
- Crop injury may occur when VELPAR L is used:
- On trees that show poor vigor, insect damage, disease, winter injury, or other stress conditions
- On any soil containing less than 1% organic matter
- On loamy sand or sandy loam with less than 2% organic matter, except Jeffrey pine and Ponderosa pine
- On conifer foliage after conifer bud break
- On gravelly or rocky soils, exposed subsoils, clay knobs, sand, or sandy soil with 85% or more sand.
- Do not cut treated vegetation for forage or hay nor graze domestic animals on treated areas for 60 days following application.