CHRISTMAS TREES - FIRST YEAR PLANTINGS - COARSE TEXTURE

General Information

PRODUCT INFORMATION
Velpar DF VU Herbicide is a water-dispersible granule that is mixed in water and applied as a spray for weed control in Christmas trees, forestry site preparation and release areas, and industrial areas. It may also be applied as a basal soil treatment for brush control in reforestation areas, rangeland, pastures, and noncrop areas.

Velpar DF VU Herbicide is an effective general herbicide providing both contact and residual control of many annual and biennial weeds and woody plants. It is also effective for control of most perennial weeds.

Velpar DF VU Herbicide is noncorrosive to equipment.

Care must be exercised when applying Velpar DF VU Herbicide near desirable trees or shrubs as they can absorb Velpar DF VU Herbicide through roots extending in to treated areas.

This product may be applied on agricultural and non-agricultural sites that contain areas of temporary surface water caused by collection of water between planting beds, in equipment ruts, or in other depressions created by management activities. It is permissible to treat intermittent drainage, intermittently flooded low lying sites, seasonally dry flood plains, and transitional areas between upland and lowland sites when no water is present. It is also permissible to treat marshes, swamps, and bogs after water has receded, as well as seasonally dry flood deltas. DO NOT make applications to natural or man-made bodies of water such as lakes, reservoirs, ponds, streams, and canals.

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS AND BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITY
Velpar DF VU Herbicide is absorbed through the roots and foliage. Moisture is required to activate Velpar DF VU Herbicide in the soil. Best results are obtained when the soil is moist at the time of application and 1/4-1/2 inches of rainfall occurs within 2 weeks after application.

For best results, apply Velpar DF VU Herbicide preemergence or postemergence when weeds are less than 2 inches in height or diameter. Herbicidal activity is most effective under conditions of high temperature (above 80 °F), high humidity, and good soil moisture. Herbicidal activity may be reduced when vegetation is dormant, semi-dormant, or under stress (e.g. temperature or moisture).

Herbicidal activity will usually appear within 2 weeks after application to susceptible plants under warm, humid conditions; while 4--6 weeks may be required when weather is cool or dry, or when susceptible plants are under stress. If rainfall after application is inadequate to activate Velpar DF VU Herbicide in the soil, plants may recover from contact effects and continue to grow.

On woody plants, symptoms usually appear within 3-6 weeks after sufficient rainfall has carried the herbicide into the root zone during periods of active growth. Defoliation and subsequent refoliation may occur, but susceptible plants are killed.

The degree and duration of control will depend on the following:
- Use rate
- Weed spectrum and size at time of application
- Environmental conditions at and following treatment

Where a rate range is shown, use the higher levels of the dosage range on hard-to-control species, fine-textured soils, or soils containing greater than 5% organic matter or carbon. Use the lower levels of the dosage range on coarse-textured soils and/or on soils low in organic matter. Refer to specific uses for rate ranges.

APPLICATION INFORMATION
Velpar DF VU Herbicide may be applied by ground equipment and, where permitted, aerial equipment. Use rates, minimum spray gallonage, and other application information are described for various uses.

Dispose of the equipment washwater by applying it to a use-site listed on this label or in accordance with directions given in the "Storage and Disposal" section of this label.

Before spraying, calibrate equipment to determine the quantity of water necessary to uniformly and thoroughly cover the vegetation and soil in a measured area to be treated. Make sure the volume of water is sufficient to completely suspend the Velpar DF VU Herbicide.

TANK MIXTURES
Velpar DF VU Herbicide may be tank mixed with other herbicides and /or adjuvants registered for the uses specified in the label. Refer to the label of the tank mix partner(s) for any additional use instructions or restrictions. The most restrictive label provisions apply. If other label instructions conflict with this label do not tank mix the herbicide and/or adjuvant with Velpar DF VU Herbicide.

INVASIVE SPECIES MANAGEMENT
This product may be considered for use on public, private, and tribal lands to treat certain weed species infestations that have been determined to be invasive, consistent with the Federal Interagency Committee for the Management of Noxious and Exotic Weeds (FICMNEW) National Early Detection and Rapid Response (EDRR) System for invasive plants. Effective EDRR systems address invasions by eradicating the invader where possible, and controlling them when the invasive species is too established to be feasibly eradicated. Once an EDRR assessment has been completed and action is advised, a Rapid Response needs to be taken to quickly contain, deny reproduction, and if possible eliminate the invader. Consult your appropriate state extension service, forest service, or regional multidisciplinary invasive species management coordination team to determine the appropriate Rapid Response provisions and allowed treatments in your area.

RESISTANCE
Velpar DF VU Herbicide, which contains the active ingredient hexazinone, is a Group 5 herbicide based on the mode of action classification system of the Weed Science Society of America.

When herbicides with mode of action classifications that affect the same biological sites of action are used repeatedly over several years to control the same weed species in the same treatment area, naturally-occurring resistant biotypes may survive a correctly applied herbicide treatment, propagate, and become dominant in that area.

Adequate control of these resistant weed biotypes cannot be expected. If weed control is unsatisfactory, it may be necessary to retreat the problem area using a product affecting a different biological site of action.

To better manage herbicide resistance through delaying the proliferation and possible dominance of herbicide resistant weed biotypes, it may be necessary to change cultural practices within and between crop seasons such as using a combination of tillage, retreatment, tank-mix partners and/or sequential herbicide applications that have a different site of action. Weed escapes that are allowed to go to seed will promote the spread of resistant biotypes.

It is advisable to keep accurate records of pesticides applied to individual fields to help obtain information on the spread and dispersal of resistant biotypes. Consult your agricultural dealer, consultant, applicator, and/or appropriate state agricultural extension service representative for specific alternative cultural practices or herbicide instructions available in your area.

INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT
This product may be used as part of an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) program that can include biological, cultural, and genetic practices aimed at preventing economic pest damage. IPM principles and practices include field scouting or other detection methods, correct target pest identification, population monitoring, and treating when target pest populations reach locally determined action thresholds. Consult your state cooperative extension service, professional consultants, or other qualified authorities to determine appropriate action treatment threshold levels for treating specific pest/crop systems in your area.

Limitations, Restrictions, and Exceptions

CHRISTMAS TREES

VELPAR DF is recommended for control of certain weeds where the following species are grown.

Unless otherwise directed in separately published DuPont recommendations, do not use VELPAR DF on Christmas trees in the following states:

Alabama, Louisiana, New Jersey, Texas, Arkansas, Maine, New York, Vermont, Connecticut, Maryland, North Carolina, Virginia, Delaware, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Georgia, Mississippi, Rhode Island, Florida, New Hampshire, South Carolina.

APPLICATION INFORMATION

EASTERN US

Apply VELPAR DF as a broadcast spray in the spring prior to bud break. If application is made after bud break, use directional spray equipment to prevent contact with foliage.

WESTERN US

Areas of greater than 20 inches annual rainfall - VELPAR DF may be applied as a broadcast spray in the spring prior to conifer bud break. If application is made after bud break, use directional spray equipment to prevent contact with foliage.

Areas of less than 20 inches annual rainfall - VELPAR DF may be applied in the fall before the soil freezes or in the spring after snow cover melts, but before conifer bud break occurs.

USE RATES

The rates listed are for broadcast application. For band application, use proportionately less; for example, use 1/2 of the broadcast rates when treating a 3-foot band where row spacing is 6 feet. Use the higher end of the rate range on the heavier soil type. Do not use more than one application of VELPAR DF per year.

First year plantings - Transplant stock that is 2 years old or more (1 year old for loblolly pine). Apply DuPont VELPAR DF only if rainfall has settled the soil around the base and root systems of the transplants.

WEEDS CONTROLLED

VELPAR DF is recommended for the control or suppression of the listed weed species in Christmas trees.

Suppression – a visible reduction in plant population and/or plant vigor as compared to an untreated area and generally not accepted as control.

Weeds Suppressed:

Aster, heath, Blackberry (briar), Kentucky (perennial), Broomsedge, Carrot, wild, Cockle, white, Dandelion, common, Dandelion, false, Dock, curly, Fescue, Fireweed (willowweed), Lettuce, prickly, Orchardgrass, Raspberry (briar), Ryegrass, perennial, Tea, Mexican

SPRAY EQUIPMENT
Velpar DF VU Herbicide may be applied by ground equipment or by air. Select a spray volume that will ensure a thorough and uniform application. Apply a minimum of 5 gallons per acre by air and a minimum of 10 gallons per acre by ground equipment.

USE PRECAUTIONS FOR CHRISTMAS TREES
- Weed control results from spring applications depend on sufficient moisture to activate Velpar DF VU Herbicide.
- Poor weed and brush control may result from the following:
-Heavy duff or slash present at the time of application.
-Use on poorly drained sites.
-Applications made when soil is saturated with water and rain is imminent within 24 hours.
-Applications to soils high in organic matter (greater than 5%).
- Injury may occur when Velpar DF VU Herbicide is used on the following:
-Trees that show poor vigor, insect damage, disease, winter injury, or other stress conditions.
-Any soil containing less than 1% organic matter.
-Loamy sand or sandy loam with less than 2% organic matter (except Jeffrey Pine and Ponderosa Pine).
-Foliage after budbreak.
-Gravelly or rocky soils, exposed subsoils, clay knobs, sand, or sandy soil with 85% or more sand.

USE RESTRICTIONS FOR CHRISTMAS TREES
- Do not use Velpar DF VU Herbicide in nurseries, seed beds, or ornamental plantings.
- Do not add a surfactant in applications over the top of conifers.
- Livestock may be grazed immediately following a broadcast application of Velpar DF VU Herbicide at rates of 1.5 pounds per acre or less, and treated vegetation may be cut, dried, and fed after 38 days.
- Do not cut treated vegetation for feed, or graze livestock on treated areas for 60 days following application of Velpar DF VU Herbicide at broadcast rates exceeding 1.5 pounds per acre.
Note: For Fir, Douglas (western US only)

Restricted Entry Interval

48 hours