WINDBREAKS AND SHELTERBELTS

General Information

GENERAL USE INFORMATION

Galigan H2O may be applied for preemergence and postemergence weed control. All directions and restrictions for use found in the general use information and specific crop sections of the label must be followed.

CULTURAL CONSIDERATIONS

In order for Galigan H2O to provide maximum preemergence activity: Prior to application, the bed or soil surface should be smooth and free of crop and weed trash (decaying leaves, clippings, dead weeds, etc.). Leaves and trash may be removed by blowing the area to be treated or by thoroughly mixing the trash into the soil through cultivation prior to herbicide application. After application, at least one-quarter inch (1/4 inch) of irrigation or rainfall should occur within 3 or 4 weeks after application. The best results from Galigan H2O are from applications to established beds or soil surfaces that are left undisturbed during the time period for which weed control is desired. Cultural practices that result in redistribution or disturbance of the soil surface after treatment will decrease the herbicidal effectiveness of Galigan H2O. Cutting water furrows or cultivations that mix untreated soil into treated areas will also reduce the effectiveness of the treatment.

Selective weed control: Some products listed on the label provide selective weed control. Selective weed control occurs when the target weeds are killed without impact to desirable crops or vegetation.

RATE RANGES

Select proper application rates based on soil conditions, weed spectrum, and desired period of residual weed control.

Preemergence Application: Where rate ranges are given, use the lower rate in the rate range on coarse textured soils with less than 1% organic matter. Use higher rates in the rate range on medium to fine textured soils, soils containing greater than 1% organic matter, or where a longer period of residual weed control is desired.

Postemergence Application: Where a rate range is given, use higher rate in rate range for heavy weed infestations, weeds in advanced stages of growth, or where a longer period of residual weed control is desired.

Limitations, Restrictions, and Exceptions

NON-DORMANT APPLICATION WINDBREAKS AND SHELTERBELTS (MINNESOTA, NORTH DAKOTA, SOUTH DAKOTA, WYOMING ONLY)

GENERAL INFORMATION

Galigan H2O is effective as a preemergence and/or postemergence herbicide for the control of certain annual broadleaf weeds in windbreaks and shelterbelts. Preemergence control is most effective when spray is applied to clean, weed-free soil surfaces. Treated soil surfaces should not be disturbed as the herbicidal effectiveness of Galigan H2O may be decreased. Seedling weeds are controlled during emergence as they come in contact with the soil-applied herbicide. The most effective postemergence weed control is achieved when Galigan H2O is applied with thorough coverage of weeds in the seedling stage.

Occasionally after the use of Galigan H2O, a spotting, crinkling, or flecking may appear on leaves of deciduous species. Leaves that receive direct or indirect (drift) spray contact will be injured. Deciduous species typically outgrow this condition rapidly and develop normally.

IMPORTANT: Some varieties or cultivars of conifers and deciduous species listed may be susceptible to Galigan H2O. Care should be taken to ensure that the particular variety to be sprayed with Galigan H2O is tolerant. It is suggested that unfamiliar species be tested in limited areas prior to application for preemergence and postemergence weed control.

Galigan H2O is most effective when applied preemergence to annual grasses. Postemergence applications should be made to seedling grasses not exceeding the 2-leaf stage. The addition of 0.25% (2 pints per 100 gallons of spray solution) of an 80% active nonionic surfactant, cleared for application on growing crops, enhances the Galigan H2O activity on emerged weeds. When determining an appropriate use rate where a range of rates is provided, use higher rates where heavy weed pressure is anticipated, or where medium and fine soil textures exist and high organic matter soils are present.

METHOD OF APPLICATION

CONIFERS: Galigan H2O can be applied pre-transplant, post-directed, or postemergence (overthe- top) to conifers. Postemergence or post-directed applications should be applied prior to budbreak or after the foliage has had an opportunity to harden off.

DECIDUOUS: Galigan H2O has exhibited selectivity to many deciduous species when applied pretransplant or as a post-directed spray prior to budbreak. Special care should be taken to direct the spray toward the base of the plant. Applications made after budbreak may result in injury to the deciduous species and are not recommended. (Note: If a non-dormant application is required, do not apply during periods of new foliage growth. Applications should be made after foliage has fully expanded and hardened off. Direct spray toward the base of the trees. Avoid direct or indirect spray contact with the foliage of the deciduous species.)

In general, Galigan H2O should be thoroughly mixed with clean water at the recommended concentration and applied at 20 to 40 psi in a minimum of 20 gallons of water per acre as a broadcast, banded, or post-directed spray. Thorough spray coverage is essential to maximize the postemergence activity of Galigan H2O. Spray equipment should be calibrated carefully before each use. Pretransplant applications must be made after completion of soil preparation but prior to transplanting.

Transplanting should be completed with minimal soil disturbance. Treated soil surfaces should be left undisturbed after transplanting to obtain the greatest benefit of Galigan H2O on susceptible annual broadleaf weeds during the time period for which weed control is desired. However, timely cultivations after weed emergence will assist in weed control.

WINDBREAKS AND SHELTERBELTS SPECIFIC USE RESTRICTIONS

In addition to the following, also observe GENERAL USE RESTRICTIONS listed elsewhere on the label.

- Do not apply more than 3 pints (1.5 lbs. active) of Galigan H2O per treated acre per growing season as a result of single or multiple applications.

- Always apply Galigan H2O to healthy deciduous and/or conifer species.

- Do not apply Galigan H2O to conifers or deciduous species that have been weakened or are under stress from excessive fertilizer or soil salts, disease, nematodes, frost, drought, flooding, previously applied pesticides, soil insects, or winter injury, as severe injury may result.

Restricted Entry Interval

24 hours