CONIFER SEEDBEDS - PREEMERGENCE

General Information

GENERAL USE INFORMATION

Galigan H2O may be applied for preemergence and postemergence weed control. All directions and restrictions for use found in the general use information and specific crop sections of the label must be followed.

CULTURAL CONSIDERATIONS

In order for Galigan H2O to provide maximum preemergence activity: Prior to application, the bed or soil surface should be smooth and free of crop and weed trash (decaying leaves, clippings, dead weeds, etc.). Leaves and trash may be removed by blowing the area to be treated or by thoroughly mixing the trash into the soil through cultivation prior to herbicide application. After application, at least one-quarter inch (1/4 inch) of irrigation or rainfall should occur within 3 or 4 weeks after application. The best results from Galigan H2O are from applications to established beds or soil surfaces that are left undisturbed during the time period for which weed control is desired. Cultural practices that result in redistribution or disturbance of the soil surface after treatment will decrease the herbicidal effectiveness of Galigan H2O. Cutting water furrows or cultivations that mix untreated soil into treated areas will also reduce the effectiveness of the treatment.

Selective weed control: Some products listed on the label provide selective weed control. Selective weed control occurs when the target weeds are killed without impact to desirable crops or vegetation.

RATE RANGES

Select proper application rates based on soil conditions, weed spectrum, and desired period of residual weed control.

Preemergence Application: Where rate ranges are given, use the lower rate in the rate range on coarse textured soils with less than 1% organic matter. Use higher rates in the rate range on medium to fine textured soils, soils containing greater than 1% organic matter, or where a longer period of residual weed control is desired.

Postemergence Application: Where a rate range is given, use higher rate in rate range for heavy weed infestations, weeds in advanced stages of growth, or where a longer period of residual weed control is desired.

Limitations, Restrictions, and Exceptions

CONIFER SEEDBEDS, TRANSPLANTS, CONTAINER STOCK AND SELECTED FIELD-GROWN DECIDUOUS TREES

General Information

Galigan H2O is effective as a preemergence and/or postemergence herbicide for the control of certain annual grassy and broadleaf weeds in conifer seedbeds, transplants, and container stock, and in selected field-grown deciduous trees. Preemergence control is most effective when spray is applied to clean, weed-free soil surfaces. Treated soil surfaces should not be disturbed as the herbicidal effectiveness of Galigan H2O may be decreased. Seedling weeds are controlled during emergence as they come in contact with the soil-applied herbicide. The most effective postemergence weed control is achieved when Galigan H2O is applied to seedling weeds less than 4 inches in height.

Occasionally after the use of Galigan H2O, a spotting, crinkling, or flecking may appear on leaves of conifer and deciduous species. Leaves that receive direct or indirect (drift) spray contact may be injured. The conifer and deciduous species typically outgrow this condition rapidly and develop normally.

IMPORTANT: When applied as directed, the conifer and selected deciduous species listed on the label have shown tolerance to Galigan H2O. It is impossible, however, to evaluate this product on all varieties, biotypes, and cultivars of listed species on the label or under all possible growing conditions. The user should exercise reasonable judgement and caution with this product. Until familiar with results under user growing conditions, limit application of this product to a few plants in a small treated area to determine plant tolerance and extent of injury if such occurs prior to initiating large-scale applications.

Notes:

- Barnyardgrass; Bluegrass, Annual; Clover, Red; Clover, White; Crabgrass, Large; Fiddleneck, Coast; Foxtail, Giant; Goosegrass; Morningglory, Ivyleaf; Morningglory, Tall; Shepherdspurse: Highest rate and/or multiple applications may be required for acceptable control.

-Spurge, Prostrate; Spurge, Spotted; Thistle, Bull; Woodsorrel, Yellow: Preemergence control only.

Galigan H2O is most effective when applied preemergence to annual grasses. Postemergence applications should be made to seedling grasses not exceeding the 2-leaf stage. The addition of 0.25% (2 pints per 100 gallons of spray solution) of an 80% active nonionic surfactant, cleared for application on growing crops, enhances the Galigan H2O activity on emerged weeds. When determining an appropriate use rate where a range of rates is provided, use higher rates where heavy weed pressure is anticipated, or where medium and fine soil textures exist and high organic matter soils are present.

Preemergence Dosage

Apply 0.5 to 2 pints (0.25 to 1.0 lb. active) of Galigan H2O per broadcast acre as a preemergence application prior to conifer emergence. Where grass weeds are present, a rate of 1 to 2 pints (0.5 to 1.0 lb. active) of Galigan H2O per broadcast acre is recommended. In known areas of high weed competition, 2 pints (1.0 lb. active) of Galigan H2O per broadcast acre are recommended.

TIMING AND METHOD OF APPLICATION

Galigan H2O should be thoroughly mixed with clean water at recommended concentration and applied at 20 to 40 psi in a minimum of 20 gallons of water per treated acre. Broadcast to beds and irrigate prior to weed emergence with 1/2 to 3/4 inch of sprinkler irrigation.

Restricted Entry Interval

3 days