TURFGRASS SOD PRODUCTION - ANNUAL WEEDS
Product Description: This product is a postemergent, systemic herbicide with no soil residual activity. It is generally non-selective and gives broad-spectrum control of many annual weeds, perennial weeds, woody brush and trees. It is formulated as a water-soluble liquid. It may be applied through most standard industrial or field-type sprayers after dilution and thorough mixing with water or other carriers according to label instructions.
Time to Symptoms: This product moves through the plant from the point of foliage contact to and into the root system. Visible effects on most annual weeds occur within 2 to 4 days, but on most perennial weeds may not occur for 7 days or more. Extremely cool or cloudy weather following treatment may slow activity of this product and delay visible effects of control. Visible effects are a gradual wilting and yellowing of the plant, which advances to complete browning of above-ground growth and deterioration of underground plant parts.
Stage of Weeds: Annual weeds are easiest to control when they are small. Best control of most perennial weeds is obtained when treatment is made at late growth stages approaching maturity. Refer to the ANNUAL WEEDS, PERENNIAL WEEDS AND WOODY BRUSH RATE TABLES for instructions for specific weeds.
Always use the higher rate of this product per acre within the specified range when weed growth is heavy or denser weeds are growing in an undisturbed (noncultivated) area.
Do not treat weeds under poor growing conditions such as drought stress, disease or insect damage, as reduced weed control may result. Reduced results may also occur when treating weeds heavily covered with dust.
Cultural Considerations: Reduced control may result when applications are made to annual and perennial weeds that have been mowed, grazed, or cut, and have not been allowed to regrow to the specified stage for treatment.
Spray Coverage: For best results, spray coverage should be uniform and complete. Do not spray weed foliage to the point of runoff.
Mode of Action: The active ingredient in this product inhibits an enzyme found only in plants and microorganisms that is essential to formation of specific amino acids.
No Soil Activity: Weeds must be emerged at the time of application to be controlled by this product. Weeds germinating from seed after application will not be controlled. Unemerged plants arising from unattached underground rhizomes or root stocks of perennials will not be affected by the herbicide and will continue to grow.
Biological Degradation: Degradation of this product is primarily a biological process carried out by soil microbes.
Annual Maximum Use Rate: Except as otherwise specified in a crop section of the label, the combined total of all treatments must not exceed 8 quarts of this product per acre per year. For applications in non-crop sites or in tree, vine, or shrub crops, the combined total of all treatments must not exceed 10.6 quarts of this product per acre per year. The maximum use rates stated throughout this product’s labeling apply to this product combined with the use of all other herbicides containing glyphosate or sulfosate as the active ingredient, whether applied as mixtures or separately. Calculate the application rates and ensure that the total use of this and other glyphosate or sulfosate containing products does not exceed stated maximum use rate.
NOTE: Use of this product in any manner not consistent with the label may result in injury to persons, animals, or crops, or other unintended consequences.
APPLICATION EQUIPMENT AND TECHNIQUES
Do not apply this product through any type of irrigation system.
This product may be applied with the following application equipment:
Aerial – Fixed Wing and Helicopter
Ground Broadcast Spray – Boom or boomless systems, pull-type sprayer, floaters, pick-up sprayers, spray coupes and other ground broadcast equipment.
Hand-Held or High-Volume Spray Equipment – Knapsack and backpack sprayers, pump-up pressure sprayers, handguns, handwands, mistblowers*, lances and other hand-held and motorized spray equipment used to direct the spray onto weed foliage.
* THIS PRODUCT IS NOT REGISTERED IN CALIFORNIA OR ARIZONA FOR USE IN MISTBLOWERS.
Selective Equipment – Recirculating sprayers, shielded and hooded sprayers, wiper applicators and sponge bars.
Injection Systems – Aerial or ground injection sprayers.
Controlled Droplet Applicator (CDA) – Hand-held or boom-mounted applicators that produce a spray consisting of a narrow range of droplet sizes.
APPLY THESE SPRAY SOLUTIONS IN PROPERLY MAINTAINED AND CALIBRATED EQUIPMENT CAPABLE OF DELIVERING DESIRED VOLUMES.
FOR AERIAL APPLICATION IN CALIFORNIA ONLY
Directions for Use
Aerial applications of this product are allowed in the following situations:
1. In fallow and reduced tillage systems prior to the emergence or transplanting of labeled crops.
2. In alfalfa and pasture renovation applications.
3. Over-the-top applications in glyphosate-tolerant corn and cotton.
4. Preharvest in alfalfa, corn, cotton, wheat, glyphosate-tolerant corn and glyphosate-tolerant cotton.
Do not plant subsequent crops other than those listed in the label for 30 days following application.
When applied as specified, under the conditions described, Glyfos controls annual and perennial weeds listed in the label.
THIS PRODUCT PLUS DICAMBA TANK MIXTURES MAY NOT BE APPLIED BY AIR IN CALIFORNIA.
Use the recommended rates of this product in 3 to 15 gallons of water per acre.
Do not apply directly to water, to areas where surface water is present or to intertidal areas below the mean high water mark. Do not contaminate water when disposing of equipment washwaters.
FOR AERIAL APPLICATION IN FRESNO COUNTY CALIFORNIA ONLY FROM FEBRUARY 15 THROUGH MARCH 31 ONLY.
This supplemental information only applies to the area contained inside the following boundaries within Fresno County California:
North: Fresno County line
South: Fresno County line
East: State Highway 99
West: Fresno County line
Always read and follow the label directions and precautionary statements for all products used in the aerial application. Observe the following directions to minimize off-site movement during aerial application of Glyfos. Minimization of off-site movement is the responsibility of the grower, Pest Control Advisor, and aerial applicator.
Aerial Applicator Training and Equipment
Aerial application of Glyfos is limited to pilots who have successfully completed a Fresno County Agricultural Commissioner and California Department of Pesticide Regulation approved training program for aerial application of herbicides. All aircraft must be inspected, critiqued in flight, and certified at a Fresno County Agricultural Commissioner approved fly-in. Test and calibrate spray equipment at intervals sufficient to insure that proper rates of herbicides and adjuvants are being applied during commercial use. Applicator must document such calibrations and testing. Demonstration of performance at Fresno County Agricultural Commissioner approved fly-ins constitutes such documentation, or other written records showing calculations and measurements of flight and spray parameters acceptable to the Fresno County Agricultural Commissioner.
Applications at Night – Do not apply this product by air earlier than 30 minutes prior to sunrise and/or later than 30 minutes after sunset without prior permission from the Fresno County Agricultural Commissioner.
Ground Broadcast Equipment
Use the specified rates of this product in 3 to 40 gallons of water per acre as a broadcast spray unless otherwise specified. As density of weeds increases, spray volume should be increased within the specified range to ensure complete coverage. Carefully select proper nozzle to avoid spraying a fine mist. For best results with ground application equipment, use flat spray nozzles. Check for even distribution of spray droplets.
Hand-Held or High-Volume Equipment
Use coarse sprays only.
Apply to foliage of vegetation to be controlled. For applications made on a spray-to-wet basis, spray coverage should be uniform and complete. Do not spray to the point of runoff. For application rates and timing, refer to the ANNUAL WEEDS – HAND-HELD OR HIGH-VOLUME EQUIPMENT section of the product label.
This product may be applied through recirculating spray systems, shielded applicators, hooded sprayers, wiper applicators or sponge bars, after dilution and thorough mixing with water to listed weeds growing in any non-crop site specified on the label.
In cropping systems, hooded sprayers, shielded sprayers, and wipers may be used in row middles (in between rows of crop plants) where any dripping or leaking will not contact crop foliage, when listed under TYPES OF APPLICATION in the crop sections of this product’s labeling. Such equipment must be capable of preventing all crop contact with herbicide solutions and operated without leakage of spray mists or dripping onto crop. Wipers over-the-top of crops may be used only when specifically specified in this product’s labeling.
AVOID CONTACT OF HERBICIDE WITH DESIRABLE VEGETATION.
Contact of the herbicide solution with the desirable vegetation may result in damage or destruction. Applicators used above desired vegetation should be adjusted so that the lowest spray stream or wiper contact point is at least 2 inches above the desirable vegetation. Droplets, mist, foam, or splatter of the herbicide solution settling on desirable vegetation may result in discoloration, stunting or destruction.
Applications made above the crops should be made when the weeds are a minimum of 6 inches above the desirable vegetation. Better results may be obtained when more of the weed is exposed to the herbicide solution. Weeds not contacted by the herbicide solution will not be affected. This may occur in dense clumps, severe infestations or when the height of weeds varies so that not all weeds are contacted. In these instances, repeat treatment may be necessary.
Recirculating Spray System
A recirculating spray system directs the spray solution onto weeds growing above desirable vegetation, while spray solution not intercepted by weeds is collected and returned to the spray tank for reuse.
Shielded and Hooded Applicators
When applied under conditions described in the following paragraphs for shielded and hooded applications, this product at specified rates will control those weeds listed in the ANNUAL WEEDS RATE TABLE and PERENNIAL WEEDS RATE TABLE sections of the label. A hooded sprayer is a type of shielded applicator where the spray pattern is fully enclosed including top, sides, front and back, thereby shielding the crop from the spray solution. Use nozzles that provide uniform coverage within the treated area. Keep shields on these sprayers adjusted to protect desirable vegetation. When applying to crops grown on raised beds, ensure that the hood is designed to completely enclose the spray solution. If necessary, extend the front and rear flaps of the hoods to reach the ground in deep furrows.
EXTREME CARE MUST BE EXERCISED TO AVOID CONTACT OF HERBICIDE WITH DESIRABLE VEGETATION.
This equipment must be set up and operated in a manner that avoids bouncing or raising the hoods off the ground in any way. If the hoods are raised, spray particles may escape and come into contact with the crop, causing damage or destruction of the crop. Avoid operation on rough or sloping ground where the spray hoods might be raised off the ground.
Use a single, low pressure/low drift flat-fan nozzle with an 80 to 95 degree spray angle positioned at the top center of the hood to minimize excessive dripping or run-off down the insides of the hoods. Spray volume should be 20-30 gallons per acre.
When applied under the conditions described in the following paragraphs, this product CONTROLS many weeds, including volunteer corn, Texas panicum, common rye, shattercane, sicklepod, spanishneedles and bristly starbur; and SUPPRESSES many weeds including Florida beggarweed, Bermudagrass, hemp dogbane, dogfennel, guineagrass, johnsongrass, milkweed, silverleaf nightshade, redroot pigweed, giant ragweed, smutgrass, sunflower, Canada thistle, musk thistle, vaseygrass, velvetleaf.
Wiper applicators are devices that physically wipe appropriate amounts of this product directly onto the weed.
Equipment must be designed, maintained and operated to prevent the herbicide solution from contacting desirable vegetation. Operate this equipment at ground speeds no greater than 5 mph. Performance may be improved by reducing speed in areas of heavy weed infestations to ensure adequate wiper saturation. Better results may be obtained if 2 applications are made in opposite directions.
Avoid leakage or dripping onto desirable vegetation. Adjust height of applicator to ensure adequate contact with weeds. Keep wiping surfaces clean. Be aware that, on sloping ground, the herbicide solution may migrate causing dripping on the lower end and drying of the wicks on the upper end of a wiper applicator.
Do not use wiper equipment when weeds are wet.
Mix only the amount of solution to be used during a 1-day period, as reduced activity may result from use of leftover solutions. Clean wiper parts immediately after using this product by thoroughly flushing with water.
Do not add surfactant to the herbicide solution.
For Rope or Sponge Wick Applicators – Solutions ranging from 33 to 75 percent of this product in water may be used. Apply this solution to weeds listed in this section.
For Panel Applicators – Solutions ranging from 33 to 100 percent of this product in water may be used in panel wiper applicators.
This product may be used in aerial or ground injection spray systems. It may be used as a liquid concentrate or diluted prior to injecting into the spray stream. Do not mix this product with the concentrate of other products when using injection systems.
The rate of this product applied per acre by vehicle-mounted CDA equipment must not be less than the amount specified in the label when applied by conventional broadcast equipment. For vehicle-mounted CDA equipment, apply 2 to 15 gallons of water per acre.
For the control of annual weeds with hand-held CDA units, apply a 20 percent solution of this product at a flow rate of 2 fluid ounces per minute and a walking speed of 1.5 miles per hour (1 quart per acre). For the control of perennial weeds, apply a 20 to 40 percent solution of this product at a flow rate of 2 fluid ounces per minute and a walking speed of 0.75 miles per hour (2 to 4 quarts per acre).
Controlled droplet application equipment produces a spray pattern that is not easily visible. Extreme care must be exercised to avoid spray or drift contacting the foliage or any other green tissue of desirable vegetation, as damage or destruction may result.
GLYPHOSATE WEED RESISTANCE MANAGEMENT
Glyphosate, the active ingredient in this product, is a Group 9 Herbicide. Target site resistance to Group 9 herbicides is rare. Although rare in occurrence, any weed population may contain plants naturally resistant to Group 9 herbicides. Weed species resistant to Group 9 herbicides may be effectively managed utilizing another herbicide from a different group or using other cultural practices.
Weed resistance management recommendations for Group 9 herbicides are:
- Ensure optimum weed control by making applications at the right time (correct weed size) and utilizing the recommended label rate for the most difficult to control weed in your field.
- Base decisions on local needs and use the tool(s) necessary to obtain optimum weed control and minimize weed escapes.
- Avoid tank-mixtures that reduce this product’s efficacy (through antagonism) or which encourage rates of this product below the label instructions.
- Scout treated weed populations for escapes 2-4 weeks after application.
- Report any incidence of repeated non-performance of this product on a particular weed to the local retailer, county extension agent, or Cheminova representative.
ANNUAL AND PERENNIAL CROPS
NOTE: THIS SECTION GIVES GENERAL DIRECTIONS THAT APPLY TO ALL LISTED CROPS. SEE THE INDIVIDUAL CROP CATEGORIES FOR SPECIFIC INSTRUCTIONS, PREHARVEST INTERVALS AND ADDITIONAL PRECAUTIONS AND RESTRICTIONS.
See the GLYPHOSATE-TOLERANT CROPS section of the label for instructions for treating glyphosate-tolerant crops.
TYPES OF APPLICATIONS:
Chemical Fallow, Preplant Fallow Beds, Preplant, Preemergence, At-Planting, Hooded Sprayers in Row Middles, Shielded Sprayers in Row-Middles, Wiper Applications in Row-Middles and Post-Harvest Treatments.
GENERAL USE INSTRUCTIONS:
Apply this product during fallow intervals preceding planting, prior to planting or transplanting, at-planting, or preemergent to annual and perennial crops listed in the label, except where specifically limited. For any crop not listed in the label, applications must be made at least 30 days prior to planting. Unless otherwise specified, weed control applications may be made according to the rates listed in the ANNUAL WEEDS, PERENNIAL WEEDS and WOODY BRUSH RATE TABLES in the label. Repeat applications may be made up to a maximum of 8 quarts per acre per year.
Post-directed hooded sprayers and wiper equipment capable of preventing all crop contact with herbicide solutions may be used in mulched or unmulched row middles after crop establishment. Where specifically noted below, wipers may also be used above certain crops to control tall weeds. Refer to the SELECTIVE EQUIPMENT section of the label for essential precautions when using hooded sprayers or wipers to avoid crop injury caused by leakage of spray mists or dripping onto crops. Crop injury is possible with these applications and shall be the sole responsibility of the applicator.
The maximum use rates stated throughout this product’s labeling apply to this product combined with the use of all other herbicides containing glyphosate or sulfosate as the active ingredient, whether applied as mixtures or separately. Calculate the application rates and ensure that the total use of this and other glyphosate or sulfosate containing products does not exceed stated maximum use rate.
GENERAL PRECAUTIONS, RESTRICTIONS:
Avoid contact of herbicide with foliage, green shoots or stems, bark, exposed roots (including those emerging from plastic mulch), or fruit of crops because severe injury or destruction may result. When making preemergence and at planting applications, applications must be made before crop emergence to avoid severe crop injury. Broadcast applications made at emergence will result in injury or death to emerged seedlings. Apply before seed germination in coarse sandy soils to further minimize the risk of injury. Unless otherwise specified in this product’s labeling, treatments with selective equipment including wipers and hooded sprayers must be made at least 14 days prior to harvest. Postharvest or fallow applications must be made at least 30 days prior to planting any non-labeled crop. See APPLICATION EQUIPMENT AND TECHNIQUES section of the label for additional information.
In crops where spot treatments are allowed, do not treat more than 10 percent of the total field to be harvested. The crop receiving spray in treated area will be killed. Take care to avoid drift or spray outside the target area for the same reason.
For broadcast postemergent treatments, do not harvest or feed treated vegetation for 8 weeks following application, unless otherwise specified.
TURFGRASS SOD PRODUCTION
Preplant, Preemergence, Renovation, Site Preparation:
USE INSTRUCTIONS: This product controls most existing vegetation prior to renovating turf grass areas or establishing turf grass grown for seed or sod. Broadcast or hand-held equipment may be used to control sod remnants or other unwanted vegetation after sod is harvested. For maximum control of existing vegetation, delay planting or sodding to determine if any regrowth from escaped underground plant parts occurs. For warm-season grasses such as Bermudagrass, summer or fall applications provide the best control.
Desirable turf grasses may be planted following the above procedures.
PRECAUTIONS, RESTRICTIONS: Do not feed or graze turf grass grown for seed or sod production for 8 weeks following application.
Hand-held equipment may be used for spot treatment of unwanted vegetation growing in existing turf grass.
APPLY WATER CARRIER VOLUMES OF 3 TO 10 GALLONS PER ACRE FOR GROUND APPLICATIONS AND 3 TO 5 GALLONS PER ACRE FOR AERIAL APPLICATIONS.
Apply to actively growing annual weeds. Annual weeds are generally easiest to control when they are small.
Older, mature (hardened) annual weed species may require higher rates even if they meet the size requirements.
Do not tank mix with soil residual herbicides when using these rates unless otherwise specified.
For weeds that have been mowed, grazed or cut, allow regrowth to occur prior to treatment.
This product may be used up to 48 fluid ounces per acre where heavy weed densities exist.
- Brome, downy: For control of downy brome in no-till systems, use 24 fluid ounces per acre.
- Brome, downy; Cheat; Rye, volunteer/cereal; Wheat: Performance is better if application is made before this weed reaches the boot stage of growth.
- Buckwheat, wild: Use 24 fluid ounces per acre of this product to control wild buckwheat in the cotyledon to 2-leaf stage. Use 32 fluid ounces per acre to control 2- to 4-leaf wild buckwheat. For improved control of wild buckwheat over 2 inches in size, use sequential treatments of 32 fluid ounces followed by 32 fluid ounces of this product per acre.
- Kochia: Do not treat kochia in the button stage.
- Thistle, Russian: Control of Russian thistle may vary based on environmental conditions and spray coverage. Whenever possible, a tank mixture with 2,4-D as described below may improve control.
- Horseweed/Marestail: For control and management of glyphosate resistant horseweed (marestail, Conyza canadensis) in cotton, corn, and soybeans see below section.
- Refer to the label for the specific rate for each weeds species.