COTTON (EXCEPT AZ AND CA) - PREPLANT - SILTY CLAY LOAM, SANDY CLAY

General Information

GENERAL INFORMATION
Karmex DF is not to be used on turfgrass at residential sites (including homes, apartment complexes, condominium grounds, daycare facilities, schools, parks, recreational areas, and sports fields).

Use of this product in certain portions of California, Oregon, and Washington is subject to the January 22, 2004, Order for injunctive relief in Washington Toxics Coalition, et.al.v.EP, C01-0132C, (W.D.WA).For further information, please refer to http://www.epa.gov/espp/ litstatus/wtc/.

Karmex DF is a dispersible granule to be mixed with water and applied as a spray for selective control of weeds in certain crops and for non-selective weed control on non-cropland areas. It is non-corrosive to equipment, non-flammable, and non-volatile.

Karmex DF may be applied to soil prior to emergence of weeds to control susceptible weed seedlings for an extended period of time. The degree of control and duration of effect will vary with the amount of chemical applied, soil texture, rainfall, and other conditions. Soils high in clay or organic matter require higher dosages than soils low in clay or organic matter for equivalent herbicide performance. Moisture is required to activate the herbicide. Best results occur if rainfall (or sprinkler irrigation) occurs within 2 weeks of application.

Karmex DF applied before emergence of crop and weeds is an effective procedure because susceptible weeds are controlled in an early, vulnerable seedling stage before they compete with the crop. With favorable moisture conditions, Karmex DF continues to control weeds for some time as the crop becomes better able to compete. Should weed seedlings begin to break through the preemergence treatment in significant numbers, secondary weed control procedures should be implemented; these include cultivation and postemergence herbicide application.

Karmex DF may also be used to control emerged weeds. Results vary with rate applied and environmental conditions. Best results are obtained on succulent weeds growing under conditions of high humidity and temperature of 70°F or higher. Addition of a surfactant to the spray (where recommended) increases contact effects of Karmex DF.
Karmex DF may be used as a directed postemergence application. Contact of crop foliage and/or fruit with spray or mist must be avoided on the following crops: artichoke, corn (field), cotton, sorghum (grain), sugarcane, and established plantings of apples, bananas, plantains, blueberries, caneberries, gooseberries, citrus, grapes,

macadamia nuts, olives, papayas, peaches, pears, pecans, walnuts, and certain tree plantings as injury may occur.
Under specified conditions (see RECOMMENDED USES), Karmex DF without surfactant may be applied over the top of alfalfa (established, dormant, or semi dormant), asparagus (established), birdsfoot trefoil (established, dormant), grass seed crops (established), oats, red clover (established, dormant), sugarcane, wheat, and pineapple.
Weed species vary in susceptibility to Karmex DF and they may be more difficult to control when under stress. Combinations of Karmex DF with other herbicides (as registered) increase the number of weed species controlled. Consult labels of the companion product for this and other information. Observe all precautions and limitations on labeling of all products used in mixtures.

Since the effect of Karmex DF varies with soils, uniformity of application, and environmental conditions, it is suggested that growers limit their first use to small areas.

IMPORTANT USE PRECAUTIONS:
Injury to or loss of desirable trees or other plants may result from failure to observe the following: Draining or flushing equipment on or near desirable trees or other plants, or on areas where their roots may extend, or in locations where the chemical may be washed or moved into contact with their roots may injure these plants. Do not use on home plantings of trees, shrubs, or herbaceous plants or lawns, walks, driveways, tennis courts, or similar areas. Prevent drift of dry powder or spray to desirable plants. Do not contaminate any body of water. Do not mix/load or use near wells including abandoned wells, drainage wells, and sink holes. Avoid storage of pesticides near well sites. Calibrate sprayers only with clean water, away from well sites.

Thoroughly clean all traces of Karmex DF from application equipment immediately after use. Flush tank, pumps, hoses, and boom with several changes of water after removing nozzle tips and screens (clean parts separately).

CHEMIGATION STATEMENT: Do not apply through any type of irrigation system.

RESISTANCE MANAGEMENT
Biotypes of certain weeds listed on this label are resistant to Karmex DF and other herbicides with the same mode of action, even at exaggerated application rates. Biotypes are naturally occurring individuals of a species that are identical in appearance but have slightly different genetic compositions; the mode of action of a herbicide is the chemical interaction that interrupts a biological process necessary for plant growth and development.

If weed control is unsatisfactory, it may be necessary to retreat problem areas using a product with a different mode of action.

If resistant weed biotypes are suspected or known to be present, use a combination of tillage, retreatment, tank-mix partners, and/or sequential herbicide applications with Karmex DF to help control these biotypes, or use a planned herbicide rotation program where other herbicides having different modes of action are used.

APPLICATION DIRECTIONS
AERIAL APPLICATION: For alfalfa, barley (winter), cotton (preplant or preemergence only), grass seed crops (PNW only), sugarcane, wheat (winter), and rights-of-way, application may be made by aircraft at 5 to 10 gallons of water per acre unless otherwise noted. Avoid overlapping of spray swath and avoid application under conditions where excessive drift may occur. Where land is bedded, make application parallel to rows.
Aerial application is prohibited on sites not specifically listed in this section.

GROUND APPLICATION: Use a boom power sprayer properly calibrated to a constant speed and rate of delivery. Openings in screens should be 50 mesh or larger. Continuous agitation in the spray tank is required to keep the material in suspension.

Agitate by mechanical or hydraulic means. If bypass or return line is used, it should terminate at bottom of tank to minimize foaming. Avoid overlapping and shut off spray booms while starting, turning, slowing, or stopping, or injury to crop may result.

PREEMERGENCE: For preemergence application, use sufficient spray volume and pressure to uniformly distribute the spray solution over treated soil. Preemergence weed control will be reduced on high organic matter soils such as peat or muck.

POSTEMERGENCE: For postemergence application, use sufficient spray volume and pressure for thorough coverage of weed foliage. For selective applications and applications near sensitive crops, use low spray pressure to keep spray drift to a minimum. Karmex DF at recommended rates controls seedling annual weeds such as annual morningglory, barnyardgrass (watergrass), crabgrass, crowfoot, goosegrass, pigweed, and purslane. Addition of a surfactant to the spray (where recommended) increases contact effects of Karmex DF. Best results are obtained on succulent weeds growing under conditions of high humidity and temperatures over 70°F or higher.

SPRAY PREPARATION: Mix proper amount of Karmex DF into necessary volume of water. Where use of surfactant is recommended, dilute with ten parts of water and add as last ingredient to nearly full spray tank.

TANK MIXTURES: Karmex DF may be tank mixed with other herbicides and/or adjuvants registered for crop or noncrop use in this label. Refer to the label of the tank mix product(s) for any additional use instructions or restrictions.

REPLANTING: Unless otherwise directed, do not replant treated areas to any crop within 2 years after last application as injury to subsequent crops may result.

Note: For crops grown in the arid west, reductions in normal irrigation practices for the crop in production or a summer fallow period without supplemental irrigation may require the crop rotation intervals to be extended.

When such conditions occur, a field bioassay should be completed prior to planting any desired crop. A successful bioassay means growing to maturity a test strip of the crops intended for production. The test crops strip should cross the entire field including knolls, low areas, and areas where any berms were located. The results of this bioassay may require the rotation intervals to be extended.

RATES: All rates of Karmex DF are expressed as broadcast rates. Where band applications are specified, use proportionately less. For example, use 1/3 of the broadcast rate when treating a 14-inch band where row spacing is 42 inches. Where a range of dosages is given, use the lower rate on coarse-textured soils low in clay or organic matter and the higher rate on the fine-textured soils high in clay or organic matter. For postemergence application, use the lower rate on smaller weeds and the higher rate on the larger weeds.

SOIL LIMITATIONS: Crop injury may result from failure to observe the following: Unless otherwise directed, do not use on sand, loamy sand, gravelly soils, or exposed sub-soils; nor on pecans where organic matter is less than 0.5%; nor on alfalfa, apples, artichoke, barley (winter), citrus, cotton, grapes, oats, olives, papayas, peaches, pears, sorghum, sugarcane, walnuts, and winter wheat where organic matter is less than 1%, nor on blueberries, birdsfoot trefoil, caneberries, gooseberries, macadamia nuts, and peppermint where organic matter is less than 2%.

FIELD CROPS: (See SOIL LIMITATIONS) A good seedbed must be prepared before preemergence use of Karmex DF as crop injury may result if application is made to ground which is cloddy or compacted resulting in improperly planted seed. Plant seed to depth specified. Unless otherwise directed, the surface of the soil should not be cultivated or disturbed after application of Karmex DF and before emergence of the crop as weed control may be reduced and crop injury may result. However, if moisture is insufficient to activate the herbicide, a shallow cultivation (rotary hoe preferred) should be made after emergence of crops while weeds are small enough to be controlled by mechanical means.

FRUIT AND NUT CROPS: (See SOIL LIMITATIONS) Unless otherwise directed, make single application per year as a directed spray avoiding contact of foliage and fruit with spray or drift. Do not graze livestock in treated orchards or groves.

Limitations, Restrictions, and Exceptions

COTTON

Use Precautions:

During a single crop season, do not exceed the following amount of Karmex DF per acre as injury to subsequent crops may result; 1 lb. on sandy loam, 1.8 lbs. on clay loam, and 2.75 lbs. on clay.

DO NOT SPRAY OVER THE TOP OF COTTON PLANTS.

Do not apply to sand or loamy sand soils.

Do not use on soils with less than 1% organic matter as crop injury may result.

Seedling disease may weaken plants and increase the possibility of injury from the use of trifluralin products followed by Karmex DF. These treatments should be used only in conjunction with a standard fungicide seed treatment plus a good supplemental soil fungicide program such as captan-PCNB mixture.

Do not use Karmex DF in preplant or preemergence applications where soil-applied organophosphate insecticides are used due to potential for severe cotton injury and possible stand loss.

Do not allow livestock to graze treated cotton.

Note: When using Karmex DF in a sequential treatment program, allow a minimum of 21 days between applications.

PREPLANT

Except Arizona and California: Karmex DF may be used for burndown of existing annual weeds and residual control of weeds prior to planting cotton. Complete any planned tillage prior to application. Apply herbicide treatments before weeds germinate or before weed seedlings are more than 2 inches tall. If weeds are emerged prior to application, the addition of a non-ionic surfactant is recommended. Tillage following application should be avoided to prevent incorporation of the herbicide into the cotton seed germination zone which may result in crop injury. Dragging treated soil from beds will concentrate the herbicide in middles and reduce residual weed control on the beds.

Apply Karmex DF at 1 to 2 lbs./Acre from 15 to 45 days prior to anticipated planting. Refer to the table below for use rates in preplant applications. Do not exceed suggested use rates for individual soil textures shown in the table below. If less than the maximum rate of application for a given soil is applied preplant, subsequent preemergence applications of Karmex DF may be made. However, the total combined application rate for Karmex DF applied preplant and preemergence may not exceed the maximum suggested use rate for either application method.

Preemergence application of herbicides with a similar mode of action to that of diuron following preplant application of Karmex DF may result in cotton injury. When preplant applications of Karmex DF are followed by preemergence applications of herbicides with a similar mode of action, for example of Meturon, Cotoron, or other products containing fluometuron, product containing fluometuron should be used at the minimum rate of application for the soil under consideration in order to reduce potential for crop injury. This is most critical where applications of Karmex DF are made less than 30 days preplant, on coarse-textured soils, and on soils low in organic matter. The risk of injury from preplant applications of Karmex DF is reduced where substantial rainfall (greater than 0.5 inch) occurs between application and planting. Read and follow any additional precautions on the Karmex DF label when using this product for preplant weed control in cotton.

Restricted Entry Interval

12 hours

Timings

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