SOYBEANS (EXCEPT CALIFORNIA) - REDUCED-TILL AND NO-TILL - COARSE
Observe all precautions and limitations on the labels of each product used in tank mixtures. Tank mixture partners must be registered in states where they are used.
Refer to and follow the label for each tank mix product used.
Do not apply under conditions which favor runoff or wind erosion of soil containing this product to non-target areas.
To prevent off-site movement due to runoff or wind erosion:
- Avoid treating powdery dry or light sand soils when conditions are favorable for wind erosion. Under these conditions, the soil surface should first be settled by rainfall or irrigation.
- Do not apply to impervious substrates, such as paved or highly compacted surfaces.
- Do not use tailwater from the first flood or furrow irrigation of treated fields to treat non-target crops, unless at least ½ inch of rainfall has occurred between application and the first irrigation.
Prepare no more spray mixture than is needed for the immediate operation. Thoroughly clean the spray equipment before using PreSidual. Vigorous agitation is necessary to maintain uniformity of the spray mixture. Maintain maximum agitation throughout the spraying operation. Do not allow spray mixture to stand overnight in the spray tank. Flush the spray equipment thoroughly following each use and apply the rinsate to a previously treated area.
Application in Water or Fluid Fertilizers
PreSidual Alone: Add ⅓ of the required amount of water or fluid fertilizer to the spray or mixing tank. With the agitator running, add PreSidual into the spray tank. Continue agitation while adding the remainder of the water or fluid fertilizer. Begin application of the spray solution after the PreSidual has completely dispersed in the water or fluid fertilizer. Maintain agitation until all of the mixture has been applied.
PreSidual + Tank Mixtures: Add ⅓ of the required amount of water or fluid fertilizer to the mix tank. Start the agitator running before adding any tank mix partners. In general, tank mix partners should be added in this order: products packaged in watersoluble packaging, wettable powders, wettable granules (dry flowables), liquid flowables, liquids such as PreSidual, and emulsifiable concentrates. Always allow each tank mix partner to become fully dispersed before adding the next product. Provide sufficient agitation while adding the remainder of the water. Maintain agitation until all of the mixture has been applied.
(1) When using PreSidual in tank mixtures, add all products in water-soluble packaging to the tank and mix with plain water before any other tank mix partner, including PreSidual. Allow the water-soluble packaging to completely dissolve and the product(s) to completely disperse before adding any other tank mix partner to the tank. (2) Watersoluble packets will not properly dissolve in most spray solutions that contain fluid fertilizers.
It is the pesticide user’s responsibility to ensure that all products in the listed mixtures are registered for the intended use. Users must follow the most restrictive directions for use and precautionary statements of each product in the tank mixture PreSidual. Do not exceed any label dosage rate. The most restrictive label precautions and limitations must be followed.
PreSidual is compatible with most common tank mix partners. However, the physical compatibility of PreSidual with tank mix partners should be tested before use. To determine the physical compatibility of PreSidual with other products, use a jar test, as described below.
A jar test is recommended before tank mixing to ensure compatibility of PreSidual with other pesticides. The following test assumes a spray volume of 25 gal./A. For other spray volumes, make appropriate changes in the ingredients.
Note: Nitrogen solutions or complete fluid fertilizers may replace all or part of the water in the spray. Because liquid fertilizers vary, even within the same analysis, always check compatibility with pesticide(s) before use. Incompatibility of tank mixtures is more common with suspensions of fertilizer and pesticides.
1. Add 1.0 pt. of carrier (fertilizer or water) to each of 2 one qt. jars with tight lids.
Note: Use the same source of water that will be used for the tank mix and conduct the test at the temperature the tank mix will be applied.
2. To one of the jars, add ¼ tsp. or 1.2 milliliters of a compatibility agent approved for this use, such as Compexc or Unite (¼ tsp. is equivalent to 2.0 pt./100 gal. spray). Shake or stir gently to mix.
3. To both jars, add the appropriate amount of pesticide(s) in their relative proportions based on listed label rates. If more than one pesticide is used, add them separately with dry pesticides first, flowables next, and emulsifiable concentrates last. After each addition, shake or stir gently to thoroughly mix.
4. After adding all ingredients, put lids on and tighten, and invert each jar ten times to mix. Let the mixtures stand 15-30 minutes and then look for separation, large flakes, precipitates, gels, heavy oily film on the jar, or other signs of incompatibility. Determine if the compatibility agent is needed in the spray mixture by comparing the two jars. If either mixture separates, but can be remixed readily, the mixture can be sprayed as long as good agitation is used. If the mixtures are incompatible, test the following methods of improving compatibility: (a) Slurry the dry pesticide(s) in water before addition, or (b) add ½ the compatibility agent to the fertilizer or water and the other ½ to the emulsifiable concentrate or flowable pesticide before addition to the mixture. If incompatibility is still observed, do not use the mixture.
5. After compatibility testing is complete, dispose of any pesticide wastes in accordance with the Storage and Disposal section in this label.
Ground Application: Apply PreSidual alone or in tank mixtures by ground equipment in a minimum of 10 gallons of spray mixture per acre, unless otherwise specified. Use sprayers that provide accurate and uniform application. Calibrate the sprayer before use at the beginning of the season. For PreSidual tank mixtures with wettable powder or dry flowable formulations, screens and strainers should be no finer than 50- mesh.
Center Pivot Irrigation Application
If chemigating, apply this product only through a center pivot irrigation system. Do not apply this product through any other type of irrigation system. Crop injury, lack of effectiveness, or illegal pesticide residues in the crop can result from non-uniform distribution of treated water. If you have questions about calibration, contact State Extension specialists, equipment manufacturers, or other experts. Do not connect an irrigation system (including greenhouse systems) used for pesticide application to a public water system, unless the pesticide label-prescribed safety devices for public water systems are in place. A person knowledgeable of the chemigation system and responsible for its operation, or under the supervision of the responsible person, shall shut the system down and make necessary adjustments should the need arise.
- The system must contain a functional check-valve, vacuum relief valve, and low pressure drain appropriately located on the irrigation pipeline to prevent watersource contamination from backflow.
- The pesticide injection pipeline must contain a functional, automatic, quick-closing check-valve to prevent the flow of fluid back toward the injection pump.
- The pesticide injection pipeline must also contain a functional, normally closed, solenoid-operated valve located on the intake side of the injection pump and connected to the system interlock to prevent fluid from being withdrawn from the supply tank when the irrigation system is either automatically or manually shut down.
- The system must contain functional interlocking controls to automatically shut off the pesticide injection pump when the water pump motor stops.
- The irrigation line or water pump must include a functional pressure switch which will stop the water pump motor when the water pressure decreases to the point where pesticide distribution is adversely affected.
- Systems must use a metering pump, such as a positive displacement injection pump (e.g., diaphragm pump or piston pump), effectively designed and constructed of materials that are compatible with pesticides and capable of being fitted with a system interlock.
- Do not apply when wind speed favors drift beyond the area intended for treatment.
- Prepare a mixture with a minimum of 1 part water to 1 part herbicide(s) and inject this mixture into the center pivot system. Injecting a larger volume of a more dilute mixture per hour will usually provide more accurate calibration of metering equipment. Maintain sufficient agitation to keep the herbicide in suspension.
- Meter into irrigation water during entire period of water application.
- Apply in ½-1 inch of water. Use the lower water volume (½ inch) on coarse-textured soils and the higher volume (1 inch) on fine-textured soils. More than 1 inch of water at application may reduce weed control by moving the herbicide below the effective zone in the soil.
Precaution for center pivot applications: Where sprinkler distribution patterns do not overlap sufficiently, unacceptable weed control may result. Where sprinkler distribution patterns overlap excessively, crop injury may result.
Aerial Application: Apply PreSidual in water using a minimum spray volume of 2 gal./A. Avoid application under conditions where uniform coverage cannot be obtained or where excessive spray drift may occur. Make applications at a maximum height of 10 ft. above the crop with low-drift nozzles at a maximum pressure of 40 psi.
Do not apply this product in a way that will contact workers or other persons, either directly or through drift. Only protected handlers may be in the area during application.
Cleaning Equipment After Application
Because some non-labeled crops are sensitive to low rates of PreSidual, special attention must be given to cleaning equipment before spraying a crop other than those registered for use and on this label. Mix only as much spray solution as needed.
Immediately after spraying, clean equipment thoroughly using the following procedure:
1. Flush tank, hoses, boom, and nozzles with clean water.
2. Prepare a cleaning solution of one gal. of household ammonia per 50 gal. of water. Many commercial spray tank cleaners may be used as well. Consult your Syngenta representative for a partial listing of approved tank cleaners and more information about proper tank cleaning procedures. Do not use chlorine-based cleaners such as Clorox.
3. When available, use a pressure washer to clean the inside of the spray tank with this solution. Take care to wash all parts of the tank, including the inside top surface. Completely fill the sprayer with the cleaning solution to ensure contact of the cleaning solution with all internal surfaces of the tank and plumbing. Start agitation in the sprayer and thoroughly re-circulate the cleaning solution for at least 15 minutes. All visible deposits must be removed from the spraying system.
4. Flush hoses, spray lines, and nozzles for at least one minute with the cleaning solution.
5. Dispose of rinsate from steps 1-3 as described under the Environmental Hazards section of the Precautionary Statements.
6. Repeat steps 2-5.
7. Remove nozzles, screens, and strainers and clean separately in the ammonia cleaning solution after completing the above procedures.
8. Rinse the complete spraying system with clean water.
Impregnation Onto Dry Bulk Granular Fertilizers
Many dry bulk granular fertilizers may be impregnated or coated with PreSidual and used to control weeds. When applying PreSidual with dry bulk fertilizers, follow all directions for use and precautions on the PreSidual label regarding target crops, rates per acre, soil texture, application methods, and rotational crops.
Complying with all individual state regulations relating to dry bulk granular fertilizer blending, registration, labeling, and application is the responsibility of the individual and/or company selling the herbicide/fertilizer mixture.
Prepare the herbicide/fertilizer mixture by using any closed drum, belt, ribbon, or other commonly used dry bulk fertilizer blender. Nozzles used to spray PreSidual onto the fertilizer must be spaced to provide uniform spray coverage. Take care to aim the spray onto the fertilizer only, avoiding the walls of the blender.
If the herbicide/fertilizer mixture is too wet, add a highly absorptive material, such as Agsorb FG or Celatom MP-79, or similar granular clay or diatomaceous earth materials, to obtain a dry, free-flowing mixture. Add absorptive materials only after the herbicide has been thoroughly blended into the fertilizer mixture. Best application results will be obtained by using a granule of 6/30 particle size or of a size similar to that of the fertilizer materials being used. Generally, less than 2% by weight of absorptive material will be needed. Avoid using more than 5% absorptive material by weight.
Pneumatic (Compressed Air) Application
High humidity, high urea concentrations, low fertilizer use rates, and dusty fertilizer may cause fertilizer mixtures to build up or plug the distributor head, air tubes, or nozzle deflector plates. To minimize buildup, premix PreSidual with Exxon Aromatic 200 at a rate of 2.0-2.5 pt./gal. of PreSidual. Aromatic 200 is a noncombustible/nonflammable petroleum product. Aromatic 200 may be used in either a fertilizer blender or through direct injection systems. Drying agents should not be used when using Aromatic 200.
Restrictions: (1) Mixtures of PreSidual and Aromatic 200 must be used on dry fertilizer only. Poor results or crop injury may result if these mixtures are used in water or liquid fertilizer solutions for spraying applications. (2) When impregnating PreSidual in a blender before application, a drier mixture can be obtained by substituting a drying agent for Aromatic 200. The use of Agsorb FG or another drying agent of 6/30 particle size is recommended. (3) Drying agents are not recommended for use with OnTheGo impregnation equipment.
Precautions: To avoid potential for explosion, (1) Do not impregnate PreSidual on ammonium nitrate, potassium nitrate, or sodium nitrate, either alone or in blends with other fertilizers. (2) Do not combine PreSidual with a single superphosphate (1200) or treble superphosphate (0-46-0). (3) Do not use PreSidual on straight limestone, since absorption will not be achieved. Fertilizer blends containing limestone can be impregnated.
Application of Impregnated Dry Bulk Granular Fertilizer
Apply 200-700 lb. of the herbicide/fertilizer mixture per acre. For best results, apply the mixture uniformly to the soil with properly calibrated equipment immediately after blending. Uniform application of the herbicide/fertilizer mixture is essential in order to prevent possible crop injury to subsequent rotational crops. Non-uniform application may also result in unsatisfactory weed control. In areas where conventional tillage is practiced, a shallow incorporation of the mixture into the soil is recommended to obtain satisfactory weed control. On fine- or medium-textured soils in areas where soil incorporation is not planned, i.e., reduced-tillage situations or in some conventional till situations, make applications approximately 30 days before planting to allow moisture to move the herbicide/fertilizer mixture into the soil. On coarse-textured soils, make applications approximately 14 days prior to planting.
Precautions: To help avoid rotational crop injury, make applications as early as possible, since PreSidual impregnated onto dry bulk fertilizers can be expected to last longer in the soil than PreSidual applied as a spray in water or fluid fertilizer.
If replanting is necessary in fields previously treated with PreSidual, the field may be replanted to soybeans or potatoes. Before replanting, refer to the specific crop use sections for precautions and restrictions.
A small amount of rainfall or irrigation is required to activate PreSidual following application. In areas of low rainfall, follow a preemergence application with light irrigation of ¼ to ½ inch of water. Do not apply heavy irrigation immediately after application. As with many surface-applied herbicides, weed control and crop tolerance may vary with rainfall and/or soil texture.
SOYBEANS (EXCEPT CALIFORNIA)
PreSidual may be applied preplant surface, preplant incorporated, preemergence, or as a sequential application to control weeds listed on this label.
Grazing and Feeding Treated Soybean Plants
Treated soybean plants may be grazed or fed to livestock 40 days after the last application of PreSidual.
Where a rate range is shown, use a lower rate on soils that are coarse-textured and/or low in organic matter. Use a higher rate on soils that are relatively fine-textured and/or high in organic matter.
If replanting is necessary in fields previously treated with PreSidual, the field may be replanted to soybeans. A minimum of tillage is recommended. Do not apply a second treatment as injury to soybeans may occur.
Injury to soybeans or reduced weed control may occur when PreSidual is used under the following conditions; these conditions should be avoided wherever possible.
- When soils have a calcareous surface area or a pH of 7.5 or higher.
- Due to the sensitivity of certain soybean varieties, PreSidual is not recommended for use on Altona, AP 55, AP 71, Asgrow 6520, Burlison, Coker 102, Coker 156, Dassel, GL 3202, Govan, Maple Amber, NB 3665, NKS 1884, Paloma 350, Portage, Regal, Semmes, Terra-Vig 505, Terra-Vig 606, Tracy, Vansoy, and Vinton 81. If you choose to plant a newly released soybean variety, consult your seed supplier for information on its tolerance to metribuzin (an active ingredient in PreSidual) before using PreSidual.
- When applied in conjunction with soil-applied organic phosphate pesticides.
- Uneven application or improper incorporation of PreSidual can decrease the level of weed control and/or increase the level of crop injury.
- When applied to any soil with less than 0.5% organic matter.
- Where soil incorporation is deeper than recommended.
- When sprayers were not calibrated accurately.
- When heavy rains occur soon after application, especially in poorly drained areas where water may stand for several days.
- When soybeans are planted less than 1-½” deep, particularly when PreSidual is applied preemergence.
- Where high soil levels of atrazine are present.
- When using poor quality soybean seed.
ReSidual Use Rates For Reduced and No-Till Systems
Preplant Surface Application
PreSidual may be used in reduced-till and no-till systems. Applications may be made up to 30 days before planting or after planting, but before soybean emergence.
Residual herbicides such as Canopy, FirstRate, Scepter, Command, Python, and Prowl may be tank mixed for additional weed control. If weeds are present at time of application, burndown herbicides may be added to the tank mixes (see Burndown Weed Control section). Refer to the tank mix product labels for specific rates and use directions.
- Use low rate range for low residue level or soils with less than 3% organic matter. Use the higher rate range for high residue level or soils with greater than 3% organic matter.
- Do not use on sand soils. On coarse-textured soils, do not use on loamy sand soils with less than 2% organic matter.
- Silty clay loam soils are transitional soils and may be classified as medium-textured soils in some regions of the U.S. When using PreSidual, treat this soil as “fine textured.”