FORAGE AND GRAIN SORGHUM (MILO) - MEDIUM - 1.5% OR MORE ORGANIC MATTER
WARRANT Herbicide is for control of the annual grasses and broadleaf weeds listed in the “WEEDS CONTROLLED” section of this label. This product will not control emerged seedlings. This product is to be applied preplant, at-planting, preemergence, and/or postemergence to the labeled crops and preemergence to the weeds. Read and carefully observe precautionary statements and all other information appearing on the labeling of all products used in mixtures and sequential treatments.
Not for Sale, Sale Into, Distribution and/or Use in Nassau and Suffolk Counties of New York State.
This chemical demonstrates the properties and characteristics associated with chemicals detected in ground water. The use of this chemical in areas where soils are permeable, particularly where the ground water is shallow, may result in ground water contamination. On the following soil types, do not apply this product within 50 feet of any well where the depth to ground water is 30 feet or less: sands with less than 3 percent organic matter; loamy sands with less than 2 percent organic matter; or sandy loams with less than 1 percent organic matter. See the figure for additional clarification.
This product may not be mixed or loaded within 50 feet of any wells (including abandoned wells and drainage wells), sink holes, perennial or intermittent streams and rivers, and natural or impounded lakes and reservoirs. This setback does not apply to properly capped or plugged abandoned wells and does not apply to impervious pad or properly diked mixing/loading areas.
Operations that involve mixing, loading, rinsing, or washing of this product into or from pesticide handling or application equipment or containers within 50 feet of any well are prohibited unless conducted on an impervious pad constructed to withstand the weight of the heaviest load that may be positioned on or moved across the pad. Such a pad shall be designed and maintained to contain any product spills or equipment leaks, container or equipment rinse or washwater, and rainwater that may fall on pad. Surface water shall not be allowed to either flow over or from the pad, which means the pad must be self-contained. The pad shall be sloped to facilitate material removal. An unroofed pad shall be of sufficient capacity to contain a minimum of 110 percent of the capacity of the largest pesticide container or application equipment on the pad. A pad that is covered by a roof of sufficient size to completely exclude precipitation from contact with the pad shall have a minimum containment capacity of 100 percent of the capacity of the largest pesticide container or application equipment on the pad. Containment capacities as described above shall be maintained at all times. The above specified minimum containment capacities do not apply to vehicles when delivering pesticide shipments to the mixing/loading site. States may have in effect additional requirements regarding wellhead setbacks and operational containment.
Maximum Application Rates: The maximum application or use rates stated throughout this label are given in units of volume (fluid ounces or quarts) of this product per acre. However, the maximum allowed application rates, apply to this product combined with the use of any and all other herbicides containing the active ingredient acetochlor, whether applied separately or in a tank mixture, on a basis of total pounds of acetochlor per acre. If more than one acetochlor-containing product is applied to the same site within the same year, do not exceed the allowed maximum total of 3 pounds per acre of acetochlor. See the “INGREDIENTS” section of this label for necessary product information.
Do not flood irrigate to apply or incorporate this product.
Product must be used in a manner which will prevent back siphoning into wells, spills or improper disposal of excess pesticide, spray mixtures or rinsates.
Make applications of this product soon after preparing the spray mixture. Applications made using spray solutions of this product which have been allowed to stand or have been stored in application equipment or the mix tank for an extended period of time could result in crop injury.
Do not make postemergence surface applications using sprayable fluid fertilizer as the carrier because severe crop injury may occur.
Do not apply this product through any type of irrigation system except under conditions specified on this label, or otherwise directed on separately published supplemental labeling for this product in possession of the user at the time of application.
Do not apply this product using center pivot equipment except under the conditions specified in the Center Pivot Application Equipment section of this label, or on separately published center pivot application supplemental labeling for this product in possession of the user at the time of application.
Disposal of excess pesticide, spray mixtures or rinsate must be according to label use instructions or according to the State Pesticide or Environmental Control Agency or the Hazardous Waste representative at the nearest EPA regional office.
Do not apply under conditions which favor runoff or wind erosion of soil containing this product to non-target areas. To prevent off-site movement due to runoff or wind erosion:
- Avoid treating powdery dry or light sandy soils when conditions are favorable for wind erosion. Under these conditions, the soil surface must first be settled by rainfall or irrigation.
- Do not apply to impervious substrates such as paved or highly compacted surfaces or frozen or snow-covered soils.
- Do not use tailwater from the first flood or furrow irrigation of treated fields to treat non-target crops unless at least 1/2 inch of rainfall has occurred between application and the first irrigation.
Do not apply this product using aerial application equipment except under the conditions specified, and only in the states listed in the Aerial Application Equipment section of this label, or only in other states listed in separately published aerial application supplemental labeling for this product, in possession of the user at the time of application.
Do not apply when wind conditions favor drift to non-target sites. To minimize spray drift to non-target areas:
- Use low-pressure application equipment capable of producing a large droplet spray. Do not use nozzles that produce a fine droplet spray. Minimize drift by using sufficient spray volume to ensure adequate coverage with large droplet size sprays.
- Keep ground driven spray boom as low as possible above the target surface.
- Make application when the wind velocity favors on-target product deposition (approximately 3 to 10 miles per hour). Do not apply when wind velocity exceeds 15 miles per hour. Avoid application when gusts approach 15 miles per hour.
- Low humidity and high temperatures increase the likelihood of spray drift to sensitive areas. Avoid spraying during conditions of low humidity and/or high temperatures. Do not apply during inversion conditions.
Use of this product not consistent with this label may result in injury to persons, animals or crops, or other unintended consequences.
Flush sprayer with clean water after use.
Dry weather may reduce effectiveness of this product. Cultivate if weeds develop.
Replanting and Rotational Crops
Replanting After Crop Loss
If a crop treated with this product is lost, the crops listed below may be replanted immediately. Immediate replanting of any of the crops listed could result in crop injury.
These crops include:
- field corn, seed corn, silage corn, popcorn
- milo (sorghum)
When replanting milo (sorghum) use only seed properly treated with seed protectant or safener.
Do not exceed the annual maximum total of 3.0 pounds per acre of acetochlor active ingredient if additional acetochlor is applied in the replanted crop.
Non-food and non-feed cover crops may be planted after the harvest of a crop treated with this product, as a means of soil improvement, erosion control, or weed suppression. However, injury to cover crops may occur, as all possible cover crops have not been evaluated for tolerance to this product.
Cover crops should be tilled or controlled with application of a non-selective herbicide prior to or at the next planting of any crop listed on this product label.
Restriction: If the cover crop is maintained, do not graze or harvest cover crops for food or animal feed for a minimum of 18 months following last application of Warrant Herbicide.
Observe the following rotational planting intervals after the last application of Warrant Herbicide.
- Nongrass animal feeds such as clover, kudzu, lespedeza, lupin, sainfoin, trefoil, velvet bean, and Vetch spp. may be planted 9 months after application.
- Wheat (Triticum spp.) may be planted 4 months after application.
Rotate the next spring to the following crops:
- Cereal Grains:
Barley, Buckwheat, Millet (pearl and proso), Oats, Rice, Rye, Teosinte, Triticale, and Wild rice
- Dried shelled pea and bean (except soybean) subgroup:
Restriction: Do not rotate to any species or variety of succulent bean or pea.
Lupinus spp.: grain lupin, sweet lupin, white lupin, white sweet lupin;
Phaseolus spp.: field bean, kidney bean, lima bean, navy bean, pinto bean, and tepary bean;
Vigna spp.: adzuki bean, blackeyed pea, catjang, cowpea, Crowder pea, moth bean, mung bean, rice bean, southern pea and urd bean;
Broad bean; chickpea; guar; lablab bean; lentil; pea (Pisum spp., includes field pea); pigeon pea.
Potato (Solanum tuberosum) (does not include Sweet Potato)
WEED RESISTANCE MANAGEMENT
Acetochlor, the active ingredient in this product, is a Group 15 herbicide based on the mode of action classification system of the Weed Science Society of America. Any weed population can contain plants that are naturally resistant to Group 15 herbicides. Weeds resistant to Group 15 herbicides can be effectively managed by using another herbicide from a different Group (either alone or in a mixture according to label directions), by using other cultural or mechanical methods of weed control, or by a combination of the two.
Consult your local company representative, state cooperative extension agent, professional consultant or other qualified authority to determine appropriate actions for controlling specific resistant weeds.
Weed Management Practices
Resistant populations arise when rare individual plants are uncontrolled by a normal dose of a given herbicide under normal environmental conditions. In the absence of other control measures these individuals survive, produce seed, and eventually become the dominant biotype in the field through continuous selection. The best means of reducing this selection is to use diverse weed control practices such as multiple herbicides with different mechanisms of action for the target weed, and often in combination with various mechanical and cultural practices.
To minimize the occurrence of herbicide-resistant biotypes, including those resistant to Group 15 herbicides, implement the following weed management practice options that are practical to your situation. These management practices are applicable to reduce the spread of confirmed resistant biotypes (managing existing resistant biotypes) and to reduce the potential for selecting for resistance in new species (proactive resistance management).
- Use a diversified approach toward weed management focused on preventing weed seed production and reducing the number of weed seeds in the soil.
- Plant crops into fields that are as weed-free as possible and then keep them as weed-free as possible.
- Plant crop seed that is as weed-free as possible.
- Scout fields routinely, before and after herbicide application.
- Use multiple herbicide modes of action that are effective against the most troublesome weeds in your field and against those with known resistance.
- Apply herbicides at application rates listed on the label when weeds are within the size range indicated on the label.
- Emphasize cultural practices that suppress weeds by using crop competitiveness.
- Use mechanical and biological weed management practices where appropriate.
- Prevent field-to-field and within-field movement of weed seed or vegetative propagules.
- Manage weed seed at harvest and after harvest to prevent a buildup of the weed seedbank.
Management of Herbicide-Resistant Biotypes
Appropriate testing is needed to determine if a weed is resistant to Group 15 herbicides. Call 1-800-768-6387 or contact your Monsanto representative or your local State Cooperative Extension Agency to determine if resistance in any particular weed biotype has been confirmed in your area, or visit on the Internet www.weedresistancemanagement.com or www.weedscience.org.
Specifically, glyphosate resistant weeds can be controlled or managed by applying this product in combination with herbicides labeled for control of the targeted weed in the crops specified on this label. For more information, see the “WEEDS CONTROLLED” section of this label.
Since the occurrence of resistant weeds is difficult to detect prior to use, Monsanto accepts no liability for any losses that result from the failure of this product to control resistant weeds.
Applicators must evaluate soil conditions carefully to assure that they choose the correct label rate.
The use rates of this product and the other herbicides labeled for use in tank mixtures with this product vary with soil texture. Unless soil texture is specifically named, rate tables throughout this label refer to only three soil textural groups: coarse, medium and fine.
Ground Broadcast Treatment
Apply this product and the labeled tank mixtures in 10 or more gallons of solution per acre using broadcast boom equipment. Do not apply during periods of gusty winds, when winds are in excess of 15 miles per hour or when other conditions favoring drift exist.
Aerial Application Equipment: Fixed-Wing and Helicopter
Unless otherwise prohibited, all applications of WARRANT Herbicide described on this label or in separately published supplemental labeling for this product may be made using aerial application equipment where appropriate, provided that the applicator complies with the precautions and restrictions specified on this label and on separate supplemental labeling published for this product.
Aerial applications of this product may be made in the following listed states only, or only in other states listed on seperately published aerial application supplemental labeling for this product:
Alabama, Arkansas, Colorado, Georgia, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, North Carolina, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, and Virginia
Center Pivot Application Equipment
All treatments described on this label or separately published supplemental labeling for this product may be made using center pivot irrigation equipment where appropriate, provided that the applicator complies with the precautions and restrictions specified on this label and in separate supplemental labeling published for this product.
This product alone or in tank mixture with other herbicides on this label, which are registered for center pivot application, may be applied using center pivot irrigation systems. Do not apply this product through any other type of irrigation system.
Ensure that the soil type and depth to ground water comply with the following restriction. On the following soil types, do not apply this product within 50 feet of any well where the depth to ground water is 30 feet or less: sands with less than 3 percent organic matter; loamy sands with less than 2 percent organic matter; or sandy loams with less than 1 percent organic matter.
Crop injury, lack of effectiveness, or illegal pesticide residues in the crop can result from non-uniform distribution of treated water. Use only in systems that apply uniformly.
If you have questions about calibration, you should contact State Extension Service specialists, equipment manufacturers or other experts.
Do not chemigate through systems connected to a public water system.
A person knowledgeable of the chemigation system and responsible for its operation, or under the supervision of the responsible person, shall shut the system down and make necessary adjustments should the need arise. Do not apply when system connections or fittings leak, when nozzles do not provide uniform distribution or when the line containing the product must be dismantled and drained.
The system must contain a functional check valve, vacuum relief valve and low-pressure drain appropriately located on the irrigation pipeline to prevent water source contamination from back flow.
The pesticide injection pipeline must contain a functional, automatic, quick-closing check valve to prevent the flow of fluid back toward the injection pump.
The pesticide injection pipeline must also contain a functional, normally closed, solenoid operated valve located on the intake side of the injection pump and connected to the system interlock to prevent fluid from being withdrawn from the supply tank when the irrigation system is either automatically or manually shut down.
The system must contain functional interlocking controls to automatically shut off the pesticide injection pump when the water pump motor stops.
The irrigation line or water pump must include a functional pressure switch that will stop the water pump motor when the water pressure decreases to the point where pesticide distribution is adversely affected.
Systems must use a metering pump, such as a positive displacement injection pump (e.g., diaphragm pump) effectively designed and constructed of materials that are compatible with pesticides and capable of being fitted with a systems interlock. Pumps, injection equipment, agitation equipment, hoses and connections between supply tank and the point of injection must be constructed of materials which are resistant to this product.
Meter this product or a labeled tank-mixture of this product into the center pivot irrigation system after planting and before crop emergence. Herbicide application should be made in 1/2 to 3/4 inch of water per acre. Do not apply in more than 3/4 inch of water per acre under any conditions or reduced performance may occur. On very sandy soils (more than 60 percent sand and less than 1 percent organic matter), use a maximum of 1/2 inch water per acre. Good agitation must be maintained during the entire application period. Flush the system with water when application is complete. Refer to the “MIXING, SPRAYING AND HANDLING” section of the label for mixing procedures.
Do not apply this product in a tank-mixture through center pivot irrigation unless the treatment is specifically recommended on the label of the tank mixture product.
Delay cultivation after application of this product for as long as possible unless weeds or grasses emerge. Shallowly cultivate or rotary hoe immediately if weeds or grasses emerge. If cultivation is necessary because of soil crusting or compaction, set equipment shallow and minimize lateral soil movement to avoid dilution or displacement of the herbicide treatment.
APPLICATION TIMING AND METHODS
Preplant, At-Planting, and Preemergence Surface Application
Where specified, applications of this product may be made prior to planting, at-planting, or prior to emergence of the crops listed on this label or in separately published supplemental labeling. WARRANT Herbicide will not control emerged weeds so it must be applied to a weed-free soil surface or in a tank-mixture with products that provide postemergence control of weeds at the time of application. Read and follow all restrictions and directions on tank-mix product labels. Precipitation or overhead sprinkler irrigation is required after application to move the herbicide into the weed germination zone to control un-emerged weeds. The amount of precipitation or irrigation required depends on existing soil moisture, soil type and percent organic matter content, but 1/2 to 3/4 inch is normally adequate. Do not utilize mechanical incorporation unless specifically recommended on this label or on separately published supplemental labeling for this product. If weeds emerge after treatment, rotary hoe or shallowly cultivate to control weeds.
Postemergence Surface Application
Postemergence surface applications of this product must be made postemergence to the crop but prior to weed seedling emergence or in a tank mixture that controls emerged weeds. WARRANT Herbicide will not control emerged weeds so it must be applied to a weed-free soil surface or in a tank-mixture with products that provide postemergence control of weeds at the time of application. Read and follow all restrictions and directions on tank-mix product labels. Precipitation or overhead sprinkler irrigation is required after application to move the herbicide into the weed germination zone to control un-emerged weeds. The amount of precipitation or irrigation required depends on existing soil moisture, soil type and percent organic matter content, but 1/2 to 3/4 inch is normally adequate. If weeds emerge after treatment, rotary hoe or shallowly cultivate to control weeds.
NOTE: DO NOT make postemergence surface applications using sprayable fluid fertilizer as the carrier because severe crop injury may occur.
FORAGE AND GRAIN SORGHUM (MILO)
Preplant Incorporated, Preemergence, or Postemergence in Sorghum
This product, when applied preplant incorporated, preemergence, or postemergence in sorghum, as one or two applications, will provide preemergence control or reduced competition of the annual grasses and broadleaf weeds listed in the “WEEDS CONTROLLED” section of the label. If weeds are emerged at time of application, apply a labeled postemergence herbicide with this product to control the emerged weeds. Observe the directions for use, precautions and restrictions on the label of the postemergence herbicide.
Preplant Incorporated and preemergence applications of this product must be made ONLY to sorghum planted with seed that has been properly treated with seed protectant or safener. Application rates from the table below should be based on the soil texture and the tolerance of the sorghum hybrid.
NOTE: In Texas, use only in the Panhandle area and the fine-textured soils of the Gulf Coast and the Blacklands. In the Texas Panhandle and Oklahoma Panhandle, do not apply preplant incorporated.
Approved Application Systems
Ground: Broadcast boom
Aerial: Fixed-wing and helicopter. Allowed in selected states only - see Aerial Application Equipment, Section 8.2 of the label for more information.
Approved Application Methods
Preplant Incorporated; Preemergence Surface; Postemergence Surface
Apply this product preplant incorporated, preemergence, or postemergence to sorghum before the crop exceeds 11 inches in height (in general, 5 to 6 leaf sorghum). This product will not control emerged weeds, therefore, emerged weeds must be controlled by a labeled postemergence herbicide or cultural means. If sorghum seed is not properly treated with seed protectant or safener, preplant and preemergence applications of WARRANT Herbicide will severely injure the crop.