PERENNIAL WEEDS - PAMPASGRASS/ICEPLANT

General Information

GENERAL INFORMATION

DO NOT ALLOW CONTACT WITH EXPOSED NON-WOODY ROOTS, FRUIT, FOLIAGE OR GREEN STEMS OF DESIRABLE TREES AND PLANTS AS SEVERE PLANT INJURY OR DESTRUCTION COULD RESULT.

Use only in accordance with instructions on the label. Read the entire label before use, including the LIMITED WARRANTY, TERMS OF SALE, AND LIMITATIONS OF LIABILITY section. If the terms in this section are not acceptable, immediately return unopened product. Glyphosate T&O IS AN END-USE PRODUCT AND IS NOT REGISTERED FOR REFORMULATION.

DO NOT APPLY Glyphosate T&O BY AIR, EXCEPT UNDER SPECIFIC CONDITIONS LISTED WITHIN THE LABEL.

Glyphosate T&O is a water soluble liquid that readily mixes with water for application as a foliar spray to control or destroy most herbaceous plants. This product can be applied by using most standard industrial or field-type sprayers after it is diluted and thoroughly mixed with water.

Glyphosate T&O works by moving through the plant from where it contacts the foliage to and into the root system. Within 2 to 4 days, visible effects on most annual weeds are apparent; however, effects may not be visible on most perennial weeds for 7 days or more. Effectiveness and visual effects of this product may be slower if very cool or cloudy weather follows treatment. A gradual wilting and yellowing of the plant will be visible, which then advances to total browning of all aboveground growth and deterioration of underground plant parts.

Unless stated otherwise within the label, application should be delayed until vegetation has emerged and has reached the specific stages described for control of vegetation under the WEEDS CONTROLLED sections of the label. Unemerged plants that arise from unattached underground rhizomes or root stocks of perennials are not affected by Glyphosate T&O, and will keep growing. Because of this, treatment should be made at late growth stages (approaching maturity) for best control of the majority of perennial weeds.

Always apply the higher rate of this product per acre within recommended ranges when weed growth is heavy or dense, or, when weeds are growing in a noncultivated, nondisturbed area.

Reduced weed control may result if weeds are treated when drought stress, insect damage, or disease is present. Additionally, if weeds are heavily covered with dust, reduced weed control will result.

Effectiveness may be reduced if applications are made to annual or perennial weeds that have been grazed, mowed or otherwise cut, unless they have been permitted to regrow to their recommended stages for treatment.

If rainfall or irrigation occurs within 6 hours of application, reduced effectiveness may result. Heavy irrigation or rainfall within 2 hours of application may wash off the chemical from foliage. In this case, a repeat treatment may be required.

Glyphosate T&O does not provide residual weed control. Use a label approved herbicide program if subsequent residual weed control is desired. Users must read and carefully observe all cautionary statements and all other information on labels of all herbicides used.

NOTE: Buyer and users are responsible for all losses or damage resulting from the use and/or handling of mixtures of Glyphosate T&O with herbicides or other materials that are not specifically recommended on this product label. Reduced performance may result if users mix Glyphosate T&O with other herbicides or other products not recommended on the label.

Best results are obtained with uniform and complete spray coverage.

However, DO NOT spray weed foliage to the extent of runoff.

DOMESTIC ANIMALS: Glyphosate T&O is considered to be relatively nontoxic to dogs and other domestic animals. Note, however, that ingestion of this product, or of large amounts of vegetation that has been freshly sprayed with this product, may cause temporary gastrointestinal irritation, such as diarrhea, colic, vomiting, etc. If these symptoms are observed, the animal should be given plenty of fluids in order to prevent dehydration. A veterinarian should be contacted in the event symptoms persist for more than 24 hours.

NOTE: Using this product in a manner not consistent with the product label may result in personal injury, injury to animals or crops, or in other unintended consequences.

APPLICATION INSTRUCTIONS

APPLY THESE SPRAY SOLUTIONS IN PROPERLY MAINTAINED AND CALIBRATED EQUIPMENT WITH THE CAPACITY TO DELIVER THE DESIRED VOLUMES. DO NOT APPLY WHEN WIND OR OTHER CONDITIONS FAVOR DRIFT. DIRECT HAND-GUN APPLICATIONS PROPERLY TO AVOID SPRAYING DESIRABLE PLANTS. NOTE: POOR RESULTS MAY OCCUR IF WATER CONTAINING SOIL IS USED, SUCH AS WATER FROM PONDS AND UNLINED DITCHES.

For mixing, additives, and application instructions for Industrial, Turf, and Ornamental uses, see the section titled NON-CROP USES.

APPLICATION EQUIPMENT AND TECHNIQUES

DO NOT apply this product through any type of irrigation system.

The following application equipment may be used when applying this product.

By Air: Helicopter and Fixed Wing.

By Broadcast Spray:

Controlled Droplet Applicator (CDA)—Boom mounted or hand held applicators that produce spray with a narrow range of droplet sizes.

Hand-Held and High-Volume Spray Equipment—Pump up pressure sprayers, handguns, mistblowers*, handwands, knapsack and backpack sprayers, lances and other hand held and motorized spray equipment used to direct the spray directly onto the weed foliage.

Ground Broadcast Spray—Boom or boomless systems, pull-type sprayer, pick-up sprayers, floaters, spray coupes and other ground broadcast equipment.

Injection Systems—Aerial or ground injection sprayers.

* This product is not registered in Arizona or California for application with mistblowers.

Selective Equipment—Wiper applicators, shielded sprayers, and recirculating sprayers.

Review the Selective Equipment section of the discussion below for rates of application and specific instructions.

BROADCAST EQUIPMENT

For control of those perennial or annual weeds listed on the label, using broadcast equipment. Unless otherwise specified on the label, use the recommended rates of Glyphosate T&O in 3 to 40 gallons of water per acre. Review the WEEDS CONTROLLED sections of the label for specific rate information. As weed density increases, spray volume should increase (within the recommended range) to ensure adequate coverage. Avoid spraying a fine mist by carefully selecting the proper nozzle. Use flat fan nozzles for best results when using ground application equipment. Apply with an even distribution of spray droplets.

INJECTION SYSTEMS

This product may be used in aerial or ground injection spray systems. It may be used as a liquid concentrate or diluted prior to injecting into the spray stream. DO NOT mix this product with the undiluted concentrate of other products when using injection systems unless specifically recommended.

CONTROLLED DROPLET APPLICATION (CDA)

When applying Glyphosate T&O by vehicle mounted CDA equipment, the rate of this product per acre must not be less than the amount recommended on the label when applied by conventional broadcast equipment.

For vehicle mounted CDA equipment, use 3 to 15 gallons of water per acre.

To control labeled annual weeds with hand held CDA equipment, apply a 20 percent solution of Glyphosate T&O at a flow rate of 2 fluid ounces per minute and a walking speed of 2.2 feet/second (equivalent to 1 quart per acre). To control labeled perennial weeds, apply a 20 to 40 percent solution of Glyphosate T&O at a flow rate of 2 fluid ounces per minute with a walking speed of 1.1 feet/second (equivalent to 2 to 4 quarts per acre).

The spray pattern of CDA equipment is not easily visible. Exercise extreme care to avoid spray or drift contacting any foliage or green tissue of desirable vegetation. Severe damage or destruction may result.

HAND-HELD and HIGH-VOLUME EQUIPMENT

Use coarse sprays only.

Clean water should be used when mixing this product; then apply to the foliage of vegetation to be controlled. For those applications that are to be made on a spray-to-wet basis, ensure uniform and complete spray coverage. DO NOT spray product to the point of runoff.

To control annual weeds that are listed on the label, spray a 0.5 percent solution of Glyphosate T&O plus nonionic surfactant to weeds that are smaller than 6 inches in height or runner length. This product should be applied before seedhead formation in grass, or before bud formation in broadleaf weeds. DO NOT till or mow for at least three days after application, unless otherwise specified.

Unless otherwise specified, for annual weeds over 6 inches tall, or if additional surfactant is not to be used, use a 1 percent solution. On harder to control perennials (such as dock, field bindweed, hemp dogbane, bermudagrass, milkweed and Canada thistle), best results are obtained by using a 2 percent solution.

If using application methods that result in less than total coverage, a 5 percent solution should be used for perennial and annual weeds, and use a 5 to 10 percent solution for trees and woody brush.

To prepare the desired volume of spray solution, mix the proper amount of Glyphosate T&O in water in accordance with the table below.

When using knapsack sprayers, mix the recommended amount of Glyphosate T&O with water in a larger container. Then fill sprayer with the mixed solution.

SELECTIVE EQUIPMENT

Glyphosate T&O may be applied through a recirculating spray system, a hooded sprayer, a sponge bar, a wiper applicator, or a shielded applicator after dilution and thorough mixing with water. It may be applied to the weeds listed on the label that are growing in any non-crop site specified on the label, but only when specifically recommended in cropping systems.

A recirculating spray system works by directing the spray solution onto those weeds growing above desirable vegetation. Any spray solution not intercepted by the weeds is then collected and returned to the sprayer for reuse.

A shielded applicator works by directing the herbicide solution onto weeds, while at the same time shielding desirable vegetation from the herbicide.

A wiper applicator works by rubbing weeds with an absorbent material that contains the herbicide solution.

IMPORTANT: DO NOT LET THIS PRODUCT OR SPRAY MIXTURE COME INTO CONTACT WITH DESIRABLE VEGETATION.

If this product comes into contact with desirable vegetation, severe damage or destruction may result. Adjust applicators that are used above desired vegetation to ensure the lowest spray stream or wiper contact point is a minimum of 2 inches above desirable vegetation.

Discoloration, stunting or plant destruction may result if mist, foam, droplets, or splatter of the herbicide solution settles on desirable vegetation.

Applications made above the crops should be made when the weeds are a minimum of 6 inches above the desirable vegetation. Better results may be obtained when more of the weed is exposed to the herbicide solution. Weeds not contacted by the herbicide solution will not be affected. This may occur in dense clumps, severe infestations or when the height of the weeds varies so that not all weeds are contacted. In these instances, repeat treatment may be necessary.

SHIELDED APPLICATORS

When this product is applied in accordance with label instructions for shielded applicators, Glyphosate T&O will control weeds listed in the WEEDS CONTROLLED sections of the label.

Nozzles that provide uniform coverage within the area treated should be utilized. To protect desirable vegetation, make sure shields on shielded sprayers are adjusted properly. EXERCISE EXTREME CAUTION TO AVOID HERBICIDE CONTACT WITH DESIRABLE VEGETATION. See the WEEDS CONTROLLED sections of the label for specific rates of application and instructions for control of perennial and annual weeds.

WIPER APPLICATORS AND SPONGE BARS

Wiper applicators are meant to physically wipe an appropriate amount of Glyphosate T&O onto weeds.

Wiper applicator equipment must be designed, operated, and maintained to ensure the herbicide solution does not contact desirable vegetation. This equipment should be operated at ground speeds of 5 mph or less. Improved performance may be attained by reducing speed in areas having heavy weed infestations; this ensures adequate wiper saturation. Better results are possible if 2 applications are made in opposite directions.

Avoid dripping or leaking herbicide onto desirable vegetation. To ensure adequate contact with weed surfaces, adjust the height of the applicator.

Wiping surfaces should be kept clean. If applying on sloping ground, this product may migrate, thereby causing dripping on the lower end and wick drying on the upper end of the wiper applicator.

If weeds are wet, DO NOT use wiper equipment.

When mixing the herbicide solution, mix only enough solution to be used during a 1 day period; reduced effectiveness may result from using leftover solution amounts. Wiper parts should be cleaned immediately by thoroughly flushing with water when application is completed.

DO NOT add surfactant to the herbicide solution.

For Rope or Sponge Wick Applicators – Mix 1 gallon of this product in 2 gallons of water to prepare a 33 percent solution. Apply this solution to weeds listed in this WIPER APPLICATORS AND SPONGE BARS section.

For Industrial, Turf, and Ornamental uses, solutions ranging from 33 to 75 percent of Glyphosate T&O in water may be used.

For Porous-Plastic Applicators: Solutions varying from 33 to 100 percent of Glyphosate T&O in water may be used.

For Panel Applicators and Pressure-feed Systems: Solutions ranging from 33 to 100 percent of this product in water may be used.

Glyphosate T&O CONTROLS the weeds listed when applied using WIPER APPLICATORS AND SPONGE BARS as recommended under this section.

AERIAL APPLICATIONS IN FRESNO COUNTY, CALIFORNIA ONLY

(From February 15 through March 31 only)

NOTE: For aerial application outside these dates, refer to the AERIAL APPLICATION IN CALIFORNIA ONLY statewide supplemental label below.

See the GENERAL INFORMATION and MIXING, ADDITIVES AND APPLICATION INSTRUCTIONS sections of the label booklet for essential product information.

See the CROPPING SYSTEMS section of the label booklet for specific recommendations on the use of this product.

APPLICABLE AREA

This supplement applies only to the area contained inside the following boundaries within Fresno County, California.

North: Fresno County line

South: Fresno County line

East: State Highway 99

West: Fresno County line

GENERAL INFORMATION

Always read and follow the label directions and precautionary statements for all products used in the aerial application.

Observe the following directions to minimize off-site movement during aerial application of Glyphosate T&O. Minimization of off-site movement is the responsibility of the grower, Pest Control Advisor, and aerial applicator.

Written Recommendations

A written recommendation MUST be submitted by or on behalf of the applicator to the Fresno County Agricultural Commissioner 24 hours prior to the application. This written recommendation MUST state the proximity of surrounding crops, and that conditions of each manufacturer’s applicable product label(s) and the label have been satisfied.

Aerial Applicator Training and Equipment

Aerial application of Glyphosate T&O is limited to pilots who have successfully completed a Fresno County Agricultural Commissioner and California Department of Pesticide Regulation approved training program for aerial application of herbicides. All aircraft must be inspected, critiqued in flight, and certified at a Fresno County Agricultural Commissioner approved fly-in. Test and calibrate spray equipment at intervals sufficient to insure that proper rates of herbicides and adjuvants are being applied during commercial use. Applicator must document such calibrations and testing. Demonstration of performance at Fresno County Agricultural Commissioner approved “fly-ins” constitutes such documentation, or other written records showing calculations and measurements of flight and spray parameters acceptable to the Fresno County Agricultural Commissioner.

Application at Night: DO NOT apply this product by air earlier than 30 minutes prior to sunrise and/or later than 30 minutes after sunset without prior permission from the Fresno County Agricultural Commissioner.

AERIAL APPLICATION IN CALIFORNIA ONLY

See GENERAL INFORMATION and MIXING sections of the label booklet for essential product information.

See the CROPS section of the label booklet for specific recommendations on the use of this product.

EXTREME CARE MUST BE EXERCISED TO AVOID CONTACT OF THE SPRAY WITH FOLIAGE, GREEN STEMS, OR FRUIT OF DESIRABLE CROPS (EXCEPT AS SPECIFIED FOR INDIVIDUAL “ROUNDUP READY” CROPS), PLANTS, TREES OR OTHER DESIRABLE VEGETATION, SINCE SEVERE DAMAGE OR DESTRUCTION MAY RESULT.

Aerial applications of this product are allowed in the following situations:

1. In fallow and reduced tillage systems prior to the emergence or transplanting of labeled crops.

2. In alfalfa and pasture renovation applications.

3. Application to brush and chaparral. Refer to the current supplemental label for directions for this use.

4. Preharvest in alfalfa, corn, cotton, wheat and Roundup Ready corn. Observe the label’s specific preharvest application instructions for each individual crop.

DO NOT plant subsequent crops other than those listed in the label booklet for 30 days following application.

When applied as recommended under the conditions described, this product controls annual and perennial weeds listed in the label booklet.

DO NOT EXCEED A MAXIMUM RATE OF 2 QUARTS PER ACRE OF THIS PRODUCT WHEN MAKING APPLICATIONS BY AIR IN FALLOW AND REDUCED TILLAGE SYSTEMS, ALFALFA AND PASTURE RENOVATION AND BRUSH AND CHAPARRAL APPLICATIONS.

DO NOT EXCEED A MAXIMUM RATE OF 1 QUART PER ACRE OF THIS PRODUCT WHEN MAKING APPLICATIONS BY AIR IN ALFALFA, CORN, COTTON, WHEAT AND ROUNDUP READY CORN PRIOR TO HARVEST.

AERIAL APPLICATIONS IN ARKANSAS ONLY

AVOID CONTACT OF HERBICIDE WITH FOLIAGE, GREEN STEMS, EXPOSED NON-WOODY ROOTS OR FRUIT OF CROPS, DESIRABLE PLANTS AND TREES, BECAUSE SEVERE INJURY OR DESTRUCTION MAY RESULT.

See the GENERAL INFORMATION and MIXING sections of the label booklet for essential product performance information.

USE DIRECTIONS

AVOID DRIFT. DO NOT APPLY INTO STILL AIR WHERE THERE IS A TEMPERTURE INVERSION LAYER LOW ENOUGH FOR FINE SPRAY PARTICLES TO BECOME SUSPENDED AND MOVE OUTSIDE THE TARGET AREA WHEN THE INVERSION LAYER MOVES. DO NOT APPLY WHEN WINDS ARE GUSTY OR UNDER ANY OTHER CONDITION THAT FAVORS DRIFT. DRIFT IS LIKELY TO CAUSE DAMAGE TO ANY VEGETATION CONTACTED. TO PREVENT INJURY TO ADJACENT DESIRABLE VEGETATION, APPROPRIATE BUFFER ZONES MUST BE MAINTAINED.

Use the recommended rate of this product in 3 to 15 gallons of water per acre.

Use sufficient carrier volume and appropriate equipment set-up to form droplets large enough to avoid drift potential. Coarse droplets in the 300 to 500 (VMD) micron range are recommended.

Applications should typically be made with the nozzle release point at 8 to 15 feet above the top of the target plants unless a greater height is required for aircraft safety.

The distance of the outermost nozzles on the boom must not exceed 75% of the length of the wingspan or rotor. In many cases, reducing this distance to 65% of the length of the wingspan or rotor will improve drift control without affecting the swath width.

Nozzles must always discharge backward parallel with the air stream and never discharge downwards more than 45 degrees on fixed wing aircraft or forward of the prevailing air flow on rotary winged aircraft.

Avoid the use of nozzles with wide angle discharge.

DO NOT apply this product when winds are in excess of 10 miles per hour.

DO NOT apply when there is a low-level inversion where fine spray particles could be suspended in still air and move outside the target area when the inversion layer moves. These conditions may occur when wind speeds are less than 2 mph.

Use the following guidelines when applications are made near crops or other desirable vegetation:

1. DO NOT apply within 100 feet of any desirable vegetation or crops.

2. If wind up to 5 miles per hour is blowing toward desirable vegetation or crops, DO NOT apply within 500 feet upwind of the desirable vegetation or crops.

3. Winds blowing from 5 to 10 miles per hour toward desirable vegetation or crops will likely require buffer zones in excess of 500 feet.

Refer in the label for tank mix information.

Limitations, Restrictions, and Exceptions

PERENNIAL WEEDS

For controlling or destroying most perennial weeds, apply Glyphosate T&O as follows.

For application instructions and perennial weeds controlled for Industrial, Turf, and Ornamental uses, see the section titled NON-CROP USES. NOTE: In the event weeds have been tilled or mowed, DO NOT treat plants until they have resumed active growth AND have reached the recommended stages.

It may be necessary to repeat treatments on those weeds that regenerate from underground parts or from seed. These repeat treatments must be applied before crops emerge.

Improved performance on perennial weeds may be attained with the addition of 1 to 2 percent dry ammonium sulfate by weight, or 8.5 to 17 pounds per 100 gallons of water. The increased effectiveness may be most apparent if environmental stress is present. Review the sections of the label titled MIXING ADDITIVES and APPLICATION INSTRUCTIONS.

Glyphosate T&O will CONTROL the PERENNIAL WEEDS listed if applied as directed under the conditions described.

For specific application instructions and labeled uses, review the DIRECTIONS FOR USE and MIXING, ADDITIVES, and APPLICATION INSTRUCTIONS sections of the label.

Alfalfa: Use 1 quart of Glyphosate T&O per acre, plus 0.5 to 1 percent nonionic surfactant by total spray volume in 3 to 10 gallons of water per acre. Apply in the fall after the last hay cutting takes place. Alfalfa should be allowed to regrow to a minimum height of 6 to 8 inches prior to application. Follow applications with deep tillage a minimum of 7 days after treatment, but before soil freeze-up.

Alligatorweed: Use 4 quarts of Glyphosate T&O per acre, or a 1.5 percent solution with hand held equipment to obtain partial control. Applications should be made when the majority of plants are in bloom. Additional applications will be necessary to maintain control.

Anise (fennel); Poison Hemlock: Use a 1 to 2 percent solution of Glyphosate T&O as a spray-to-wet treatment. Plants should be treated at the bud to full-bloom stage of growth to obtain best results. In order to control plants arising from seeds, repeat applications may be needed in succeeding years.

Bentgrass: Use Glyphosate T&O for suppression in grass seed production areas. For use by ground applications only. Apply 1.5 quarts of Glyphosate T&O plus 0.5 to 1 percent nonionic surfactant by total spray volume, in 10 to 20 gallons of water per acre. Prior to applying in the fall, ensure the entire crown area has resumed growing. Plants should be actively growing, and have a minimum of 3 inches of growth. Avoid tillage prior to application. For optimum results, tillage 7 to 10 days after application is recommended. Ineffective control of bentgrass may result if tillage is not used after treatment.

Bermudagrass: Use 5 quarts of Glyphosate T&O per acre for adequate control. Or, 3 quarts per acre will provide partial control. For best results, treat bermudagrass when it is actively growing, and when seedheads are present. A repeat application may be necessary to maintain control. Allow a minimum of 7 days after treatment before tillage.

Bermudagrass, water (knotgrass): Use 1.5 quarts of Glyphosate T&O plus 0.5 to 1 percent nonionic surfactant by total spray volume in 5 to 10 gallons of water per acre. Water bermudagrass should be actively growing—and 12 to 18 inches in length—for effective application. Wait a minimum of 7 days before flooding the field, flushing, or tillage.

For fall treatment only: Use 1 quart of Glyphosate T&O plus 0.5 to 1 percent nonionic surfactant by total spray volume in 5 to 10 gallons of water per acre. Till fallow fields prior to treatment. Apply prior to frost on plants that are actively growing and 12 to 18 inches long. Wait a minimum of 7 days before tillage.

Bindweed, field: For control of field bindweed, apply 3 to 4 quarts of Glyphosate T&O per acre east of the Mississippi River, and 4 to 5 quarts per acre west of the Mississippi River. Treatment should be applied when weeds are actively growing and are at or beyond full bloom. If the weed is under drought stress, DO NOT treat—good soil moisture is needed for active growth. Apply in late summer or fall for optimum results, but fall applications must be made before a killing frost. Wait a minimum of 7 days after application before tillage.

For control using ground application equipment only, apply 2 quarts of Glyphosate T&O plus 0.5 pound active ingredient of Banvel in 10 to 20 gallons of water per acre.

The following tank mixtures with 2,4-D may be applied using aerial application equipment (except in California) in fallow and reduced tillage systems only.

To suppress field bindweed on irrigated agricultural land (using ground equipment only), mix and apply 1 to 2 quarts of Glyphosate T&O plus 1 pound of 2,4-D active ingredient in 10 to 20 gallons of water per acre.

Apply after harvest, or in fall fallow ground when most of the runners are a minimum of 12 inches long and are actively growing. Use of at least one irrigation will promote active field bindweed growth.

For suppression, apply 16 fluid ounces of this product plus 0.5 pound a.i. of 2,4-D plus 0.5 to 1 percent nonionic surfactant by total spray volume in 3 to 10 gallons of water per acre for ground applications and 3 to 5 gallons of water per acre for aerial applications. Applications should be delayed until maximum emergence has occurred and when vines are between 6 to 18 inches in length.

For all tank mixes, review the tank-mix herbicides’ individual product labels for specific crops, application rates, geographical restrictions, and precautionary statements.

In California only: Use 1 to 5 quarts of Glyphosate T&O per acre.

Depending on local conditions, the rate needed to suppress or control weeds will vary within this range.

To suppress field bindweed on irrigated land where annual tillage is performed, apply 1 quart of Glyphosate T&O plus 0.5 to 1 percent nonionic surfactant by total spray volume in 3 to 10 gallons of water per acre.

Bindweed should be a minimum of 12 inches long before application, with maximum weed emergence and runner growth. Treatments should not be made when weeds are under drought stress; good soil moisture is needed for active growth. Allow a minimum of 3 days after application before tillage.

Bluegrass, Kentucky; Bromegrass, smooth; Orchardgrass: Use 2 quarts of Glyphosate T&O in 10 to 40 gallons of water per acre. Apply when grasses are actively growing and when most plants have developed to the boot-to-early seedhead stage. For partial control in pasture or hay crop renovation, use 1 to 1.5 quarts of Glyphosate T&O plus 0.5 to 1 percent nonionic surfactant by total spray volume in 3 to 10 gallons of water per acre. Apply to actively growing weeds when most are 4 to 12 inches high. Wait a minimum of 7 days after treatment before tillage.

Orchardgrass (sods going to no-till corn): Use 1 to 1.5 quarts of Glyphosate T&O per acre plus 0.5 to 1 percent nonionic surfactant by total spray volume in 3 to 10 gallons of water per acre. Orchardgrass should be at least 12 inches high for spring treatment, and 6 inches high for fall treatment. Wait a minimum of 3 days before planting. For best results, a sequential application of atrazine is necessary. When using tank mixes, review the tank-mix herbicides’ individual product labels for specific crops, application rates, geographical restrictions, and precautionary statements.

Texas Blueweed: Apply 3 to 4 quarts of Glyphosate T&O per acre east of the Mississippi River, and 4 to 5 quarts per acre west of the Mississippi River. Treat when weeds are actively growing and at full bloom or beyond. If weeds are under drought stress, DO NOT treat— good soil moisture is needed for active growth. (If new leaves are developing, this indicates active growth.) Apply in late summer or fall for optimum results. Fall applications must be made before a killing frost. Wait a minimum of 7 days after treatment before tillage.

Brackenfern: Using a broadcast spray, apply 3 to 4 quarts of Glyphosate T&O per acre. With hand held equipment, use a 1 to 1.5 percent solution. Treatments should be applied to fully expanded fronds that are a minimum of 18 inches in height.

Bursage, woollyleaf: For control, apply 2 quarts of Glyphosate T&O plus 1 pint of Banvel per acre. For partial control, apply 1 quart of Glyphosate T&O plus 1 pint of Banvel per acre. Add 0.5 to 1 percent nonionic surfactant by total spray volume and apply in 3 to 20 gallons of water per acre. Apply when plants are producing new active growth which has been initiated by moisture for at least 2 weeks and when plants are at or beyond flowering. When using tank mixes, review the tank-mix herbicides’ individual product labels for specific crops, application rates, geographical restrictions, and precautionary statements. Canarygrass, reed; Timothy; Wheatgrass, western: Apply 2 to 3 quarts of Glyphosate T&O per acre to actively growing plants when most have reached the boot-to-head stage of development. Wait a minimum of 7 days after treatment before tillage.

Cogongrass: Use 3 to 5 quarts of Glyphosate T&O plus 0.5 to 1 percent nonionic surfactant applied in 10 to 40 gallons of water per acre. Apply in late summer or fall when weeds are a minimum of 18 inches high and actively growing. Wait a minimum of 7 days after application before mowing or tillage. Because of uneven stages of growth and the dense nature of Cogongrass, good spray coverage is often difficult. Therefore, repeat treatments may be needed to maintain adequate control.

Dandelion / Dock, curly: Apply 3 to 5 quarts of this product per acre when plants are actively growing and most have reached the early bud stage of growth. Wait 7 or more days after application before tillage. Another option for control: Apply 16 fluid ounces of Glyphosate T&O plus 0.5 pound of 2,4-D active ingredient plus 0.5 to 1 percent nonionic surfactant by total spray volume in 3 to 10 gallons of water per acre. When using tank mixes, review the tank-mix herbicides’ individual product labels for specific crops, application rates, geographical restrictions, and precautionary statements.

Dogbane, hemp: Apply 4 quarts of Glyphosate T&O per acre when most weeds are actively growing and have reached the late bud to flower stage of development. Before treating after a crop harvest or mowing, allow weeds to regrow to a mature stage of development. Wait a minimum of 7 days after treatment before tillage.

For suppression, using ground applications only, apply 16 fluid ounces of Glyphosate T&O plus 0.5 pounds of 2,4-D active ingredient plus 0.5 to 1 percent nonionic surfactant by total spray volume in 3 to 10 gallons of water per acre. Apply after maximum emergence of dogbane has occurred. When using tank mixes, review the tank-mix herbicides’ individual product labels for specific crops, application rates, geographical restrictions, and precautionary statements.

Fescue, tall: Apply 3 quarts of Glyphosate T&O in 10 to 40 gallons of water per acre to actively growing plants when most have reached boot to- early seedhead stage of development.

For applications in fall only: Use 1 quart of Glyphosate T&O plus 0.5 to 1 percent nonionic surfactant by total spray volume in 3 to 10 gallons of water per acre. Apply in fall when weeds are actively growing and have reached 6 to 12 inches of new growth. Wait a minimum of 7 days after treatment before tillage. To improve long term control, and to control seedlings germinating after fall treatments (or the spring that follows), apply a sequential application of 1 pint per acre of Glyphosate T&O plus nonionic surfactant.

Guineagrass: Apply 3 quarts of Glyphosate T&O per acre, or when using hand held equipment, use a 1 percent solution. Apply when guineagrass is actively growing and when it has reached at least the 7 leaf stage of development. If using hand held equipment, ensure thorough coverage. Wait a minimum of 7 days after treatment before tillage.

Johnsongrass; Ryegrass, perennial: Use 1 to 3 quarts of Glyphosate T&O per acre. Use 1 to 2 quarts of Glyphosate T&O per acre in annual cropping systems. Use 1 quart of this product plus 0.5 to 1 percent nonionic surfactant by total spray volume in 3 to 10 gallons of water per acre.

Or use 2 quarts of Glyphosate T&O in 10 to 40 gallons of water per acre. In non-crop areas, or in areas where annual tillage is not performed (notill), use 2 to 3 quarts of Glyphosate T&O in 10 to 40 gallons of water per acre. Optimum results are obtained when applied to actively growing plants when most have reached the boot-to-head stage of development, or in fall before frost. Wait a minimum of 7 days after treatment before tillage. If using the 1 quart per acre rate, DO NOT tank mix with residual herbicides.

For Johnsongrass burndown, use 1 pint per acre plus 0.5 to 1 percent nonionic surfactant in 3 to 10 gallons of water per acre before the plants grow to a height of 12 inches. Wait a minimum of 3 days after application before tillage.

For spot treatment of Johnsongrass (partial control or suppression): When Johnsongrass has reached a height of 12 to 18 inches, apply a 1 percent solution of Glyphosate T&O plus 0.5 to 1 percent nonionic surfactant by total spray volume. Complete and uniform coverage is essential.

Kikuyugrass: Use 2 to 3 quarts of Glyphosate T&O per acre. Spray when the majority of kikuyugrass is actively growing and is at a minimum of 8 inches high (at the 3 or 4 leaf stage of development). Wait a minimum of 3 days after treatment before tillage.

Knapweed; Horseradish: Use 4 quarts of Glyphosate T&O per acre when weeds are actively growing and when most have reached the late bud to flower stage of development. If treating after crop harvest or after mowing, allow weeds to regrow to a mature stage of development, then apply. Apply treatment in late summer or fall for optimum results. Wait a minimum of 7 days after treatment before tillage.

Lantana: Apply Glyphosate T&O as a 1 to 1.25 percent solution using hand held equipment only. Treat actively growing lantana when it is at or beyond the bloom stage of development. The higher application rate of Glyphosate T&O should be applied for weeds that have reached the woody stage of development. Wait a minimum of 7 days after treatment before tillage.

Milkweed, common: Use 3 quarts of Glyphosate T&O per acre when milkweed is actively growing and when most of the weeds have reached the late bud to flower stage of development. If applying after small grain harvest or after mowing, allow milkweed to regrow to a mature stage prior to applying. Wait a minimum of 7 days after treatment before tillage.

Muhly, wirestem: Use 1 to 2 quarts of Glyphosate T&O per acre. Apply 1 quart of Glyphosate T&O plus 0.5 to 1 percent nonionic surfactant by total spray volume in 3 to 10 gallons of water per acre. Use 2 quarts of Glyphosate T&O per acre in 10 to 40 gallons of water per acre, or when applied in pasture, sod, or non-crop areas. Spray when weed is actively growing and at least 8 inches high. DO NOT till between harvest and fall applications, or in the fall or spring prior to spring treatments. Wait a minimum of 3 days after treatment before tillage. Glyphosate T&O will not provide residual control of wirestem muhly from seeds which germinate after this product is applied. When using the 1 quart per acre rate, DO NOT tank mix with residual herbicides.

Nightshade, silverleaf: For control, use 2 quarts of Glyphosate T&O plus 0.5 to 1 percent nonionic surfactant by total spray volume in 3 to 10 gallons of water per acre. DO NOT apply until at least 60 percent of the plants have berries. If applying in fall, do so before a killing frost. Wait a minimum of 7 days after treatment before tillage. If the weeds are under drought stress, DO NOT treat—good soil moisture is needed for active growth.

Nutsedge–purple, yellow: Using a broadcast spray, apply 3 quarts of Glyphosate T&O per acre. If using hand held equipment, use a 1 to 2 percent solution to control existing nutsedge plants and immature nutlets that are attached to treated plants. Apply when weeds are in flower or when new nutlets are seen at rhizome tips. Nutlets that have not yet germinated will not be controlled and may germinate after treatment.

For long term control of ungerminated tubers, repeat treatments will be necessary.

For control, apply sequential applications of 1 to 2 quarts of Glyphosate T&O plus 0.5 to 1 percent nonionic surfactant by total spray volume in 3 to 10 gallons of water per acre. Applications should be made when a majority of the weeds are in the 3 to 5 leaf stage of development (when under 6 inches tall). Repeat this application as necessary when newly emerging weeds reach the 3 to 5 leaf stage of growth. For long term control, subsequent treatments are required.

For suppression or partial control of existing weeds, use 1 pint to 2 quarts of Glyphosate T&O per acre plus 0.5 to 1 percent nonionic surfactant in 3 to 40 gallons of water per acre. Apply when plants are 6 inches tall or less and have 3 to 5 leaves. Additional treatments will be necessary to control subsequent emerging weeds or regrowth of existing weeds. Wait a minimum of 7 days after treatment before mowing or tillage.

Pampasgrass / Ice plant: Using hand held equipment, apply Glyphosate T&O as a 1.5 to 2 percent solution to weeds that are actively growing. Apply when pampasgrass is at or beyond the boot stage of development. Thorough coverage is essential.

Phragmites: For partial control in Florida and those counties of states that border the Gulf of Mexico, use 5 quarts per acre using broadcast spray equipment, or use a 2 percent solution applied by hand held equipment. For partial control in other areas of the U.S., use 3 quarts per acre using broadcast spray equipment or a 1 percent solution applied by hand held equipment. For optimum results, treat in late summer or fall, or when weeds are actively growing and in the full bloom stage of development. If treated before or after this stage, reduced control may result. The dense nature of the weeds and the uneven stages of growth may prevent good spray coverage; therefore, repeat treatments may be needed to maintain control. Visual control symptoms are slow to develop.

Quackgrass–In Annual Cropping Systems, or in Pastures and Sods Followed by Deep Tillage: Use 1 to 2 quarts of Glyphosate T&O per acre. If using the 1 quart rate: Apply 0.5 to 1 percent nonionic surfactant by total spray volume in 3 to 10 gallons of water per acre; DO NOT tank mix with residual herbicides. If using the 2 quart rate: Apply treatment in 10 to 40 gallons of water per acre. To apply, wait until quackgrass is actively growing and is from 6 to 8 inches high. DO NOT till between harvest and fall applications, or in fall or spring prior to spring glyphosate treatments. Wait a minimum of 3 days after treatment before tillage. For best results in pastures or sods, a moldboard plow should be used.

Quackgrass–Pasture or Sod or Other Noncrop Areas Where Deep Tillage is Not Planned Following Application: Use 2 to 3 quarts of Glyphosate T&O in 10 to 40 gallons of water per acre. Quackgrass should be higher than 8 inches tall and actively growing when treated. DO NOT till between harvest and fall applications, in fall or spring prior to spring glyphosate treatments. Wait a minimum of 3 days after treatment before tillage.

Redvine: For suppression, use 24 fluid ounces of Glyphosate T&O per acre at each of two applications 7 to 14 days apart, or a single application of 2 quarts of Glyphosate T&O per acre. Recommended rates should be applied in 5 to 10 gallons of water per acre, plus 0.5 to 1 percent nonionic surfactant by total volume. Apply to actively growing plants in September or early October, when plants are a minimum of 18 inches tall and have been growing 45 to 60 days since the last tillage.

Apply treatments a minimum of 1 week before a killing frost.

Reed, giant: For control, use a 2 percent solution of Glyphosate T&O when plants are actively growing. For optimum results, apply in late summer to fall.

Smartweed, swamp: Use 3 to 5 quarts of Glyphosate T&O per acre when plants are actively growing, and when most have reached the early bud stage of development. Wait a minimum of 7 days after treatment before tillage.

Another option for control: Use 16 fluid ounces of Glyphosate T&O with 0.5 pound of 2,4-D active ingredient, plus 0.5 to 1 percent nonionic surfactant by total volume in 3 to 10 gallons of water per acre in late summer or fall. Treatments should be applied when weeds are actively growing and when the majority of plants have reached the early bud stage of development. Wait a minimum of 7 days after treatment before tillage. When using tank mixes, review the tank-mix herbicides’ individual product labels for specific crops, application rates, geographical restrictions, and precautionary statements.

Spurge, leafy: For suppression, use 16 fluid ounces of Glyphosate T&O with 0.5 pound of 2,4-D active ingredient, plus 0.5 to 1 percent nonionic surfactant by total spray volume in 3 to 10 gallons of water per acre in late summer or fall. Apply when plants are actively growing. If weeds have been mowed prior to treatment, apply when the majority of the weeds are 12 inches in height. Wait a minimum of 7 days after treatment before tillage. When using tank mixes, review the tank-mix herbicides’ individual product labels for specific crops, application rates, geographical restrictions, and precautionary statements.

Starthistle, yellow: For best results, apply during periods of active growth, including the rosette, bolting, and early flower stages of development. When using “spray-to-wet” applications, apply Glyphosate T&O as a 2 percent solution. When using broadcast applications, use 2 quarts of Glyphosate T&O per acre in 10 to 40 gallons of water per acre.

Sweet Potato, wild; Thistle, artichoke: Using hand held equipment, apply Glyphosate T&O as a 2 percent solution when weeds are actively growing or are beyond the bloom stage of growth. Additional applications may be required. The weeds should be allowed to reach the recommended stage of development prior to retreatment. Wait a minimum of 7 days after treatment before tillage.

Thistle, Canada: Use 2 to 3 quarts of Glyphosate T&O per acre applied to actively growing thistles when the majority are at or beyond the bud stage of development. In the late summer or fall after harvest, tillage, or mowing, allow a minimum of 4 weeks for initiation of active growth and rosette development before applying this product. If treating in fall, Glyphosate T&O must be applied before a killing frost. Wait a minimum of 3 days after treatment before tillage.

For suppression of Canada thistle, use 1 quart per acre of Glyphosate T&O, or 1 pint of Glyphosate T&O plus 0.5 pound a.i. 2,4-D per acre, plus 0.5 to 1 percent nonionic surfactant by total spray volume in 3 to 10 gallons of water per acre in the late summer or fall after harvest, mowing or tillage. Allow rosette regrowth to a minimum of 6 inches in diameter before treating. Applications can be made as long as leaves are still green and plants are actively growing at the time of application. Allow 3 or more days after application before tillage. When using tank mixes, review the tank-mix herbicides’ individual product labels for specific crops, application rates, geographical restrictions, and precautionary statements.

Torpedograss: For partial control, use 4 to 5 quarts of Glyphosate T&O per acre. For applications to be effective, torpedograss must be actively growing, when the majority of weeds are at or beyond the seedhead stage of development. To maintain control, repeat applications are necessary. When applying in fall, treatments must be made before frost.

Wait a minimum of 7 days after treatment before tillage.

Trumpetcreeper: For control, use 2 quarts of Glyphosate T&O per acre in 5 to 10 gallons of water per acre. Apply treatments in late September or October to actively growing plants that are a minimum of 18 inches in height and have been growing 45 to 60 days since the last tillage. Applications should be made a minimum of 1 week before a killing frost.

For other perennials listed on the label: Use 3 to 5 quarts of Glyphosate T&O per acre when perennial weeds are actively growing and most have reached early head or early bud stage of development. Wait a minimum of 7 days after treatment before tillage.

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