Other names: Greater henbit, deadnettle
Life cycle: Winter annual
Found in: Small grains throughout the U.S., but most common in the East.
General description: Plant with purple and pink flowers that branches at the base. Leaves are
heart-shaped and deeply lobed.
Seedlings: Cotyledons are thick and round or oblong, with a base that is notched where it meets the petiole. The hypocotyl starts out green, but turns purple as it matures.
True leaves: Opposite, heart-shaped, crinkled and deeply lobed. Leaves also have prominent veins and soft hairs on the upper surface. They can reach up to 5" in length.
Flowers and fruit: Flowers are pink or purple and fused into a tube. They occur in whorls in the upper leaves. Fruit is small egg-shaped nutlets, brown with white spots.