Maize chlorotic dwarf virus
Area of impact: Leaves
Description: Reddish and yellow leaves which may be torn, twisted or have swollen veins. Stunted growth can also occur.
Pathogen involved: Virus
Timing/Conditions: Transmitted by leafhoppers or by rubbing between plants.
Contributing factors: Conditions favoring leaf-hoppers increase risk of infection. Overwinters in johnsongrass so proximity to infected johnsongrass also increases risk of infection.
Management practices: Plant tolerant or resistant hybrids and control johnsongrass with herbicides.