Bacterial stalk rot
Area of impact: Stalk
Description: Lowest internodes turn brown and become soft and slimy sometimes with a foul odor. Wilting upper leaves and soft rot at the whorl’s base can also occur.
Pathogen involved: Erwinia chrysanthemi pv. zeae (a bacterium)
Timing/Conditions: Occurs mid-season after pollination; High temperatures, lots of rainfall or overhead irrigation, and insect injury favor the disease.
Contributing factors: Might be transmitted by corn borer larvae; Overwinters in stalk residue.
Management practices: Incorporate debris with fall plowing and avoid flooding or too much overhead irrigation