TURGRASSES - ADULTS AND/OR LARVAE OF SUBSURFACE AND SURFACE FEEDING PESTS (CENTIPEDES, FLEAS, ETC.)

General Information

GENERAL INFORMATION

APPLICATION TO TURFGRASS

The use of this product will provide plant nutrients as well as providing control of selected insect pests. This product can be used for the control of soil inhabiting pests of turfgrass; for example northern and southern masked chafers, Cyclocephala borealis, C. immaculata, and/or C. lurida; Asiatic garden beetle, Maladera castanea; black vine weevil, Otiorhyncus sulcatus, European chafer, Rhizotrogus majalis; green June beetle, Cotinis nitida; May or June beetles, Phyllophaga spp.; Japanese beetle, Popillia japonica; oriental beetle, Anomala orientalis; Euetheola humulis rugiceps; billbugs, Sphenophorus spp.; annual bluegrass weevil, Listronotus maculicollis; black turfgrass ataenius, Ataenius spretulus; Aphodius spp; Crane flies, Tipula spp.; frit fly, Oscinella frit, chinch bugs, Blissus spp.; fire ants, Solenopsis spp.; cutworms, Agrotis ipsilon, Peridroma saucia, Nephalodes menians; armyworms, Spodoptera spp., Pseudaletia spp.; sod webworm, Crambus spp.; and mole crickets, Scapteriscus spp. This product can be used as directed on turfgrass; for example, in home lawns, business and office complexes, shopping complexes, multi-family residential complexes, airports, cemeteries, parks, playgrounds, and athletic fields.

The active ingredients in this product have sufficient residual activity so that applications for control of subsurface feeders can be made preceding the egg laying activity. The need for an application for control of subsurface feeders can be based on historical monitoring of the site, previous records or experiences, current season adult trapping or other methods. Optimum control of subsurface feeders will be achieved when applications are made prior to egg hatch of the target pest, followed by sufficient irrigation or rainfall to move the active ingredient through the thatch.

The active ingredients in this product have sufficient knockdown and residual activity to provide remedial and residual control of surface feeding pests. Applications for control of surface feeding pests can be made when infestations are anticipated based on historical monitoring of the site, previous records or experience, current season adult trapping or presence of insects at economic thresholds as determined by scouting and/or recommendations of local State extension personnel or other qualified specialists.

Do not apply more than 200 lb. of this product (0.25 lb. of imidacloprid, 0.2 lb. bifenthrin) per acre per application on residential use sites (i.e., around private homes, apartment buildings, condominiums, non-agricultural outbuildings, non-commercial greenhouses, pre-schools or day care facilities). May be applied at up to 400 lb. of this product (0.5 lb. of imidacloprid, 0.4 lb. bifenthrin) per application on non-residential use sites (i.e., around institutional, public, commercial or industrial buildings; parks; recreational areas or athletic fields).

Do not apply when turfgrass areas are waterlogged or the soil is saturated with water. Adequate distribution of the active ingredient cannot be achieved when these conditions exist. The treated turf must be in such a condition that the rainfall or irrigation will penetrate vertically in the soil profile. Total amount applied cannot exceed 400 lb. (0.5 lb. of imidacloprid, 0.4 lb. of bifenthrin) per acre per year.

NOTE: Not for use in commercial greenhouses or on grass grown for seed or on golf courses and sod farms. For use on plants intended for aesthetic purposes or climatic modification and being grown in interior plantscapes, ornamental gardens or parks, or on lawns and grounds.

APPLICATION EQUIPMENT:

Apply this product uniformly over the area being treated with normally used granular application equipment. Both drop-type and rotary-type spreaders may be used to apply this product. Avoid the use of spreaders that apply the material in narrow, concentrated bands. Calibrate application equipment prior to use according to the manufacturer’s directions. Check frequently to be sure equipment is working properly and distributing granules uniformly and accurately.

RESTRICTIONS:

- Avoid runoff or puddling of irrigation water following application. Avoid application of this product to areas which are waterlogged or saturated, which will not allow penetration into the root zone of the plant. Do not apply more than 400 lb. (0.5 lb. of imidacloprid and 0.4 lb. of bifenthrin) per acre per year.

- Treated areas may be replanted with any crop specified on an imidacloprid and a bifenthrin label, or with any crop for which a tolerance exists for the two active ingredients.

- For crops not listed on any imidacloprid and a bifenthrin label, or for crops for which no tolerances for the active ingredients have been established, a 12-month plant-back interval must be observed.

- Do not apply by air.

- Not for use in nurseries or commercial greenhouses.

Limitations, Restrictions, and Exceptions

TURGRASSES

Consult your local State Agricultural Experiment Station or State Extension Turf Specialists for more specific information regarding timing of application.

NOTE: For optimum control, irrigate if rainfall does not occur within 24 hours after application to move the active ingredient through the thatch. Do not apply more than 400 lb. product (0.5 lb. of imidacloprid active ingredient, 0.4 lb. bifenthrin) per acre per year. Do not apply more than 200 lb. product (0.25 lb. imidacloprid, 0.2 lb. bifenthrin) per acre per application to residential turf. Avoid mowing turf or lawn area until after irrigation or rainfall has occurred so that uniformity of application will not be affected.

In New York State, this product may NOT be applied to any grass or turf area within 100 feet of a water body (lake, pond, river, stream, wetland, or drainage ditch).

In New York State, make a single repeat application of this product if there are signs of renewed insect activity, but not sooner than two weeks after the first application.

- Mole Cricket adults: Achieving acceptable control of adult mole crickets is difficult because grass areas are subject to continuous invasion during the early spring by this large active stage. For application when both adults and/or large nymphs are present and actively tunneling, irrigate prior to application if soil is dry and apply 4.6 lb. per 1,000 sq. ft. For best results, water-in applications with up to 0.5 inches of water immediately after treatment. Treat grass areas that receive pressure from adult mole crickets within one month of peak egg hatch to ensure optimum control of subsequent nymph populations (see below). For heavily infested mole cricket areas, or in areas with a history of mole cricket infestation, use a single seasonal application rate of 320 to 400 lb. per acre (7.3 to 9.2 lb. per 1,000 sq. ft.) to non-residential turf.

- Imported Fire Ants: Apply as a broadcast treatment in non-residential turf areas up to 9.2 lb. per 1,000 sq. ft. For mound treatment, apply 3/4 cup of this product per mound and then drench the mound with 1 to 2 gallons of water. Treat mounds with sufficient force to break their apex and allow the insecticide to flow into the ant tunnels.

- Mole Cricket nymphs: For best results, treat grass areas that received adult mole cricket pressure in the spring within one month of peak egg hatch. Optimal control is achieved at this time because young nymphs are more susceptible to insecticides. Control of larger, more damaging, nymphs later in the year will require higher application rates to maintain acceptable control. For maximum effectiveness, irrigate prior to application if soil is dry, apply as a broadcast treatment at 4.6 lb. per 1,000 sq. ft. For best results, water-in applications with up to 0.5 inches of water after treatment. For heavily infested mole cricket areas, or in areas with a history of mole cricket infestation, use a single seasonal application rate of 320 to 400 lb. per acre (7.3 to 9.2 lb. per 1,000 sq. ft.) to non-residential turf.

- Pillbugs and sowbugs: For heavy infestations apply 400 lbs. per acre (9.2 lbs. per 1,000 sq. ft.) of this product to non-residential turf.

- Ticks (Including ticks that may transmit Lyme Disease and Rocky Mountain Spotted fever): Treat the entire area where exposure to ticks may occur. Ticks may be reintroduced from surrounding areas on host animals. Retreatment may be necessary to achieve and/or maintain control during periods of high pest pressure. Repeat application is necessary only if there are signs of renewed activity. Limit repeat application to no more than once per seven days. Deer ticks (Ixodes spp.) have a complicated life cycle that ranges over a two year period and involves four life stages. Make applications in the late fall and/or early spring to control adult ticks that are usually located on brush or grass above the soil surface and in mid to late spring to control larvae and nymphs that reside in the soil and leaf litter. American dog ticks (Dermacentor variabilis) may be a considerable nuisance in suburban settings, particularly where homes are built on land that was previously field or forest. These ticks commonly congregate along paths or roadways where humans are likely to be encountered. Make applications as necessary from mid-spring to early fall to control American dog tick larvae, nymphs and adults.

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