COOL SEASON TURFGRASS - SPOT TREATMENTS
Q4 Plus Turf Herbicide for Grassy & Broadleaf Weeds contains 4 active ingredients that broaden the spectrum of weed control. Q4 Plus Turf Herbicide for Grassy & Broadleaf Weeds is a versatile herbicide that will control many troublesome grassy and broadleaf weeds in established turfgrass when used as directed.
- Versatile post-emergent herbicide for turfgrass to control both grassy and broadleaf weeds.
- Q4 Plus Turf Herbicide for Grassy & Broadleaf Weeds is absorbed by foliage and roots and translocated throughout the plant where it uses multiple modes of action to control both grassy and broadleaf weeds. One mode of action involves an auxin-type herbicidal activity which disrupts plant growth in broadleaf weeds, while another mode of action works as an enzyme/cell wall disruptor to control crabgrass and other grassy weeds.
- The effects on grassy weeds include stunting, gradual reddening, yellowing and followed by tissue death. Symptoms typically appear 7 to 14 days after application.
- Q4 Plus Turf Herbicide for Grassy & Broadleaf Weeds provides post emergent weed control for common weed species in turfgrass such as spurge. Foliar contact of Q4 Plus Turf Herbicide for Grassy & Broadleaf Weeds on emerged, susceptible weeds results in rapid dessication and plant tissue death.
- Wide window of application for broadleaf weeds beginning at emergence and active weed growth.
- The symptoms of susceptible broadleaf weeds include leaf and stem curl or twisting, and tissue death.
Where To Use
This product provides broadleaf control in warm-season and coolseason turfgrass in 5 use sites. See tables 2 and 3 below for turfgrass species that can be treated with Q4 Plus Turf Herbicide for Grassy & Broadleaf Weeds.
- Residential/domestic sites are defined as areas associated with the household or home life including, but not limited to apartment complexes, condominiums, and patient care areas of nursing homes, mental institutions, hospitals, or convalescent homes.
- Ornamental sites include turfgrass established around residences, parks, streets, retail outlets, cemeteries, industrial and institutional buildings, recreation areas, fairgrounds, areas adjacent to athletic fields and paved areas.
- Institutional sites are defined as turf areas around properties or facilities providing a service to public or private organizations including, but not limited to hospitals, nursing homes, schools, museums, libraries, sport facilities, golf courses (fairways and roughs), and office buildings.
- Non-cropland sites include Highway rights-of-way (principal, interstate, county, private, and unpaved roads); roadsides, roadside ditches, road shoulders, road embankments, dividers and medians; municipal, state and federal lands; airports and military installations.
- Agricultural site: Commercial sod production
Prohibitions of Sites:
- Do not apply to any body of water such as lakes, streams, rivers, ponds, reservoirs, or estuaries (salt water bays). Do not apply to any shorelines (non-cropland sites adjacent to the edges of a body of water) for lakes, streams, rivers, ponds, reservoirs, or estuaries (salt water bays).
- Do not apply to wetlands (swamps, bogs, potholes, or marshes).
- Do not apply to agricultural irrigation water or on agricultural irrigation ditchbanks and canals.
- Do not apply to agricultural drainage water or on agricultural ditchbanks.
- DO NOT apply Q4 Plus Turf Herbicide for Grassy & Broadleaf Weeds to the following:
Greens and collars at golf courses
Lawns with desirable clovers or legumes
Ornamentals (flowers, trees, groundcovers, landscape beds and shrubs)
- Turfgrass tolerance to this product may vary and temporary turf grass yellowing may occur on fine fescues, Bermudagrass, and zoysiagrass (see specific Bermudagrass and zoysiagrass sections). Apply only to fine fescue when it is part of a mixed stand of cool-season turf/cool-season blends.
- Tolerant turf species listed on this label may exhibit temporary turf injury. The best tolerance occurs under optimal conditions for the turfgrass.
- Adverse environmental conditions may reduce the selectivity on the turfgrass. Injury may occur under marginal conditions (e.g. low temperatures and drought stress) or under extreme conditions (e.g. high temperatures and high humidity). To avoid turf injury, use only on turfgrass that is reasonably free of stress from diseases, insects, excess heat or cold, drought or excess rainfall/irrigation, shaded areas, low soil pH, nematodes, improper mowing or improper applications of fertilizer and pesticides. Under any of these stress conditions, any turf damage caused by the use of this product is beyond the control of PBI/Gordon Corporation and all risk is assumed by the buyer and/or user.
- Certain spray tank additives (adjuvants, wetting agents, surfactants), liquid fertilizers, and tank mixtures containing emulsifiable concentrates may reduce the selectivity on the turfgrass. Use adjuvants and spray additives or tank-mix combinations only when your experience indicates that the tank mixture will not result in objectionable turf injury.
- Do not broadcast apply this product when temperatures are above 90°F; some injury can also be expected with spot treatments when air temperatures exceed 90°F.
For newly seeded areas:
Delay application of this product to grass seedlings until after the second or third mowing, or 28 days after emergence.
For newly sodded, sprigged, or plugged areas:
The application of this product to newly sodded, sprigged, or plugged grasses should be delayed until 3 to 4 weeks after the sodding, sprigging, or plugging operations.
Turf species on this label can be seeded into the treated areas 7 days after application with the exception of Kentucky bluegrass. Kentucky bluegrass can be seeded 14 days after application unless slight growth regulation can be tolerated..
Do not apply this product immediately before rainfall or irrigation. For best results, do not irrigate or water the turfgrass within 24 hours after application. If dry conditions exist, a scheduled irrigation or watering 24 hours before and 24 hours after application is recommended. If rainfall does not occur in 2 to 7 days after application, irrigation of at least one-half inch is recommended.
Delay mowing 2 days before and until 2 days after the application of this product. Additional stress from low mowing heights may increase the possibility of turf injury. Clippings from the first three mowings should be left on the treated area. Do not use these clippings as mulch or compost around flowers, ornamentals, trees, or in vegetable gardens.
Ground equipment: Power sprayers fitted with a boom or spray wand/gun may be used for broadcast applications and spot treatments. Boom sprayers equipped with appropriate flat fan nozzles, tips, and screens are suitable for broadcast applications. For best spray distribution and coverage, select a spray volume and delivery system that will ensure accurate and uniform coverage.
Hand-operated sprayers including backpack sprayers and compression sprayers are appropriate for small turfgrass areas. Calibration and proper application are essential when using this product.
Cleaning spray equipment: Clean sprayer before and after using this product. Use soap, household ammonia, detergent and water, or an approved spray tank cleaner and rinse thoroughly. Cross-contamination may cause physical incompatibility (mixing problems) or result in turf injury.
- The accuracy and uniformity of the herbicide distribution is the sole responsibility of the applicator.
- Uniform applications are essential when using this product. Overapplication, excessive overlaps, or rates above those specified on this label can cause turf injury.
- Avoid spray overlaps with hand-held equipment: Wands fitted with flat fan nozzle tips may be used with the appropriate technique. Spray wands fitted with flat fan nozzles should not be waved in a back-and-forth motion, or in a side-to-side motion, or in a swinging arm motion. Instead, the nozzle should be held stationary at the proper height. Side-to-side motion results in uneven coverage. To avoid excessive spray pattern overlaps, a spray colorant may be used.
- This product may cause injury to susceptible/non-target plants at the use site by contacting the foliage, stems, or roots. To prevent injury to susceptible crops and other desirable broadleaf plants including but not limited to cotton, legumes, tobacco, tomatoes, garden/vegetable crops, and ornamentals (flowers, trees, and shrubs) avoid contact with the spray solution, spray droplets, and spray mist (fine droplets).
Chemigation: Do not apply this product through any type of irrigation system.
Aerial application: Do not apply as an aerial application.
Spray Drift Management
A variety of factors including weather conditions (e.g., wind direction, wind speed, temperature, relative humidity) and method of ground application can influence pesticide drift. The applicator must evaluate all factors and make appropriate adjustments when applying this product.
When applying sprays that contain 2,4-D as the sole active ingredient, or when applying sprays that contain 2,4-D mixed with active ingredients that require a Coarse or coarser spray, apply only as a Coarse or coarser spray (ASAE standard 572) or a volume mean diameter of 385 microns or greater for spinning atomizer nozzles.
When applying sprays that contain 2,4-D mixed with other active ingredients that require a Medium or more fine spray, apply only as a Medium or coarser spray (ASAE standard 572) or a volume mean diameter of 300 microns or greater for spinning atomizer nozzles.
Do not apply at wind speeds greater than 15 mph. Only apply this product if the wind direction favors on-target deposition and there are not sensitive areas (including, but not limited to, bodies of water, known habitat for nontarget species, nontarget crops) within 250 feet downwind. If applying a Medium spray, leave one swath unsprayed at the downwind edge of the treated field.
If applying at wind speeds less than 3 mph, the applicator must determine if: a)conditions of temperature inversion exist, or b) stable atmospheric conditions exist at or below nozzle height. Do not make applications into areas of temperature inversions or stable atmospheric conditions.
Do not apply under circumstances where spray drift may occur to food, forage, or other plantings that might be damaged or crops thereof rendered unfit for sale, use or consumption. Susceptible crops include, but are not limited to, cotton, okra, flowers, grapes (in growing stage), fruit trees (foliage), soybeans (vegetative stage), ornamentals, sunflowers, tomatoes, beans, and other vegetables, or tobacco. Small amounts of spray drift that might not be visible may injure susceptible broadleaf plants.
Other State and Local Requirements
Applicators must follow all state and local pesticide drift requirements regarding application of 2,4-D herbicides. Where states have more stringent regulations, they must be observed.
All ground application equipment must be properly maintained and calibrated using appropriate carriers or surrogates. Additional requirements for ground boom application: Do not apply with a nozzle height greater than 4 feet above the turf canopy.
Post Emergent Control of Grassy Weeds
Q4 Plus Turf Herbicide for Grassy & Broadleaf Weeds can provide post emergent control and suppression of the grassy weeds listed in Table 1. Apply to weeds during the growth stages as shown in Table 1. Applications under adequate soil moisture conditions are preferred. Early summer treatments are generally more effective. Applications in the summer (approximately July 15 to August 15) to older, drought stressed grassy weeds are less effective. Late summer applications (after August 15) to mature crabgrass can be very effective. Weed control is affected by the spray volume, timing and the weed growth stages (see Tables 1, 2, and 3).
Post Emergent Control of Broadleaf Weeds
Apply this product to broadleaf weeds that are young and actively growing for the best results. Spring and fall treatments under adequate soil moisture conditions are preferred to the summer treatments. Generally, summer broadcast applications to older, drought stressed weeds are less effective. Fall applications provide improved control for emerged winter annuals and perennials such as henbit, chickweed, clover and ground ivy.
The maximum number of broadcast applications is limited to 2 per year. Spot treatments during the spring and summer are suitable for sparse infestations or as a follow-up treatment to a broadcast application on an “as-needed” basis. Second or follow-up applications as either broadcast or spot treatments should be made after the initial application on ornamental turfgrass and are recommended for more mature weeds, for dense infestations and for adverse environmental conditions.
Other situations that may need two broadcast or follow-up treatments include the following:
- Under certain conditions, applications of this product at the 3 to 4 tiller stage of the annual grasses may not provide complete control.
- All weed grasses do not germinate at the same time. The period of germination for crabgrass and annual grasses can extend into the summer after the initial application of this product and results may be poor and erratic.
- Dense infestations of weeds may prevent thorough spray coverage of the target weeds.
- Biotypes of large and smooth crabgrass in California have shown varied response to quinclorac. If control failure occurs following a second application, do not reapply this product. Change to a herbicide with a different mode of action.
Extremes in environmental conditions, i.e. temperature and moisture, soil conditions, and cultural practices may affect the activity of this product. Under warm moist conditions, herbicide symptoms may be accelerated. Under dry conditions, the expression of herbicide symptoms is generally delayed, and weeds hardened off by drought may be less susceptible to this product.
If objectionable turf injury occurs with the first application, then avoid making the second application of this product until the turfgrass recovery is complete.
Do not broadcast apply this product when temperatures are above 90°F temporary turfgrass discoloration can also be expected with spot treatments when air temperatures exceed 90°F.
Arizona: Do not use this product on sod farms in Arizona.
California: Make broadcast applications only between March 1 and September 1. If troublesome weeds appear during other times of the year, a spot application can be made. While irrigation is necessary and important for plant growth, apply irrigation water efficiently so that no more than 125% of the net irrigation requirement is applied for any irrigation event. Apply efficient irrigations for six months following application of sulfentrazone containing products. Do not apply product to bare ground.
New York: For use in New York State by spot treatment only. Spray individual weeds only. Adjust the sprayer to coarse spray to minimize wind drift. Apply to center of the weed and spray lightly to cover. Not for sale, distribution, or use in Nassau or Suffolk Counties in New York State.
- Calibration and proper application are essential when using this product. Spray coverage should be uniform and complete.
- Over applications can result in turfgrass injury.
Cool-Season Turf listed in Table 2: Mix 2.6 to 3.0 fl. oz. of this product with 1.0 gallons of water for treatment of approximately 1,000 sq. ft. of turfgrass. Apply to weeds during the growth stages as shown in Table 1.
Limitations for use on Ornamental Turf and Non-Cropland areas:
The maximum number of broadcast applications is limited to 2 per year with a minimum of 30 days between applications. The maximum application rate is 8 pints of product per acre per application (0.88 lb 2,4-D ae and 0.10 lb dicamba ae/A/application). The maximum seasonal rate is 16 pints of product per acre per year (1.76 lb 2,4-D ae and 0.20 lb dicamba ae/A/year).
Limitation for use on Sod Farms:
The maximum number of broadcast applications is limited to 2 per year with a minimum of 21 days between applications. The maximum application rate is 8 pints of product per acre per application (0.88 lb 2,4-D ae and 0.10 lb dicamba ae/A/application). The maximum seasonal rate is 16 pints of product per acre per year (1.76 lb 2,4-D ae and 0.20 lb dicamba ae/A/year).