CITRUS ORCHARD FLOORS
Insect control may be reduced at low spray volumes under high temperature and wind conditions.
Some reduction in insect control may occur under unusually cool conditions.
Flood irrigation: To avoid contamination of irrigation tail waters, do not flood irrigate within 24 hours following a soil surface or foliar application of Warhawk.
Insecticide Resistance Management (IRM)
Warhawk contains a Group 1B insecticide. Insect/mite biotypes with acquired resistance to Group 1B may eventually dominate the insect/mite population if Group 1B insecticides are used repeatedly in the same field or in successive years as the primary method of control for targeted species. This may result in partial or total loss of control of those species by Warhawk or other Group 1B insecticides.
To delay development of insecticide resistance, the following practices are recommended:
- Avoid consecutive use of insecticides with the same mode of action (same insecticide group) on the same insect species.
- Use tank mixtures or premix products containing insecticides with different modes of action (different insecticide groups) provided the products are registered for the intended use.
- Base insecticide use on comprehensive Integrated Pest Management (IPM) programs.
- Monitor treated insect populations in the field for loss of effectiveness.
- Contact your local extension specialist, certified crop advisor, and/or manufacturer for insecticide resistance management and/or IPM recommendations for the specific site and resistant pest problems.
Broadcast Foliar Application
Apply with conventional power-operated spray equipment using nozzles and spray pressures specified for insecticides. Apply Warhawk in a spray volume of not less than 2 gallons per acre for aerial application equipment (fixed wing or helicopter) or not less than 10 gallons per acre for ground equipment, unless otherwise specified. Increase spray volume to ensure adequate coverage with increased density and height of crop canopy. See Spray Drift Precautions section for specifications on droplet size.
Ground Application: Orient the boom and nozzles so that uniform coverage is obtained. The swath width should not be wider than the boom. Follow nozzle manufacturer's recommendations for insecticide nozzles with respect to nozzle type, pressure, and spacing.
Broadcast Soil Application
Apply with conventional power-operated spray equipment that will apply the product uniformly to the soil surface. Use nozzles that produce medium or coarse droplets (235-400 microns). Unless otherwise indicated, a spray volume of 10 gallons or more per acre is recommended. For band application, use proportionally less spray volume.
Use a minimum spray volume of 2 gallons per acre and follow recommendations for best management practices for aerial application, above.
Marking of swaths by flagging, permanent markers or use of GPS equipment is recommended.
CITRUS ORCHARD FLOORS
- Not for Use in Mississippi
- Apply as a ground broadcast spray directed to the orchard floor to control foraging ants and suppress mounds. Do not apply spray to contact foliage or fruit. Apply in a total spray volume of 25 gpa or more using equipment that will apply the spray uniformly to the soil surface. Use a higher rate in the rate range for increased pest pressure. For best results, remove weed growth or other obstructions that might prevent the spray from reaching the soil surface. Foliar applications of Warhawk or other products containing chlorpyrifos may be made in addition to the orchard floor treatments but must comply with the 10 day re-treatment interval (see Specific Use Restrictions).
- Chemigation:Warhawk may be applied to citrus orchard floors through sprinkler irrigation systems only if the system uniformly covers the soil surface at the base of the tree. Apply at recommended broadcast application rates to control listed pests. See Chemigation (Sprinkler Irrigation) section for application instructions.
- Note: Do not apply in tank mixture with Evik herbicide.
- Ant species: Excludes fire, harvester, carpenter, and pharaoh ants.
- Application with Dry Bulk Fertilizer: Most dry fertilizers can be used for impregnation with Warhawk. Apply Warhawk at the equivalent broadcast rate using a minimum of 200 lb per acre of dry bulk fertilizer.
- Impregnation of Dry Bulk Fertilizer: Use a closed rotary drum mixer suitable for blending of dry bulk fertilizer equipped with an internal spray nozzle. Add the dry fertilizer to the mixer followed by the appropriate amount of Warhawk. After mixing the dry ingredients to ensure uniformity, add water through the spray nozzle in an amount sufficient to just dampen the mixture (4 to 8 pints of water per ton of fertilizer). The spray nozzle should be positioned within the mixer to provide uniform coverage of the tumbling mixture of fertilizer and Warhawk. Addition of water will cause Warhawk to uniformly adhere to the dry bulk fertilizer. Bulk fertilizers impregnated with Warhawk should be applied immediately, not stored. Foliar applications of Warhawk may be made in addition to the orchard floor treatments.
- Compliance with any and all federal and state laws and regulations relating to the Warhawk and fertilizer mixture is the responsibility of the person offering such mixture for sale or distribution.
Specific Use Restrictions:
- Preharvest Interval: Do not apply last treatment within 28 days before harvest.
- Do not make more than 3 applications of Warhawk or other products containing chlorpyrifos per year (does not include foliar applications to citrus trees).
- Do not make a second application of Warhawk or other product containing chlorpyrifos within 10 days of the first application.
- Do not allow meat or dairy animals to graze in treated areas.
- Maximum single application rate is 1 lb ai chlorpyrifos per acre.