MISCANTHUS AND OTHER NON-FOOD PERENNIAL BIOENERGY CROPS
This product is for control of yellow nutsedge and the annual grasses and broadleaf weeds listed in the “WEEDS CONTROLLED” section of the label. This product alone will not control emerged seedlings. This product may be applied either as a surface application before or after planting, or after crop emergence. This product may also be shallowly incorporated prior to planting to blend the herbicide treatment into the upper 1 to 2 inches of soil. Except for minimum or conservation tillage systems, the seedbed should be fine, firm and free of clods and trash.
Read and carefully observe precautionary statements and all other information appearing on the labeling of all products used in mixtures and sequential treatments. Use according to the most restrictive label directions in the mixture.
This chemical demonstrates the properties and characteristics associated with chemicals detected in ground water. The use of this chemical in areas where soils are permeable, particularly where the ground water is shallow, may result in ground water contamination.
On the following soil types, do not apply this product within 150 feet of any well where the depth to ground water is 30 feet or less: sands with less than 3 percent organic matter; loamy sands with less than 2 percent organic matter; or sandy loams with less than 1 percent organic matter. See the figure for additional clarification.
This product may not be mixed or loaded within 50 feet of any wells (including abandoned wells and drainage wells), sink holes, intermittent streams and rivers, and natural or impounded lakes and reservoirs. This setback does not apply to properly capped or plugged abandoned wells and does not apply to impervious pad or properly diked mixing/loading areas.
Operations that involve mixing, loading, rinsing, or washing of this product into or from pesticide handling or application equipment or containers within 50 feet of any well are prohibited unless conducted on an impervious pad constructed to withstand the weight of the heaviest load that may be positioned on or moved across the pad. Such a pad shall be designed and maintained to contain any product spills or equipment leaks, container or equipment rinse or washwater, and rainwater that may fall on pad. Surface water shall not be allowed to either flow over or from the pad, which means the pad must be self-contained. The pad shall be sloped to facilitate material removal. An unroofed pad shall be of sufficient capacity to contain a minimum of 110 percent of the capacity of the largest pesticide container or application equipment on the pad. A pad that is covered by a roof of sufficient size to completely exclude precipitation from contact with the pad shall have a minimum containment capacity of 100 percent of the capacity of the largest pesticide container or application equipment on the pad. Containment capacities as described above shall be maintained at all times. The above specified minimum containment capacities do not apply to vehicles when delivering pesticide shipments to the mixing/loading site. States may have in effect additional requirements regarding wellhead setbacks and operational containment.
Do not flood irrigate to apply or incorporate this product.
Product must be used in a manner which will prevent back siphoning into wells, spills or improper disposal of excess pesticide, spray mixtures or rinsates.
Do not apply this product through any type of irrigation system.
Disposal of excess pesticide, spray mixtures or rinsate should be according to label use instructions or according to the State Pesticide or Environmental Control Agency or the Hazardous Waste representative at the nearest EPA regional office.
Do not apply under conditions which favor runoff or wind erosion of soil containing this product to non-target areas. To prevent off-site movement due to runoff or wind erosion:
Avoid treating powdery dry or light sandy soils when conditions are favorable for wind erosion.
Under these conditions, the soil surface should first be settled by rainfall or irrigation.
Do not apply to impervious substrates such as paved or highly compacted surfaces or frozen or snow covered soils.
Do not use tailwater from the first flood or furrow irrigation of treated fields to treat non-target crops unless at least 1/2 inch of rainfall has occurred between application and the first irrigation.
Do not apply this product using aerial application equipment.
Do not apply when wind conditions favor drift to non-target sites. To minimize spray drift to non-target areas:
Use low-pressure application equipment capable of producing a large droplet spray.
Do not use nozzles that produce a fine droplet spray. Minimize drift by using sufficient spray volume to ensure adequate coverage with large droplet size sprays.
Keep ground driven spray boom as low as possible above the target surface.
Make application when the wind velocity favors on-target product deposition (approximately 3 to 10 miles per hour). Do not apply when wind velocity exceeds 15 miles per hour. Avoid application when gusts approach 15 miles per hour.
Low humidity and high temperatures increase the likelihood of spray drift to sensitive areas. Avoid spraying during conditions of low humidity and/or high temperatures. Do not apply during inversion conditions.
Use of this product not consistent with the label may result in injury to persons, animals or crops, or other unintended consequences.
Flush sprayer with clean water after use.
Applicators should evaluate soil conditions carefully to assure that they choose the correct label rate. The recommended use rates of this product and the other herbicides labeled for use in tank mixtures with this product vary with soil texture. Unless soil texture is specifically named, rate tables throughout the label refer to only three soil textural groups: coarse, medium and fine.
Ground Broadcast Treatment
Apply this product and the labeled tank mixtures in 10 or more gallons of solution per acre using broadcast boom equipment. The carrier may be either water or sprayable fluid fertilizer as specified for the crop to be treated in the “DIRECTIONS FOR USE” section of the label. Do not apply during periods of gusty winds, when winds are in excess of 15 miles per hour or when other conditions favoring drift exist.
Ground Band Treatment
Apply a broadcast equivalent rate and volume per acre.
APPLICATION TIMING AND METHODS
Early Preplant Surface Application
This product and some labeled tank mixtures of this product may be applied in no-till and other conservation tillage systems before weeds emerge and up to 45 days before planting field corn or silage corn. Split applications can be made 30 to 45 days prior to planting with 60 percent of the broadcast rate applied initially and the remaining 40 percent applied at planting. Applications made less than 30 days prior to planting can be made either as a split or as a single application. If weeds are present at the time of application, apply this product in a tank mixture with an appropriate contact herbicide. Observe directions for use, precautions and restrictions on the label of the contact herbicide. During the planting operation, be careful not to move untreated soil to the surface or move treated soil out of the row, as weed control may be reduced.
Preplant Incorporation Application
This product and many of the labeled tank mixtures may be mixed into the soil using shallow incorporation equipment any time within 14 days prior to planting. Apply the product to the soil surface as a broadcast application. Either existing soil moisture or subsequent precipitation or irrigation is required to bring incorporated herbicide treatments into contact with germinating weed seedlings. If weeds emerge after treatment, rotary hoe or shallowly cultivate immediately to improve performance.
Shallowly incorporate the treatment into the upper 1 to 2 inches of the soil. Equipment should be operated at manufacturer’s designed speed for incorporation to ensure adequate mixing and distribution of the herbicide treatment in the soil. Equipment design including any drag attachments must be adequate to avoid soil ridging which may result in streaked or reduced weed control. Equipment should be set to work the soil NO DEEPER THAN 4 INCHES. Soil conditions, including moisture content and crop residue levels, must be suitable to allow thorough and uniform mixing.
Preemergence Surface Application
This product and all labeled tank mixtures may be applied to the soil surface after planting and prior to either crop or weed emergence. Apply within 5 days of last preplant tillage.
If weeds emerge after treatment, or if treatment is applied more than 5 days after last preplant tillage, rotary hoe or shallowly cultivate immediately to improve performance.
Precipitation or overhead sprinkler irrigation is required after application to move the herbicide treatment into the weed germination zone. The amount of precipitation or overhead sprinkler irrigation required depends on existing soil mixture, soil type and percent organic matter content, but 1/4 to 3/4 inch is normally adequate. Performance is improved when moisture is received within 7 days after application and prior to weed emergence. High intensity or excessive rainfall or excessive irrigation after application may reduce control.
Postemergence Surface Application
This product and certain tank mixtures may be applied postemergence until corn reaches 11 inches in height. Application must be made prior to weed seedling emergence or in a tank-mixture that controls emerged weeds. Read and follow all restrictions and directions on tank-mix product labels. Refer to the specific treatment intended in the “DIRECTIONS FOR USE” section of the label to determine if postemergence applications to corn are recommended and determine the proper weed and corn growth stage limitations.
Precipitation or overhead sprinkler irrigation is required after application to move the herbicide treatment into the weed germination zone to control unemerged weeds. The amount of precipitation or irrigation required depends on existing soil moisture, soil type and percent organic matter content, but 1/4 to 3/4 inch is normally adequate. If weeds emerge after treatment, rotary hoe or shallowly cultivate to improve performance.
DO NOT apply postemergence to sweet corn.
DO NOT make postemergence surface applications using sprayable fluid fertilizer as the carrier because severe crop injury may occur.
Delay cultivation after application for as long as possible unless weeds or grasses emerge. Shallowly cultivate or rotary hoe immediately if weeds or grasses emerge. If cultivation is necessary because of soil crusting or compaction, set equipment shallow and minimize lateral soil movement to avoid dilution or displacement of the herbicide treatment. If a band application is used and weeds have emerged in the treated band, set cultivator to throw soil into the row covering the band.
Cupgrass woolly: Use 3 to 3.4 pints per acre of this product applied alone or in tank-mix combinations for best results. Control can be erratic especially under dry weather conditions. Control escaped weeds with cultivation or application of an appropriate EPA-registered postemergence herbicide. Contact the local retailer representative for details regarding a complete woolly cupgrass management program.
Millet, proso, Shattercane: Use 3 to 3.4 pints per acre of this product to reduce competition from this weed.
Cocklebur, Morningglory, Ragweed giant, Sunflower common: Use a minimum of 1.5 quarts atrazine 4L per acre in tank mixture combinations to control this weed. Control can be erratic especially under dry weather conditions. Control escaped weeds with cultivation or application of an appropriate EPA-registered postemergence herbicide.
Kochia: If triazine-resistant biotypes are suspected, tank mixtures with triazine herbicides may require a post sequential application of a non-triazine herbicide for control.
Lambsquarters, Ragweed common: Use the higher rate in the application rate range for Confidence herbicide alone and in tank mixtures with triazine herbicides if triazine-resistant biotypes are suspected.
Velvetleaf, Buttonweed: Use a minimum of 1.5 quarts atrazine per acre in tank-mixture combinations to control this weed. In areas restricted to 1 pound atrazine per acre (1 quart atrazine 4L) or where less atrazine per acre is desired, on medium- and fine-textured soils, use 2.75 pints of Confidence herbicide in a tank mixture with 1 quart atrazine 4L per acre for control of this weed. Control can be erratic especially under dry weather conditions. Control escaped weeds with cultivation or application of an appropriate EPA-registered postemergence herbicide.
Pigweed, Carelessweed, Nutsedge yellow: Use 2.5 to 3.4 pints per acre of this product applied alone or in tank mixtures and apply preplant incorporated only for control on medium and fine-textured soils.
Sunflower common, Velvetleaf, Buttonweed: When using a tank mixture of Confidence herbicide plus Pursuit, these weeds are more consistently controlled by preplant incorporated treatments.
Geographic Restriction on Fall Applications: only in Iowa, Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin, north of Route 91 in Nebraska and north of Route 136 in Illinois
Following soybean harvest, apply to soybean stubble after September 30, when the sustained soil temperature at 4-inch depth is less that 55°F, but before ground freezes. Use on medium- and fine-textured soils with greater than 2.5% organic matter. Only corn may be planted the following spring.
Ground may be tilled before or after application. Do not exceed 2-inch incorporation depth if tilled after application.
If a spring application is made, the total rate of the fall plus spring application must not exceed the maximum labeled rate for corn grown on that soil.
Refer in the label regarding tank mix information.
MISCANTHUS AND OTHER NON-FOOD PERENNIAL BIOENERGY CROPS
For weed control in Miscanthus and other non-food perennial bioenergy crops, apply Confidence herbicide at 1.3-1.7 pints per acre after the crop has been transplanted or after fully emerged to a height of at least 2-3 inches.
Up to two applications of Confidence herbicide may be made each year. The total amount of this product applied each year must not exceed 3.4 pints per acre.
Do not allow the Miscanthus or other non-food perennial bioenergy crop treated with Confidence herbicide to be grazed or used as animal feed.