ONIONS - PREEMERGENCE

General Information

PRODUCT INFORMATION

Broclean is formulated as an emulsifiable concentrate of octanoic acid ester of bromoxynil containing the equivalent of 2.0 pounds of bromoxynil per gallon.

Broclean is a selective postemergence herbicide for control of important broadleaf weeds infesting field corn, popcorn, sorghum (grain and forage), barley, oats, rye, triticale, wheat, seedling alfalfa, flax, onions (dry bulb), garlic, mint (established peppermint and spearmint), Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) areas, grasses grown for seed or sod production, non-residential turfgrass, and non-cropland and industrial sites. Optimum weed control is obtained when Broclean is applied to actively growing weed seedlings. Broclean is primarily a contact herbicide, therefore thorough coverage of the weed seedlings is essential for optimum control. Broclean has little residual activity. Therefore subsequent flushes of weeds will not be controlled by the initial treatment. Generally crops that form a good canopy will help shade subsequent weed flushes. However, certain crops or short-straw varieties, for example Yaccora Rojo wheat, may not develop the crop canopy fast enough to shade the subsequent flushes of weeds. Occasional transitory leaf burn may occur. The temporary leaf burn is similar to that seen with liquid fertilizer. Because the activity of Broclean is not systemic, recovery of the crop is generally rapid with no lasting effect. Frequency and amount of leaf burn may be greater when crops are stressed by abrasive winds, cool to cold evening temperatures or mechanical injury, such as that caused by hail, sleet or insect feeding. To reduce the potential for temporary leaf burn, applications should be made to dry foliage in the specified spray volumes per acre when weather conditions are not extreme.

CULTIVATION

When properly utilized, timely cultivations of row crops may aid overall weed control efforts as well as crop growth. However, cultivation BEFORE or DURING Broclean applications may place target weeds under stress, resulting in erratic weed control. Whenever Broclean is being utilized in an overall weed control program, plan to postpone any anticipated cultivations until 5 to 7 days after application to ensure best performance.

GROUND APPLICATION

Use a standard herbicide boom sprayer that provides uniform and accurate application. Sprayer should be equipped with screens no finer than 50 mesh in the nozzle tips and in-line strainers.

Select a spray volume and delivery system that will ensure thorough and uniform spray coverage. For optimum spray distribution and thorough coverage, use of flat fan nozzles (maximum tip size 8008) with a minimum spray pressure of 40-60 psi are recommended. Other nozzle types and lower spray pressures that produce coarse spray droplets may not provide adequate coverage of the weeds to ensure optimum control. Raindrop nozzles are not recommended as weed control with Broclean may be reduced. A spray volume of 10.0 to 20.0 gallons per acre (GPA) is needed for optimum spray coverage. A minimum of 5.0 GPA with a minimum spray pressure of 50 psi and a maximum ground speed of 10 mph may be used with higher speed, low volume ground application if ground terrain, crop and weed density allow effective spray distribution.

When using higher speed equipment a maximum speed of 10 mph is suggested if field conditions cause excessive boom movement during application which results in poor spray coverage. Ground applications made when dry, dusty field conditions exist may provide reduced weed control in wheel track areas. Applications using less than 10.0 gallons per acre may result in reduced weed control.

When weed infestations are heavy, use of higher spray volumes and spray pressure will be helpful in obtaining uniform weed coverage. When corn or grain sorghum are large enough to interfere with the spray pattern, drop nozzles should be used to obtain uniform weed coverage. If you are unsure of the infestation level or the size of the crop, consult your local extension service.

Do not apply when winds are gusty or when other conditions favor poor spray coverage and/or off-target spray movement.

AERIAL APPLICATION

Use orifice discs, cores and nozzle types and arrangements that will provide for optimum spray distribution and maximum coverage. In general a minimum spray volume of 5 GPA and a maximum pressure of 40 psi are recommended.

Do not apply during inversion conditions, when winds are gusty or when other conditions favor poor spray coverage and/or off target spray movement. Off target spray movement can be minimized by increasing the spray volume per acre and not applying when winds exceed 10 mph.

CALIFORNIA REGISTRATIONS

Only the following uses referenced in the label are registered for use in California: seedling alfalfa, small grains (wheat, barley, oats, rye and triticale), flax, corn (post emergence application only), sorghum (post emergence application only), onions (dry bulb), garlic; chemigation in seedling alfalfa, barley, oats, rye, triticale, wheat, onions (dry bulb) and garlic; 2,4-D and MCPA tank mixtures in barley, oats, rye, triticale, wheat; 2,4-D and atrazine tank mixtures in corn and sorghum; 2,4-DB tank mixture in seedling alfalfa; grass for seed and sod production, non-residential turfgrass; and non-cropland and industrial sites. All applications must be made with a minimum spray volume of 10 GPA by ground or 5 GPA by air equipment.

Do not use or store near heat or open flame.

Limitations, Restrictions, and Exceptions

ONIONS

- Preemergence use restricted to onions east of the Mississippi River only on muck soils containing greater than 10% organic matter. Apply at least 3 to 4 days prior to emergence. Rainfall or irrigation within 2 days following preemergence applications or 3 days prior to crop emergence may result in unacceptable crop injury. Preemergence applications can be applied using either ground or aerial equipment.

WEEDS

- Apply BROCLEAN at 1 pint/A to control MOST SUSCEPTIBLE weeds and 1.5 pints/A for SUCEPTIBLE weeds. Weeds should not exceed the 4 leaf stage, 2 inches in height or 1 inch in diameter, whichever comes first.

RESTRICTIONS AND PRECAUTIONS: Onions

- The sensitivity of onions to BROCLEAN varies with the variety and environmental conditions. Therefore, even if all the label directions are followed, BROCLEAN application still may cause injury to onions under certain circumstances.

- Do not irrigate onions that have received a preemergence application of BROCLEAN for 2 days following application or within 3 days of crop emergence.

- Do not use BROCLEAN preemergence to onions grown west of the Mississippi River.

- Do not use BROCLEAN on onions grown under low light intensity, in areas such as Oregon, west of the Cascades.

- Do not treat onions damaged by sand, insects, or diseases.

- Do not apply postemergence applications of BROCLEAN to onions with aerial equipment.

- Do not add surfactant.

- Maximum 0.5 lb ai/A per season.

- Observe a minimum 30 day preharvest interval.

Restricted Entry Interval

12 hours