ORNAMENTAL PLANTS - MEDIUM RATE

General Information

PRODUCT DESCRIPTION:

Azahar Insecticide is a botanical product for control of insects on indoor and outdoor plants including ornamental trees, shrubs, flowers, turfgrass, fruit trees and nut trees.

When used as a component of an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) program, Azahar Insecticide provides an effective resistance management tool.

MODE OF ACTION:

Azahar Insecticide controls target pests on contact or by ingestion. The product acts on pests by way of repellence, anti-feedance, and interference with the molting process.

Azadirachtin, an insect growth regulator (IGR), mimics the pests’ hormones and disrupts distinct stages of growth and development of insects and mites. The primary mode of action of azadirachtin is an interference with synthesis and metabolism of ecdysone and the juvenile hormone. Ecdysone is the molting hormone of insects, and azadirachtin can regulate growth leading to death before or during molting.

Limitations, Restrictions, and Exceptions

INDOOR AND OUTDOOR ORNAMENTAL TREES, SHRUBS, FLOWERS, AND PLANTS ESTABLISHED IN RESIDENTIAL, LANDSCAPE PLANTINGS AROUND INSTITUTIONAL, PUBLIC, COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDINGS, PARKS, RECREATIONAL AREAS, GREENHOUSES, SHADECLOTHS, NURSERIES, AND ATHLETIC FIELDS.

Azahar Insecticide has been evaluated for phytotoxicity on a wide range of ornamentals and crops. However, since testing on all plant varieties is not feasible, test a small portion of the area to be treated for phytotoxicity before treating the entire area. All possible combinations or sequences of pesticide sprays, including other fertilizers, surfactants, adjuvants and other pesticides have not been tested. Thus, testing for phytotoxicity of spray mixtures is recommended.

The professional user assumes the responsibility for determining the level of tolerance of treated plants to Azahar Insecticide when applied alone or in tank-mix combinations under commercial growing conditions.

Waxy bloom on certain ornamental plants is reduced after a Azahar Insecticide application.

Applications of Azahar will remove the glaucus ‘blue’ coloring from evergreens such as Colorado blue spruce and Koster spruce.

APPLICATION EQUIPMENT

Ground Equipment

Apply Azahar Insecticide with hand-operated (manual) or power spray equipment suitable for low volume and/or high volume applications. Follow the recommendations of the equipment manufacturer when using backpack sprayers, hose-end sprayers, compression (pump-up) sprayers, and other sprayers suitable for foliar applications of insecticides.

Chemigation and Subsurface Equipment

Azahar Insecticide may also be applied through chemigation systems and sub-soil treatment equipment; always follow equipment manufacturer’s directions.

APPLICATION SCHEDULE

For the most effective control, apply the product when pests are expected to appear or as soon as possible after pests appear and are in immature stages. Spray at an interval of seven (7) to ten (10) days or as the situation warrants.

During high pest infestation levels or when canopy is dense use higher dosage (use) rates and increase the spray frequency. Spraying in the morning or evening hours is recommended. Repeat spraying if rain occurs within two to three hours of spraying. For additional guidance, consult with the state agricultural experiment station or local extension horticulturalist/arborist for information on tactics and windows of application.

APPLICATION RATES

Use Azahar Insecticide on ornamental pests as a spray concentration of 0.25 - 1.70% vol/vol per treatment with high volume applications in Table 2.

The application rates are specified as rate ranges depending upon the pest infestations:

Lower rate ranges with a spray concentration of 0.25 - 0.75% vol/vol: Use lower rate ranges for light infestations of lepidopterous insects, at the first sign or at the first observation of the early and uniform growth stages of the pest(s), and/or tank mixtures with contact insecticides.

Medium rate ranges with a spray concentration of 0.75 - 1.25% vol/vol: Use medium rate ranges for moderate infestations, when multiple growth stages of the pests are present, and/or heterogeneous pesticide populations are present.

Upper rate ranges with a spray concentration of 1.25 - 1.70% vol/vol: Use upper rate ranges for moderate to heavy pest populations of difficult-to-control pest species, for the late stages of larva/worms, for dense foliage, and/or when re-infestations occur.

High Volume Applications:

Apply Azahar Insecticide at spray concentration of 0.25 - 1.70% v/v in sufficient amounts of water to achieve complete coverage. Use an adequate spray volume to wet the leaves (foliage) and stems. Spray volumes will vary with the plant size. Attempt to penetrate dense foliage. Thorough coverage of the upper and lower leaf surfaces is critical for effective levels of control.

Refer to Table 3 for the amounts of Azahar Insecticide required to prepare spray concentrations of 0.25% to 1.70% for spray volumes of 1 gallon to 200 gallons.

Specialized Low Volume Applications:

Select a spray volume to achieve sufficient coverage. Uniform coverage of both upper and lower leaf surfaces is critical for effective insect control.

Apply Azahar Insecticide in a minimum spray volume of 5 gallons per acre. Larger plants will require the higher spray volumes (20 - 25 gallons per acre) to obtain sufficient coverage. Do not exceed 20 grams active ingredient per acre per application or 57 fl. oz. of product per acre per application. Refer to Table 4 for the amounts of Azahar Insecticide required to prepare spray concentrations of 0.25% to 1.70% for spray volumes of 5 - 25 gallons per acre.

SPECIFIC USE INSTRUCTIONS:

Decision-making for IPM:

Scouting, monitoring, sampling, record-keeping, and predictive models are techniques to determine if and when insecticide/miticide applications are needed. The application schedule should coincide with the most vulnerable stage of the pest. For azadirachtin, target the most vulnerable stages of young larvae and young nymphs. The early larval stages and the early instar stages are more susceptible to this IGR than the later stages of the same pests.

For Lepidoptera:

- Armyworms: Apply when larvae are small.

- Bagworms: Apply when bags are small and larvae are actively feeding.

- Gypsy moth larvae: Apply when larvae are small and all eggs have hatched.

- Spruce budworms: Apply when larvae are exposed and actively feeding.

For Acarina:

- Spider mites: Apply when nymphs are first observed and before mite populations have become severe. Use multiple applications with 7-10 day intervals until infestation is controlled. Thorough coverage of both upper and lower leaf surfaces is needed.

For Thysanoptera:

- Thrips: Apply early at first signs of infestation and repeat until infestation is controlled.

For Hymenoptera:

- Sawfly: Apply when larvae are small. Refer to tree injection method of the label.

For Hemiptera and Homoptera:

- Leafhoppers: Apply when first observed and repeat applications at 5 - 7 day intervals.

- Mealybugs: Obtain thorough coverage of leaves and twigs.

- Scale: Obtain thorough coverage of leaves and twigs.

For Coleoptera:

- Beetles: Apply early at first signs of infestation and repeat applications at 7 - 10 day intervals.

- Japanese beetle (adults): Use foliar applications to repel adult feeding and treat at 5 - 7 day intervals.

For Diptera:

- Leafminers: Apply early to larvae when stippling or mining of leaves is first observed. Repeat applications at 7 - 10 day intervals until

infestation is controlled.

SPRAY CONCENTRATION% - Medium rate ranges of 0.75 - 1.25% vol/vol

Restricted Entry Interval

4 hours