LEAFY VEGETABLES

General Information

RESTRICTIONS

- Use the product only in commercial and farm plantings.

- Not for use in home plantings.

- Not for use on ornamental plants or plants being grown for ornamental purposes.

- Do not use in greenhouses.

- Do not treat plants grown for transplanting.

- Do not apply to crops grown from thiamethoxam treated seed.

- Do not apply through any irrigation system (chemigation) unless specified in the Crop Use Directions section of the label or in supplemental labeling.

- Use of adjuvants is only allowed on certain crops – see specific crop instructions for adjuvants in the Crop Use Directions section of the label.

- Voliam Flexi is highly toxic to bees exposed to direct treatment on blooming crops or weeds. Do not apply Voliam Flexi or allow it to drift to blooming crops or weeds while bees are foraging in/ or adjacent to the treated area.

INFORMATION

Voliam Flexi is a foliar-applied insecticide with dual modes of action that controls key lepidopteran insects, and listed sucking and chewing insect pests. Foliar application of Voliam Flexi exhibits excellent translaminar and locally systemic movement into plant tissue as well as accumulation on the leaf surface. Penetration into the leaf tissue forms a reservoir of active ingredient which results in extended residual control. Effective crop protection results from rapid feeding inhibition.

For best performance, always follow these directions:

- Apply Voliam Flexi when insect pest populations begin to build, but before populations reach economically damaging levels. Economic thresholds for pests controlled by Voliam Flexi may be available from your local agricultural authorities.

- Use of adjuvants is only allowed on certain crops – see specific crop instructions for adjuvants in the Crop Use Directions section of the label.

- Voliam Flexi is highly toxic to bees exposed to direct treatment on blooming crops or weeds. Do not apply Voliam Flexi or allow it to drift to blooming crops or weeds if bees are foraging adjacent to the treated area.

- Thorough spray coverage is essential for optimal performance. Apply Voliam Flexi in sufficient water to ensure good coverage. See specific application information in the Crop Use Directions section of the label. The use of higher water volumes will generally result in better coverage, especially under adverse conditions (e.g., hot, dry) or where a dense plant canopy exists.

- Voliam Flexi is rainfast once the spray solution has dried on treated plants.

- Voliam Flexi may aid in the suppression of some pests. Suppression can mean either inconsistent control (good to poor), or consistent control at a level below that generally considered acceptable for commercial control.

- Voliam Flexi has a wide margin of plant safety when used in accordance with the label.

RESISTANCE MANAGEMENT

Some insect pests are known to develop resistance to products after repeated use. Because resistance development cannot be predicted, the use of the product should conform to sound resistance management strategies established for the crop and use area. Syngenta encourages responsible product stewardship to ensure effective long-term control of the insects on the label.

Voliam Flexi contains a Group 4A insecticide (thiamethoxam, belonging to the neonicotinoid class of chemistry) and a Group 28 insecticide (chlorantraniliprole, belonging to the diamide class of chemistry). Insect biotypes with acquired or inherent resistance to Group 4A or Group 28 insecticides may eventually dominate the insect population if Group 4A or Group 28 insecticides are used repeatedly as the predominant method of control for targeted species. This may result in partial or total loss of control of those species by Voliam Flexi or other Group 4A or Group 28 insecticides.

If resistance to the product develops in your area, the product, or other products with a similar mode of action, may not provide adequate control. If poor performance cannot be attributed to improper application or extreme weather conditions, a resistant strain of insect may be present. If you experience difficulty with control and resistance is a reasonable cause, immediately consult your local company representative or agricultural advisor for the best alternative method of control for your area.

In order to maintain susceptibility to these classes of chemistry:

- Avoid using Group 4A and/or Group 28 insecticides exclusively for season long control of insect species with more than one generation per crop season.

- For insect species with successive or overlapping generations, apply Voliam Flexi or other Group 4A and/or Group 28 insecticides using a “treatment window” approach. A treatment window is a period of time as defined by the stage of crop development and/or the biology of the pests of concern. Within the treatment window, depending on the length of residual activity, there may either be single or consecutive applications (seed treatment, unless otherwise stated in the Directions for Use; soil; foliar) of the Group 4A and/or Group 28 insecticides. Do not exceed the maximum Voliam Flexi allowed per growing season.

- Following a treatment window of Group 4A and/or Group 28 insecticides, rotate to a treatment window of effective products with a different mode of action before making additional applications of Group 4A and/or Group 28 insecticides.

- It is recommended that Group 28 insecticides are only used during half of the crop growing season.

- A treatment window rotation, along with other IPM practices for the crop and use area, is considered an effective strategy for preventing or delaying a pest’s ability to develop resistance to these classes of chemistry.

- If resistance is suspected, do not reapply Voliam Flexi or other Group 4A or Group 28 insecticides.

Other Insect Resistance Management (IRM) practices include:

- Incorporating IPM techniques into your insect control program.

- Monitoring treated insect populations for loss of field efficacy.

- Using tank-mixtures or premixes with insecticides from a different target site of action group as long as the involved products are all registered for the same crop outlet and effective rates are applied.

For additional information on Insect Resistance Management:

- Contact your local extension specialist, certified crop advisor and/or product manufacturer for additional insect resistance management recommendations.

- Visit the Insecticide Resistance Action Committee (IRAC) on the web at http://www.irac-online.org/.

APPLICATION PROCEDURES

Ground Application

Select spray nozzles which will provide accurate and uniform spray deposition. Use spray nozzles, which provide medium-sized droplets and reduce drift. To help insure accuracy, calibrate sprayer before each use. For information on spray equipment and calibration, consult nozzle manufacturers and/or State Extension Service specialists.

Apply Voliam Flexi using sufficient water volume to provide thorough and uniform coverage. In situations where a dense canopy exists and/or pest pressure is high, use greater water volumes. The use of a spray adjuvant, as allowed under specific Crop Use Directions section of the label, may improve spray coverage but is not required. Do not make applications under conditions where uniform coverage cannot be obtained or where excessive spray drift may occur.

Precautions: (1) When using water volumes of 5-10 gals., fine-sized droplets may be used to improve spray coverage. (2) Select nozzles, which produce the desired droplet sizes at the normal rated pressure range. (3) When spraying fine-sized droplets, carefully check all nozzles for flow and calibrate the sprayer. (4) The sprayer should travel at a uniform speed across the field. (5) Monitor environmental conditions and follow Spray Drift Precautions carefully.

Aerial Application

Apply Voliam Flexi in water, using the minimum spray volume indicated in the Crop Use Directions section of the label. Increase spray volume where practical to improve coverage. Do not make application under conditions where uniform coverage cannot be obtained or where excessive spray drift may occur.

CROP USE DIRECTIONS

Pollinator Precautions

- Voliam Flexi is highly toxic to bees exposed to direct treatment or residues on blooming crops.

- For apples, do not apply Voliam Flexi after pre-bloom (early pink growth stage) or before post bloom (petal fall growth stage).

- For pears, do not apply Voliam Flexi after pre-bloom (green cluster stage) or before post bloom (petal fall growth stage).

- For stone fruit, do not apply Voliam Flexi between the pre-bloom (swollen bud) and post bloom (petal fall) growth stages.

- Do not apply Voliam Flexi or allow it to drift to blooming crops if bees are visiting the treatment area. This is especially critical if there are adjacent orchards that are blooming (Refer to Spray Drift Precautions for additional information).

- After a Voliam Flexi application, wait at least 5 days before placing beehives in the treated field.

- If bees are foraging in the ground cover and it contains any blooming plants or weeds, always remove flowers before making an application. This may be accomplished by mowing, disking, mulching, flailing, or applying a labeled herbicide.

- Consult with your local cooperative extension service or state agency responsible for regulating pesticide use for additional pollinator safety practices.

Limitations, Restrictions, and Exceptions

LEAFY VEGETABLES

Use Restrictions:

- Maximum Voliam Flexi Allowed per Growing Season: Do not exceed a total of 14.0 oz. of Voliam Flexi or 0.172 lb. a.i. of thiamethoxam containing products or 0.2 lb a.i. of chlorantraniliprole containing products per acre per growing season.

Application Timing: Scout fields and treat again if populations rebuild to potentially damaging levels. Apply higher rates for heavy infestations.

- Minimum Interval Between Applications: 7 days.

- Water Volume: Use sufficient water volume to ensure thorough coverage of foliage. Do not use less than 10 ground applications or 5 GPA for aerial applications.

- Do not use an adjuvant with applications of Voliam Flexi to Spinach: New Zealand and Vine, Amaranth, Arugula, Chervil, Chrysanthemum: edible-leaved and garland, Corn Salad, Cress: Garden and upland, Dandelion, Dock, Endive, Orach, Parsley, Purslane: Garden and Winter.

- Adjuvants may be used with Voliam Flexi applications to Lettuce: Head and Leaf, Celery, Chinese celery, Swiss chard, Cardoon, Celtuce, Fennel, Radicchio, and Rhubarb.

Refer to Pollinator Precautions section.

Refer to Resistance Management section.

Pre-Harvest Interval

7 days

Restricted Entry Interval

12 hours