SITE PREPARATION PRIOR TO ESTABLISHMENT OF TOLERANT GRASS SPECIES - WEEDS CONTROLLED - 21.3 TO 32 OUNCES PER ACRE

General Information

GENERAL INFORMATION

Journey is an aqueous solution to be mixed with water and an adjuvant and applied as a spray solution to provide weed control and/or turf height suppression on pastures, rangeland (see GUIDELINES FOR RANGELAND USE section), Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) land and noncropland areas including noncropland areas that may be grazed or cut for hay. Examples of noncropland areas include, but are not limited to railroad, utility, pipeline and highway rights-of-way, railroad crossings, utility plant sites, petroleum tank farms, pumping installations, non-agricultural fence rows, storage areas, non-irrigation ditchbanks, prairie sites, airports, industrial turf, recreational and nonresidential turf. Journey herbicide may be used for the release of unimproved common bermudagrass, vegetation management prior to the establishment of certain native prairiegrasses, forbs, other grasses, desirable brush species and wildflowers (see appropriate sections) and for wildlife habitat management.

Journey is readily absorbed through leaves, stems, and roots and is translocated rapidly throughout the plant, with accumulation in the meristematic regions. Treated plants stop growing soon after spray application. Chlorosis appears first in the newest leaves, and necrosis spreads from this point. In perennials, the herbicide is translocated into, and kills, underground storage organs, which prevents regrowth. Chlorosis and tissue necrosis may not be apparent in some plant species for several weeks after application. Complete kill of plants may not occur for several weeks after application. Adequate soil moisture is important for optimum Journey activity. When adequate soil moisture is present, Journey will provide residual control of susceptible germinating weeds. Activity on established weeds will depend on the weed species and rooting depth. Journey is rainfast one hour after application. Journey will control annual and perennial grasses and broadleaf weeds and vine species. Journey will provide residual control of labeled weeds which germinate in the treated area. Certain brush species and ornamentals may be injured by direct application of Journey to their foliage.

This product may be applied either preemergence or postemergence to the weeds. However, postemergence application is the method of choice in most situations, particularly for perennial species. For maximum activity, weeds should be growing vigorously at the time of postemergence applications and the spray solution should include an adjuvant (See ADJUVANTS section on the label). These solutions may be applied as a broadcast or as a spot treatment using backpack, or ground equipment. Journey may be applied in the dormant or growing season for weed control.

Some yellowing of unimproved common bermudagrass turf may occur with applications during the growing season. Depending on weather conditions, yellowing will usually disappear in 2 to 4 weeks.

Journey should not be applied to newly seeded or sprigged grass stands, but may be applied prior to new seeding of certain species.

SPRAYING INSTRUCTIONS

In areas where spray drift is a concern Journey should not be applied during windy or gusty conditions unless applications are being made with an enclosed or shielded spray system and/or the addition of a drift control agent. DO NOT apply if rainfall is threatening. Rainfall within 1 hour after postemergence Journey application may reduce weed control.

GROUND APPLICATIONS

Uniformly apply with properly calibrated ground equipment in 2 or more gallons of water per acre. Application equipment, specially designed to make low volume application should be used when making applications using less than 10 gallons of water per acre. A spray pressure of 20 to 40 psi is recommended.

Adjust the boom height to ensure proper coverage of weed foliage or soil surface (according to the manufacturer's recommendation). Avoid overlaps when spraying.

SPOT TREATMENTS

To prepare the spray solution, thoroughly mix in water 0.625 to 13% (0.8 to 17 oz./gallon water) Journey plus an adjuvant (see SPRAY ADJUVANTS FOR POSTEMERGENCE APPLICATIONS section). A methylated seed oil at 1% by spray volume is the recommended spray adjuvant. When making spot applications, spray coverage should be sufficient to moisten the leaves of the target vegetation, but not to the point of run-off. See section on desired species and DO NOT exceed the recommended Journey rate per acre. Also see WEEDS CONTROLLED, SPECIAL WEEDS CONTROLLED and RESIDUAL BAREGROUND WEED CONTROL sections of the label for specific rate and/or tank-mix recommendations.

GENERAL INFORMATION

Journey is an aqueous solution to be mixed with water and an adjuvant and applied as a spray solution to provide weed control and/or turf height suppression on pastures, rangeland (see GUIDELINES FOR RANGELAND USE section), Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) land and noncropland areas including noncropland areas that may be grazed or cut for hay. Examples of noncropland areas include, but are not limited to railroad, utility, pipeline and highway rights-of-way, railroad crossings, utility plant sites, petroleum tank farms, pumping installations, non-agricultural fence rows, storage areas, non-irrigation ditchbanks, prairie sites, airports, industrial turf, recreational and nonresidential turf. Journey herbicide may be used for the release of unimproved common bermudagrass, vegetation management prior to the establishment of certain native prairiegrasses, forbs, other grasses, desirable brush species and wildflowers (see appropriate sections) and for wildlife habitat management.

Journey is readily absorbed through leaves, stems, and roots and is translocated rapidly throughout the plant, with accumulation in the meristematic regions. Treated plants stop growing soon after spray application. Chlorosis appears first in the newest leaves, and necrosis spreads from this point. In perennials, the herbicide is translocated into, and kills, underground storage organs, which prevents regrowth. Chlorosis and tissue necrosis may not be apparent in some plant species for several weeks after application. Complete kill of plants may not occur for several weeks after application. Adequate soil moisture is important for optimum Journey activity. When adequate soil moisture is present, Journey will provide residual control of susceptible germinating weeds. Activity on established weeds will depend on the weed species and rooting depth. Journey is rainfast one hour after application. Journey will control annual and perennial grasses and broadleaf weeds and vine species. Journey will provide residual control of labeled weeds which germinate in the treated area. Certain brush species and ornamentals may be injured by direct application of Journey to their foliage.

This product may be applied either preemergence or postemergence to the weeds. However, postemergence application is the method of choice in most situations, particularly for perennial species. For maximum activity, weeds should be growing vigorously at the time of postemergence applications and the spray solution should include an adjuvant (See ADJUVANTS section in the label). These solutions may be applied as a broadcast or as a spot treatment using backpack, or ground equipment. Journey may be applied in the dormant or growing season for weed control.

Some yellowing of unimproved common bermudagrass turf may occur with applications during the growing season. Depending on weather conditions, yellowing will usually disappear in 2 to 4 weeks.

Journey should not be applied to newly seeded or sprigged grass stands, but may be applied prior to new seeding of certain species.

Ground Application (Broadcast): Use 5 or more gallons of water per acre. The actual minimum spray volume per acre is determined by the spray equipment used. Use adequate spray volume to provide accurate and uniform distribution of spray particles over the treated area and to avoid spray drift.

Aerial Application Methods and Equipment: Use 2 or more gallons of water per acre. The actual minimum spray volume per acre is determined by the spray equipment used. Use adequate spray volume to provide accurate and uniform distribution of spray particles over the treated area and to avoid spray drift.

SPRAYING INSTRUCTIONS

In areas where spray drift is a concern Journey should not be applied during windy or gusty conditions unless applications are being made with an enclosed or shielded spray system and/or the addition of a drift control agent. DO NOT apply if rainfall is threatening. Rainfall within 1 hour after postemergence Journey application may reduce weed control.

GROUND APPLICATIONS

Uniformly apply with properly calibrated ground equipment in 2 or more gallons of water per acre. Application equipment, specially designed to make low volume application should be used when making applications using less than 10 gallons of water per acre. A spray pressure of 20 to 40 psi is recommended.

Adjust the boom height to ensure proper coverage of weed foliage or soil surface (according to the manufacturer's recommendation). Avoid overlaps when spraying.

SPOT TREATMENTS

To prepare the spray solution, thoroughly mix in water 0.625 to 13% (0.8 to 17 oz./gallon water) Journey plus an adjuvant (see SPRAY ADJUVANTS FOR POSTEMERGENCE APPLICATIONS section). A methylated seed oil at 1% by spray volume is the recommended spray adjuvant. When making spot applications, spray coverage should be sufficient to moisten the leaves of the target vegetation, but not to the point of run-off. See section on desired species and DO NOT exceed the recommended Journey rate per acre. Also see WEEDS CONTROLLED, SPECIAL WEEDS CONTROLLED and RESIDUAL BAREGROUND WEED CONTROL sections of the label for specific rate and/or tank-mix recommendations.

AERIAL APPLICATION

All precautions should be taken to minimize or eliminate spray drift. Fixed wing aircraft and helicopters can be used to apply Journey; however, when making applications by fixed wing aircraft maintain appropriate buffer zones to prevent spray drift out of the target area. Aerial equipment designed to minimize spray drift such as a helicopter equipped with a Microfoil boom, or Thru-Valve boom or raindrop nozzles, must be used and calibrated. Except when applying with a Microfoil boom, a drift control agent may be added at the recommended label rate. To avoid drift, applications should not be made during inversion conditions, when winds are gusty, or under any other conditions that promote spray drift.

Uniformly apply recommended amount of Journey herbicide in sufficient spray volume to provide adequate coverage of target area or foliage. Include an adjuvant in the spray solution (See SPRAY ADJUVANTS FOR POSTEMERGENCE APPLICATIONS section). A foam reducing agent may be added at the recommended rate, if needed.

IMPORTANT: Thoroughly clean application equipment, including landing gear, immediately after use of this product. Prolonged exposure of this product to uncoated steel (except stainless steel) surfaces may result in corrosion and failure of the exposed part. The maintenance of an organic coating (paint) may prevent corrosion. Avoid overlaps when spraying.

Limitations, Restrictions, and Exceptions

SITE PREPARATION PRIOR TO THE ESTABLISHMENT OF DESIRABLE PLANT SPECIES

Journey may be used to control noxious weeds and other undesirable vegetation in preparation for the establishment of desirable plant species including some native prairiegrasses, other grasses, desirable brush, wildflowers and legumes. Because of the residual weed control char acteristics of Journey, only certain desirable species can be planted following a Journey application. Desirable plant species other than those listed may be established following a Journey application, but significant stand thinning or stand loss may occur. Desirable plant species tolerance will also be determined by the time duration between the Journey application and planting, the density of undesirable vegetation at the time of application and environmental factors. A longer time interval and higher undesirable vegetation cover will increase seeded desirable species tolerance.

For site preparation in noncropland areas prior to prairiegrass, wildflower and/or legume establishment, apply Journey preemergence or postemergence to the existing vegetation during active growth, at a rate of 10.7 to 32 oz. per acre. In prepared seedbeds, a maximum of 10.7 oz. per acre should be used in the spring prior to planting tolerant wildflower and legume species. Always include a spray adjuvant, preferably a methylated seed oil at one quart per acre. See WEEDS CONTROLLED and SPECIAL WEEDS CONTROLLED sections of the label for specific use recommendations. For rangeland applications to control cheatgrass, medusahead, annual mustards, etc., apply Journey pre-emergence or early postemergence to these weeds prior to planting. For best results for cheatgrass control, apply Journey late summer or fall before cheatgrass emerges and prior to planting desireable species. Journey can also be used as a site preparation in this manner prior to planting sage brush seedlings. The native prairiegrass, other grasses and wildflower species listed, may be planted at any time in the spring following the Journey application.

SPECIAL WEED CONTROL

ALWAYS ADD AN ADJUVANT to Journey herbicide (see SPRAY ADJUVANTS FOR POSTEMERGENCE APPLICATIONS section). Research has shown Methylated Seed Oil (MSO) surfactants provide Journey with superior control of perennial weeds. This effect is not always observed and is most prevalent on waxy leaf species, perennials and weeds under stress conditions. For the weeds listed below, it is recommended to use a MSO for best results. The use of nonionic surfactants or silicone based surfactants may result in less than acceptable control.

Johnsongrass & Itchgrass: For best results, apply Journey at the rate of 21 to 32 oz. per acre after johnsongrass or itchgrass has reached 18 to 24 inches in height at the whorl. Use the higher herbicide rates as density increases. Larger grass than specified above can be controlled.

Dallisgrass, Bahiagrass, Vaseygrass, Paspalum spp., Smutgrass: For best results, apply Journey at the rate of 16 to 32 oz. per acre postemergence after grass has reached 100% green-up. Use the higher herbicide rates as target grass weed densities and/or maturity increase. The addition of Pendulum herbicide will provide increased preemergence control of these grasses from seed.

High rates may result in stunting and growth suppression.

Journey applications prior to seeding sideoats and blue grama may result in thinning or loss of stand at higher rates.

Different species of wheatgrass (Agropyron, Elytrigia, Elymus, Pascopyrum, Pseudoroegneria) may show stand thinning at higher rates depending on soil type and environmental conditions.

The following weeds are only Suppressed on Preemergent application of Journey: Giant Ragweed, Thistle Bull, Mask and Platte.

The following weeds are only Suppressed on Postemergent application of Journey: Blue Vervain, Purple Robust Foxtail, and Goosegrass.

Restricted Entry Interval

12 hours