PASTURE AND RANGELAND - WEEDS CONTROLLED - 21.3 TO 32 OUNCES PER ACRE

General Information

GENERAL INFORMATION

Journey is an aqueous solution to be mixed with water and an adjuvant and applied as a spray solution to provide weed control and/or turf height suppression on pastures, rangeland (see GUIDELINES FOR RANGELAND USE section), Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) land and noncropland areas including noncropland areas that may be grazed or cut for hay. Examples of noncropland areas include, but are not limited to railroad, utility, pipeline and highway rights-of-way, railroad crossings, utility plant sites, petroleum tank farms, pumping installations, non-agricultural fence rows, storage areas, non-irrigation ditchbanks, prairie sites, airports, industrial turf, recreational and nonresidential turf. Journey herbicide may be used for the release of unimproved common bermudagrass, vegetation management prior to the establishment of certain native prairiegrasses, forbs, other grasses, desirable brush species and wildflowers (see appropriate sections) and for wildlife habitat management.

Journey is readily absorbed through leaves, stems, and roots and is translocated rapidly throughout the plant, with accumulation in the meristematic regions. Treated plants stop growing soon after spray application. Chlorosis appears first in the newest leaves, and necrosis spreads from this point. In perennials, the herbicide is translocated into, and kills, underground storage organs, which prevents regrowth. Chlorosis and tissue necrosis may not be apparent in some plant species for several weeks after application. Complete kill of plants may not occur for several weeks after application. Adequate soil moisture is important for optimum Journey activity. When adequate soil moisture is present, Journey will provide residual control of susceptible germinating weeds. Activity on established weeds will depend on the weed species and rooting depth. Journey is rainfast one hour after application. Journey will control annual and perennial grasses and broadleaf weeds and vine species. Journey will provide residual control of labeled weeds which germinate in the treated area. Certain brush species and ornamentals may be injured by direct application of Journey to their foliage.

This product may be applied either preemergence or postemergence to the weeds. However, postemergence application is the method of choice in most situations, particularly for perennial species. For maximum activity, weeds should be growing vigorously at the time of postemergence applications and the spray solution should include an adjuvant (See ADJUVANTS section on the label). These solutions may be applied as a broadcast or as a spot treatment using backpack, or ground equipment. Journey may be applied in the dormant or growing season for weed control.

Some yellowing of unimproved common bermudagrass turf may occur with applications during the growing season. Depending on weather conditions, yellowing will usually disappear in 2 to 4 weeks.

Journey should not be applied to newly seeded or sprigged grass stands, but may be applied prior to new seeding of certain species.

SPRAYING INSTRUCTIONS

In areas where spray drift is a concern Journey should not be applied during windy or gusty conditions unless applications are being made with an enclosed or shielded spray system and/or the addition of a drift control agent. DO NOT apply if rainfall is threatening. Rainfall within 1 hour after postemergence Journey application may reduce weed control.

GROUND APPLICATIONS

Uniformly apply with properly calibrated ground equipment in 2 or more gallons of water per acre. Application equipment, specially designed to make low volume application should be used when making applications using less than 10 gallons of water per acre. A spray pressure of 20 to 40 psi is recommended.

Adjust the boom height to ensure proper coverage of weed foliage or soil surface (according to the manufacturer's recommendation). Avoid overlaps when spraying.

SPOT TREATMENTS

To prepare the spray solution, thoroughly mix in water 0.625 to 13% (0.8 to 17 oz./gallon water) Journey plus an adjuvant (see SPRAY ADJUVANTS FOR POSTEMERGENCE APPLICATIONS section). A methylated seed oil at 1% by spray volume is the recommended spray adjuvant. When making spot applications, spray coverage should be sufficient to moisten the leaves of the target vegetation, but not to the point of run-off. See section on desired species and DO NOT exceed the recommended Journey rate per acre. Also see WEEDS CONTROLLED, SPECIAL WEEDS CONTROLLED and RESIDUAL BAREGROUND WEED CONTROL sections of the label for specific rate and/or tank-mix recommendations.

GENERAL INFORMATION

Journey is an aqueous solution to be mixed with water and an adjuvant and applied as a spray solution to provide weed control and/or turf height suppression on pastures, rangeland (see GUIDELINES FOR RANGELAND USE section), Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) land and noncropland areas including noncropland areas that may be grazed or cut for hay. Examples of noncropland areas include, but are not limited to railroad, utility, pipeline and highway rights-of-way, railroad crossings, utility plant sites, petroleum tank farms, pumping installations, non-agricultural fence rows, storage areas, non-irrigation ditchbanks, prairie sites, airports, industrial turf, recreational and nonresidential turf. Journey herbicide may be used for the release of unimproved common bermudagrass, vegetation management prior to the establishment of certain native prairiegrasses, forbs, other grasses, desirable brush species and wildflowers (see appropriate sections) and for wildlife habitat management.

Journey is readily absorbed through leaves, stems, and roots and is translocated rapidly throughout the plant, with accumulation in the meristematic regions. Treated plants stop growing soon after spray application. Chlorosis appears first in the newest leaves, and necrosis spreads from this point. In perennials, the herbicide is translocated into, and kills, underground storage organs, which prevents regrowth. Chlorosis and tissue necrosis may not be apparent in some plant species for several weeks after application. Complete kill of plants may not occur for several weeks after application. Adequate soil moisture is important for optimum Journey activity. When adequate soil moisture is present, Journey will provide residual control of susceptible germinating weeds. Activity on established weeds will depend on the weed species and rooting depth. Journey is rainfast one hour after application. Journey will control annual and perennial grasses and broadleaf weeds and vine species. Journey will provide residual control of labeled weeds which germinate in the treated area. Certain brush species and ornamentals may be injured by direct application of Journey to their foliage.

This product may be applied either preemergence or postemergence to the weeds. However, postemergence application is the method of choice in most situations, particularly for perennial species. For maximum activity, weeds should be growing vigorously at the time of postemergence applications and the spray solution should include an adjuvant (See ADJUVANTS section in the label). These solutions may be applied as a broadcast or as a spot treatment using backpack, or ground equipment. Journey may be applied in the dormant or growing season for weed control.

Some yellowing of unimproved common bermudagrass turf may occur with applications during the growing season. Depending on weather conditions, yellowing will usually disappear in 2 to 4 weeks.

Journey should not be applied to newly seeded or sprigged grass stands, but may be applied prior to new seeding of certain species.

Ground Application (Broadcast): Use 5 or more gallons of water per acre. The actual minimum spray volume per acre is determined by the spray equipment used. Use adequate spray volume to provide accurate and uniform distribution of spray particles over the treated area and to avoid spray drift.

Aerial Application Methods and Equipment: Use 2 or more gallons of water per acre. The actual minimum spray volume per acre is determined by the spray equipment used. Use adequate spray volume to provide accurate and uniform distribution of spray particles over the treated area and to avoid spray drift.

SPRAYING INSTRUCTIONS

In areas where spray drift is a concern Journey should not be applied during windy or gusty conditions unless applications are being made with an enclosed or shielded spray system and/or the addition of a drift control agent. DO NOT apply if rainfall is threatening. Rainfall within 1 hour after postemergence Journey application may reduce weed control.

GROUND APPLICATIONS

Uniformly apply with properly calibrated ground equipment in 2 or more gallons of water per acre. Application equipment, specially designed to make low volume application should be used when making applications using less than 10 gallons of water per acre. A spray pressure of 20 to 40 psi is recommended.

Adjust the boom height to ensure proper coverage of weed foliage or soil surface (according to the manufacturer's recommendation). Avoid overlaps when spraying.

SPOT TREATMENTS

To prepare the spray solution, thoroughly mix in water 0.625 to 13% (0.8 to 17 oz./gallon water) Journey plus an adjuvant (see SPRAY ADJUVANTS FOR POSTEMERGENCE APPLICATIONS section). A methylated seed oil at 1% by spray volume is the recommended spray adjuvant. When making spot applications, spray coverage should be sufficient to moisten the leaves of the target vegetation, but not to the point of run-off. See section on desired species and DO NOT exceed the recommended Journey rate per acre. Also see WEEDS CONTROLLED, SPECIAL WEEDS CONTROLLED and RESIDUAL BAREGROUND WEED CONTROL sections of the label for specific rate and/or tank-mix recommendations.

AERIAL APPLICATION

All precautions should be taken to minimize or eliminate spray drift. Fixed wing aircraft and helicopters can be used to apply Journey; however, when making applications by fixed wing aircraft maintain appropriate buffer zones to prevent spray drift out of the target area. Aerial equipment designed to minimize spray drift such as a helicopter equipped with a Microfoil boom, or Thru-Valve boom or raindrop nozzles, must be used and calibrated. Except when applying with a Microfoil boom, a drift control agent may be added at the recommended label rate. To avoid drift, applications should not be made during inversion conditions, when winds are gusty, or under any other conditions that promote spray drift.

Uniformly apply recommended amount of Journey herbicide in sufficient spray volume to provide adequate coverage of target area or foliage. Include an adjuvant in the spray solution (See SPRAY ADJUVANTS FOR POSTEMERGENCE APPLICATIONS section). A foam reducing agent may be added at the recommended rate, if needed.

IMPORTANT: Thoroughly clean application equipment, including landing gear, immediately after use of this product. Prolonged exposure of this product to uncoated steel (except stainless steel) surfaces may result in corrosion and failure of the exposed part. The maintenance of an organic coating (paint) may prevent corrosion. Avoid overlaps when spraying.

Limitations, Restrictions, and Exceptions

For the control of undesirable weeds in pasture and, apply Journey at rates up to 32 oz. per acre as a broadcast treatment or as a 0.625% to 13% solution with 1.0% MSO for spot treatments. Journey applied to desirable forage grasses will cause injury, delayed green-up, growth suppression and possible mortality. Use of spot treatments and/or localized broadcast applications should be considered when applications are to be made with desirable forage grasses present.

GRAZING AND HAYING RESTRICTIONS

There are no grazing restrictions with Journey. DO NOT cut grass for hay until 7 days after Journey treatment.

GUIDELINES FOR RANGELAND USE

Journey may be applied to rangeland for the control of undesirable vegetation in order to achieve one or more of the following vegetation management objectives:

1. The control of undesirable (non-native, invasive and noxious) plant species

2. The control of undesirable vegetation in order to aid in the establishment of desirable rangeland plant species.

3. The control of undesirable vegetation in order to aid in the establishment of desirable rangeland vegetation following a fire.

4. The control of undesirable vegetation for purposes of wildfire fuel reduction.

5. The release of existing desirable rangeland plant communities from the competitive pressure of undesirable plant species.

6. The control of undesirable vegetation for purposes of wildlife habitat improvement. To ensure the protection of threatened and endangered plants when applying Journey herbicide to rangeland:

1. Federal agencies must follow NEPA regulations to ensure protection of threatened and endangered plants.

2. State agencies must work with the Fish and Wildlife Service or the Service's designated state conservation agency to ensure protection of threatened and endangered plants.

3. Other organizations or individuals must operate under a Habitat Conservation Plan if threatened or endangered plants are known to be present on the land to be treated.

Please see the appropriate section(s) of the label for specific use directions for the desired rangeland vegetation management objective.

Journey should only be applied to a given rangeland acre as specific weed problems arise. For the control of annual weed species such as cheatgrass, downy brome and medusahead rye, a single application of Journey that coincides with the successful establishment and/or release of desirable rangeland vegetation and the use of available IPM can provide effective, sustainable control of the annual weed problem. For difficult to control perennial weed species such as leafy spurge, dalmatian toadflax and Russian knapweed, a single broadcast application of Journey should be effective in most cases. If needed, spot treatments with Journey can be used to control any remnant plants or new seedlings that may emerge. Longterm control of undesirable weed species ultimately depends on the successful use of land management practices that promote the growth and sustainability of desirable rangeland plant species.

SPECIAL WEED CONTROL

ALWAYS ADD AN ADJUVANT to Journey herbicide (see SPRAY ADJUVANTS FOR POSTEMERGENCE APPLICATIONS section). Research has shown Methylated Seed Oil (MSO) surfactants provide Journey with superior control of perennial weeds. This effect is not always observed and is most prevalent on waxy leaf species, perennials and weeds under stress conditions. For the weeds listed below, it is recommended to use a MSO for best results. The use of nonionic surfactants or silicone based surfactants may result in less than acceptable control.

Johnsongrass & Itchgrass: For best results, apply Journey at the rate of 21 to 32 oz. per acre after johnsongrass or itchgrass has reached 18 to 24 inches in height at the whorl. Use the higher herbicide rates as density increases. Larger grass than specified above can be controlled.

Dallisgrass, Bahiagrass, Vaseygrass, Paspalum spp., Smutgrass: For best results, apply Journey at the rate of 16 to 32 oz. per acre postemergence after grass has reached 100% green-up. Use the higher herbicide rates as target grass weed densities and/or maturity increase. The addition of Pendulum herbicide will provide increased preemergence control of these grasses from seed.

NOTE:

The following weeds are only Suppressed on Preemergent application of Journey: Giant Ragweed, Thistle Bull, Mask and Platte.

The following weeds are only Suppressed on Postemergent application of Journey: Blue Vervain, Purple Robust Foxtail and Goosegrass.

Restricted Entry Interval

12 hours