AREAS THAT MAY BE GRAZED OR CUT FOR HAY - SALTCEDAR CONTROL
Use Sites: HABITAT herbicide is an aqueous solution to be mixed with water and a surfactant and applied as a spray solution to control floating and emergent undesirable vegetation (see AQUATIC WEEDS CONTROLLED section and the ADDITIONAL WEEDS CONTROLLED BY HABITAT section in the label) in or near bodies of water which may be flowing, non-flowing, or transient. HABITAT may be applied to aquatic sites that include lakes, rivers, streams, ponds, seeps, drainage ditches, canals, reservoirs, swamps, bogs, marshes, estuaries, bays, brackish water, transitional areas between terrestrial and aquatic sites and seasonal wet areas. See AQUATIC USE section for precautions, restrictions, and instructions on aquatic uses in the label.
Read and observe the following directions if aquatic sites are present in terrestrial noncrop areas and are part of the intended treatment area:
Herbicidal Activity: HABITAT herbicide will control most annual and perennial grasses and broadleaf weeds in addition to many brush and vine species with some residual control of undesirable species that germinate above the waterline. HABITAT is readily absorbed through emergent leaves and stems and is translocated rapidly throughout the plant, with accumulation in the meristematic regions. Treated plants stop growing soon after spray application. Chlorosis appears first in the newest leaves, and necrosis spreads from this point. In perennials, the herbicide is translocated into, and kills, underground or submerged storage organs, which prevents regrowth. Chlorosis and tissue necrosis may not be apparent in some plant species until two or more weeks after application. Complete kill of plants may not occur for several weeks. Applications of HABITAT are rainfast one hour after treatment.
HABITAT does not control plants which are completely submerged or have a majority of their foliage under water.
Application Methods: HABITAT must be applied to the emergent foliage of the target vegetation and has little to no activity on submerged aquatic vegetation. HABITAT concentrations resulting from direct application to water are not expected to be of sufficient concentration or duration to provide control of target vegetation. Application should be made in such a way as to maximize spray interception by the target vegetation while minimizing the amount of overspray that enters the water.
For maximum activity, weeds should be growing vigorously at the time of application and the spray solution should include a surfactant (See ADJUVANTS section for specific recommendations). HABITAT may be selectively applied by using low-volume directed application techniques or may be broadcast-applied by using ground equipment, watercraft or by helicopter. In addition, HABITAT may also be used for cut stump, cut stem and frill and girdle treatments within aquatic sites (see AERIAL APPLICATIONS and GROUND APPLICATIONS sections in the label for additional details). HABITAT should be applied with surface or helicopter application equipment in a minimum of 5 gallons of water per acre. When applying by helicopter, follow directions under the AERIAL APPLICATIONS section of the label, otherwise refer to section on GROUND APPLICATIONS when using surface equipment.
Applications made to moving bodies of water should be made while traveling upstream to prevent concentration of this herbicide in water. DO NOT apply to bodies of water or portions of bodies of water where emergent and/or floating weeds do not exist. When application is to be made to target vegetation that covers a large percentage of the surface area of impounded water, treating the area in strips may avoid oxygen depletion due to decaying vegetation. Oxygen depletion may result in the suffocation of some sensitive aquatic organisms. Do not treat more than one half of the surface area of the water in a single operation and wait at least 10 to 14 days between treatments.
Begin treatment along the shore and proceed outward in bands to allow aquatic organisms to move into untreated areas. Avoid wash-off of sprayed foliage by spray boat or recreational boat backwash for one hour after application. Apply HABITAT at 2 to 6 pints per acre depending on species present and weed density. Use the higher labeled rates for heavy weed pressure. Consult the AQUATIC WEEDS CONTROLLED section and the ADDITIONAL WEEDS CONTROLLED BY HABITAT HERBICIDE section of the label for specific rates. Apply HABITAT to weeds after water has been drained and allow 14 days before reintroduction of water.
AERIAL APPLICATION METHODS AND EQUIPMENT HELICOPTERS ONLY
Water Volume: Use 2 or more gallons of water per acre. The actual minimum spray volume per acre is determined by the spray equipment used. Use adequate spray volume to provide accurate and uniform distribution of spray particles over the treated area and to avoid spray drift.
GROUND APPLICATION (BROADCAST)
Water Volume: Use 5 or more gallons of water per acre. The actual minimum spray volume per acre is determined by the spray equipment used. Use adequate spray volume to provide accurate and uniform distribution of spray particles over the treated area and to avoid spray drift.
GENERAL USE PRECAUTIONS
Applications may only be made for the control of undesirable emergent and floating aquatic vegetation in and around standing and flowing water, including estuarine and marine sites. Applications may be made to control undesirable wetland, riparian and terrestrial vegetation growing in or around surface water when applications may result in inadvertent applications to surface water.
Do not apply more than 6 pints of product (1.5 lbs. acid equivalent) per acre per year.
Aerial application is restricted to helicopter only.
Application of HABITAT herbicide can only be made by federal or state agencies, such as Water Management District personnel, municipal officials and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, or those applicators who are licensed or certified as aquatic pest control applicators and are authorized by the state or local government.
Treatment to other than non-native invasive species is limited to only those plants that have been determined to be a nuisance by a federal or state government entity.
Applications to private waters: Applications may be made to private waters that are still, such as ponds, lakes and drainage ditches where there is minimal or no outflow to public waters.
Application to public waters: Applications may be made to public waters such as ponds, lakes, reservoirs, marshes, bayous, drainage ditches, canals, streams, rivers, and other slow-moving or quiescent bodies of water for control of aquatic weeds or for control of riparian and wetland weed species.
Consult local state fish and game agency and water control authorities before applying this product to public water. Permits may be required to treat such water.
Recreational Use of Water in Treatment Area: There are no restrictions on the use of water in the treatment area for recreational purposes, including swimming and fishing.
Livestock Use of Water in/from Treatment Area: There are no restrictions on livestock consumption of water from the treatment area.
Precautions for Potable Water Intakes: Do not apply HABITAT directly to water within one-half mile upstream of an active potable water intake in flowing water (i.e., river, stream, etc.) or within one-half mile of an active potable water intake in a standing body of water such as lake, pond or reservoir. To make aquatic applications around and within one-half mile of active potable water intakes, the water intake must be turned off during application and for a minimum of 48 hours after the application. These aquatic applications may be made only in the cases where there are alternative water sources or holding ponds, which would permit the turning off of an active potable water intake for a minimum period of 48 hours after the applications. Note: Existing potable water intakes which are no longer in use, such as those replaced by connections to wells or a municipal water system, are not considered to be active potable water intakes. This restriction does not apply to intermittent, inadvertent overspray of water in terrestrial use sites.
APPLICATION TO WATERS USED FOR IRRIGATION
Water treated with HABITAT may not be used for irrigation purposes for 120 days after application or until HABITAT residue levels are determined by laboratory analysis, or other appropriate means of analysis, to be 1.0 ppb or less.
Seasonal Irrigation Waters: HABITAT may be applied during the off-season to surface waters that are used for irrigation on a seasonable basis, provided that there is a minimum of 120 days between HABITAT application and the first use of treated water for irrigation purposes or until HABITAT residue levels are determined by laboratory analysis, or other appropriate means of analysis, to be 1.0 ppb or less.
Irrigation Canals/Ditches: DO NOT apply HABITAT to irrigation canals/ditches unless the 120-day restriction on irrigation water usage can be observed or HABITAT residue levels are determined by laboratory analysis, or other appropriate means of analysis, to be 1.0 ppb or less. DO NOT apply HABITAT to dry irrigation canals/ditches.
Quiescent or Slow Moving Waters: In lakes and reservoirs DO NOT apply HABITAT within one (1) mile of an active irrigation water intake during the irrigation season. Applications less than one (1) mile from an inactive irrigation water intake may be made during the off-season, provided that the irrigation intake will remain inactive for a minimum 120 days after application or until HABITAT residue levels are determined by laboratory analysis, or other appropriate means of analysis, to be 1.0 ppb or less.
Moving water: DO NOT apply within one-half mile downstream of an active irrigation water intake. When making applications upstream from an active irrigation water intake, the intake must be turned off for a period of time sufficient to allow the upstream portion of treated water to completely flow past the irrigation intake before use can resume. Shut off time will be determined by the speed of water flow and the distance and length of water treated upstream from the intake. Consult local, state and/or federal authorities before making any applications upstream from an active irrigation water intake.
HABITAT herbicide may only be applied to areas that may be grazed or cut for hay to control saltcedar (Tamarix spp.) for the purpose of water conservation and riparian and wildlife habitat restoration.
Remove livestock from treated areas before treatment and for 30 days after treatment; or if livestock are not removed, do not sell livestock for slaughter for 30 days following treatment. DO NOT cut treated area for hay for at least 30 days after treatment.
DO NOT use on food or feed crops. DO NOT allow the spray solution to drift onto food or feed crops.