TREE, BUSH AND VINE CROPS - GRAPE - GRAPELEAF SKELETONIZER

General Information

Do not apply directly to water, areas where surface water is present or to intertidal areas below the mean high water mark. Do not contaminate water when disposing of equipment washwaters.

This product is highly toxic to bees exposed to direct treatment or residues on blooming crops or weeds. Do not apply this product or allow it to drift to blooming crops or weeds if bees are visiting the treatment area. This product is toxic to wildlife and highly toxic to aquatic invertebrates.

This chemical demonstrates the properties and characteristics associated with chemicals detected in ground water. The use of this chemical in areas where soils are permeable, particularly where the water table is shallow, may result in groundwater contamination.

OBSERVE THE FOLLOWING PRECAUTIONS WHEN MIXING AND APPLYING IN THE VICINITY OF AQUATIC AREAS SUCH AS LAKES; RESERVOIRS; RIVERS; PERMANENT STREAMS, MARSHES OR NATURAL PONDS; ESTUARIES AND COMMERCIAL FISH FARM PONDS.

Resistance Management

Some insects are known to develop resistance to insecticides after repeated use. As with any insecticide, the use of this product should conform to resistance management strategies established for the use area.

This product contains a Group 4A insecticide called imidacloprid. Insect biotypes with acquired or inherent tolerance to group 4A products may eventually dominate the insect population if Group 4A products are used repeatedly as the predominant method of control of targeted species. This may eventually result in partial or total loss of control of those species by this product and other Group 4A products.

The active ingredient in this product is a member of neonicotinoid chemical group. Avoid using a block of more than three consecutive applications of this product and/or other Group 4A products having the same or similar mode of action. Following a neonicotinoid block of treatments, Nufarm strongly encourages the rotation to a block of applications with effective products of a different mode before using additional applications of neonicotinoid products. Use a block rotation or windowed approach, along with other IPM practices, is considered an effective use strategy for preventing or delaying an insect’s pest’s ability to develop resistance to this class of chemistry.

Foliar applications of this product or other Group 4A products from the neonicotinoid chemical class should not be used on crops previously treated with a long-residual, soil-applied product from the neonicotinoid chemical class.

Application Recommendations

This product should be applied as a directed or broadcast foliar spray. Thorough coverage of foliage is necessary without runoff for optimum insecticidal efficacy. Use adequate spray volumes, properly calibrated application equipment and spray adjuvant if necessary to obtain through coverage. Failure to provide adequate coverage and retention of this product on leaves and fruit may result in loss of insect control or delay in onset of activity. This product may be applied with properly calibrated ground or aerial application equipment. Minimum recommended spray volumes unless otherwise specified on crop specific recommended application sections are 10 gallons/Acre by ground applications and 5 gallons/Acre through aerial equipment. This product may also be applied by overhead chemigation (see additional CHEMIGATION DIRECTIONS FOR USE section below) if allowed in crop specific recommended application section.

Use of this product on crops grown for production of true seed intended for private or commercial planting is generally not recommended but may be allowed under State specific supplemental labeling, As with any insecticide, care should be taken to minimize exposure of this product to honey bees and other pollinators. Use of this product on crops requiring bee pollination should be avoided during bloom and a minimum of 10 days prior to bloom. Additional information on this product uses for these crops and other questions may be obtained from the Cooperative Extension Service, PCAs, or local Nufarm representatives.

Do not apply more than 0.5 lbs. active ingredient per acre, per crop season, regardless of formulation or method of application, unless specified within a crop specific recommended applications section for a given crop.

Limitations, Restrictions, and Exceptions

TREE, BUSH AND VINE CROPS

Recommended Applications

Apply specified rate per acre as a broadcast or directed foliar spray as pest populations begin to build. Thorough uniform coverage is necessary to achieve optimal control. A spray adjuvant may be used to improve coverage. This product may not knockdown established and heavy insect populations. Two applications may be required to achieve control. Scout fields and retreat if needed. This product may be tank mixed with other insecticides as recommended for knockdown of pests or for improved control of other pests. Aerial application of this product may result in slower activity and reduced control relative to results from ground application. For trees and vine crops, recommended application rates are based on full size, mature trees or vines.

GRAPES

Notes and Restrictions

Pre-Harvest Interval (PHI): 0 days

Minimum interval between applications: 14 days

Applications

Apply specific dosage of this product as a broadcast or directed spray to infested area ensuring thorough coverage. This product may be applied through properly calibrated ground or aerial

equipment.

For application on grapes, ground application is recommended.

Restricted Entry Interval

12 hours