ALFALFA - WEEDS CONTROL - RATE: 2-6 PINTS/ACRE
VELPAR L herbicide is a water-dispersible liquid that is mixed in water and applied as a spray for weed control in certain crops, Christmas trees, forestry site preparation and release areas, and industrial areas. It may also be applied undiluted as a basal soil treatment for brush control in reforestation areas, rangeland, pastures and noncrop areas, or by stem injection for brush control.
VELPAR L is an effective general herbicide providing both contact and residual control of many annual, biennial and perennial weeds and woody plants.
VELPAR L is noncorrosive to equipment.
Care must be exercised when applying VELPAR L near desirable trees or shrubs as they can absorb VELPAR L through roots extending into treated areas.
This product may be applied on agricultural and nonagricultural sites that contain areas of temporary surface water caused by collection of water between planting beds, in equipment ruts, or in other depressions created by management activities. It is permissible to treat intermittent drainage, intermittently flooded low lying sites, seasonally dry flood plains and transitional areas between upland and lowland sites when no water is present. It is also permissible to treat marshes, swamps and bogs after water has receded, as well as seasonally dry flood deltas. DO NOT make applications to natural or man-made bodies of water such as lakes, reservoirs, ponds, streams and canals.
ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS AND BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITY
VELPAR L is absorbed through the roots and foliage.
Moisture is required to activate VELPAR L in the soil.
Best results are obtained when the soil is moist at the time of application and 1/4–1/2 inches of rainfall occurs within 2 weeks after application.
For best results, apply VELPAR L preemergence or postemergence when weeds are less than 2 inches in height or diameter. Foliar activity is most effective under conditions of high temperature (above 80 °F), high humidity, and good soil moisture. Foliar activity may be reduced when vegetation is dormant, semi-dormant, or under stress.
On herbaceous plants, symptoms usually appear within 2 weeks after application under warm, humid conditions, while 4–6 weeks may be required when weather is cool or dry, or when plants are under stress. If rainfall after application is inadequate to activate VELPAR L in the soil, plants may recover from contact effects and continue to grow.
On woody plants, symptoms usually appear within 3–6 weeks after sufficient rainfall has carried the herbicide into the root zone during periods of active growth. Defoliation and refoliation may occur, but susceptible plants are killed.
The degree and duration of control may depend on the following:
- Use rate
- Weed spectrum and size at application
- Environmental conditions at and following treatment
Where a rate range is shown, use the higher levels of the dosage range on hard-to-control species, fine-textured soils, or soils containing greater than 5% organic matter or carbon. Use the lower levels of the dosage range on coarse-textured soils and/or on soils low in organic matter. Refer to specific uses for rate ranges.
VELPAR L may be applied by ground equipment and, where permitted, aerial equipment. Use rates, minimum spray gallonage, and other application information are described for the various uses.
Dispose of the equipment washwater by applying it to a use site listed on the label or in accordance with directions given in the “Storage and Disposal” section of the label.
Before spraying, calibrate equipment to determine the quantity of water necessary to uniformly and thoroughly cover the vegetation and soil in a measured area to be treated.
INVASIVE SPECIES MANAGEMENT
This product may be considered for use on public, private, and tribal lands to treat certain weed species infestations that have been determined to be invasive, consistent with the Federal Interagency Committee for the Management of Noxious and Exotic Weeds (FICMNEW) National Early Detection and Rapid Response (EDRR) System for invasive plants. Effective EDRR systems address invasions by eradicating the invader where possible, and controlling them when the invasive species is too established to be feasibly eradicated. Once an EDRR assessment has been completed and action is advised, a Rapid Response needs to be taken to quickly contain, deny reproduction, and if possible eliminate the invader. Consult your appropriate state extension service, forest service, or regional multidisciplinary invasive species management coordination team to determine the appropriate Rapid Response provisions and allowed treatments in your area.
When herbicides that affect the same biological site of action are used repeatedly over several years to control the same weed species in the same field, naturally-occurring resistant biotypes may survive a correctly applied herbicide treatment, propagate, and become dominant in that field.
Adequate control of these resistant weed biotypes cannot be expected. If weed control is unsatisfactory, it may be necessary to retreat the problem area using a product affecting a different site of action.
To better manage herbicide resistance through delaying the proliferation and possible dominance of herbicide resistant weed biotypes, it may be necessary to change cultural practices within and between crop seasons such as using a combination of tillage, retreatment, tank-mix partners and/or sequential herbicide applications that have a different site of action. Weed escapes that are allowed to go to seed will promote the spread of resistant biotypes.
It is advisable to keep accurate records of pesticides applied to individual fields to help obtain information on the spread and dispersal of resistant biotypes. Consult your agricultural dealer, consultant, applicator, and/or appropriate state agricultural extension service representative for specific alternative cultural practices or herbicide instructions available in your area.
INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT
This product may be used as part of an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) program that can include biological, cultural, and genetic practices aimed at preventing economic pest damage. IPM principles and practices include field scouting or other detection methods, correct target pest identification, population monitoring, and treating when target pest populations reach locally determined action thresholds. Consult your state cooperative extension service, professional consultants or other qualified authorities to determine appropriate action treatment threshold levels for treating specific pest/crop systems in your area.
Refer to the label for tank mix information.
DuPont VELPAR L is labeled for control of certain weeds in established alfalfa grown for hay or seed production.
- Do not apply within 30 days of harvest (cutting for hay), or feeding of forage or grazing.
- Do not exceed 6 pints per acre per application.
- Do not exceed 6 pints (1.5 pounds active ingredient hexazinone) per acre per year.
NON-DORMANT AND SEMI-DORMANT VARIETIES
In the following states, make a single application of VELPAR L during the winter months when alfalfa plants are in the least active stage of growth.
Arizona, Montana, Oklahoma, Washington, California, Nebraska, Oregon, Wyoming, Colorado, Nevada, South Dakota, Idaho, New Mexico, Texas, Kansas, North Dakota, Utah
In the following states, make a single application of VELPAR L either in the spring before new growth exceeds 2 inches in height or to alfalfa stubble after cutting, following hay removal and before regrowth exceeds 2 inches in height.
Arkansas, Maine, New Jersey, Vermont, Connecticut, Maryland, NewYork, Virginia, Delaware, Massachusetts, North Carolina, West Virginia, Illinois, Michigan, Ohio, Wisconsin, Indiana, Minnesota, Pennsylvania, Iowa, Missouri, Rhode Island, Kentucky, New Hampshire, Tennessee
NOTE: Severe alfalfa injury may result following application, if after cutting the regrowth is more than 2 inches high, or there is significant stubble left after cutting or grazing, or the air temperature is above 90 °F.
Make a single application of DuPont VELPAR L after alfalfa becomes dormant and before new growth exceeds 2 inches in height in the spring. Where weeds have emerged, use a surfactant.
- In the states of MT, ND, SD, and WY, do not exceed a use rate of 4 pints per acre on medium and fine textured soils.
- In the state of Montana (MT), do not apply to soils with less than 1.5% organic matter.
- In the state of Wyoming (WY):
Do not apply to soils with less than 0.5% organic matter.
Apply to irrigated alfalfa only.
VELPAR L, when applied preemergence or early postemergence at the following rates, will control these weed species in alfalfa.
USE PRECAUTIONS AND RESTRICTIONS - ALFALFA
- Best results are obtained when 1/2–1 inch of rainfall or sprinkler irrigation occurs within two weeks after application, when soil is moist at time of application, and when weeds have not germinated or are less than 2 inches in height or diameter. Heavy rainfall or excessive irrigation after application may result in crop injury or poor performance of the herbicide.
- On soils high in organic matter (greater than 5%), the effectiveness of VELPAR L can be significantly reduced and weed control may be unsatisfactory.
- Avoid overlapping of spray swaths and shut off spray booms while starting, turning, slowing or stopping or crop injury may result.
- Crop injury, including mortality, may result in fields with restricted root growth due to nonuniform soil profiles such as gravel bases and clay lenses.
- Crop injury may result if hot weather, mid-to-high 90 degree range or higher, occurs within a few days after application.
- Do not apply to snow-covered or frozen ground.
- Crop injury to alfalfa can be influenced by several factors including alfalfa variety, soil conditions, uniformity of application and environmental conditions, etc., if no prior use history for the site or variety, treat only a small area when first using VELPAR L.
- If abnormally dry conditions exist following application, restrict the first irrigation to no more than 1/2 acre inch of water.
- Temporary yellowing of alfalfa may occur following VELPAR L applications.
- Treat only stands of alfalfa established for one year or for one growing season (except in California), provided:
- The alfalfa stand has a well developed tap root structure that is at least 10 inches in length (0.25 inch diameter below the crown) throughout the field and the crop is healthy, vigorous, and not under stress from weather conditions, low fertility, insects or disease damage.
- In areas with shorter growing seasons, such as, higher elevations, adequate alfalfa tap root growth may not occur and especially when alfalfa is grown together with a cover or nurse crop. If an adequate tap root is not present, delay application of VELPAR L until the alfalfa has gone through a minimum of two growing seasons.
- In California, fall planted alfalfa may be treated in the following winter months with VELPAR L at 1 to 2 pints per acre (use higher rate for fine textured soils) provided:
- alfalfa root growth exceeds 6 inches in length - vegetative top growth of alfalfa has lateral development of secondary growth
- alfalfa is healthy and vigorous, not growing under stress from insect, disease, winter injury or other types of stress.
Injury may result to alfalfa plants that fail to meet these growth criterion listed above.
- Do not use VELPAR L on seedling alfalfa, alfalfa-grass mixtures, or other mixed stands as injury may result to the seedling alfalfa or companion crop.
- Do not add a surfactant to VELPAR L when treating non-dormant alfalfa.
- Do not use VELPAR L on gravelly or rocky soils, exposed subsoils, hardpan, sand, poorly drained soil, or alkali soils.