FORESTRY - EASTERN US - MEDIUM TEXTURE - HERBACEOUS PLANTS

General Information

USE PRECAUTIONS FOR SITE PREPARATION
- Where burning is desired, burn the vegetation only after any residual brush has completely defoliated, at least twice, allowing for sufficient root uptake of Velpar DF VU Herbicide.
- Following harvest, allow sufficient time for stumps and injured trees to adequately resprout before applying Velpar DF VU Herbicide.

FORESTRY- IMPREGNATION ON DRY BULK FERTILIZER
Velpar DF VU Herbicide is labeled for impregnating or coating dry bulk fertilizer to be applied on forested sites for the establishment or release of conifer plantations (except longleaf pine) as specified on this label.

PLANTS CONTROLLED
Fertilizer impregnated with Velpar DF VU Herbicide is labeled for the control and suppression of the weeds and brush identified for the specific applications on this label. Consult the appropriate segment of this label to determine the appropriate rate of Velpar DF VU Herbicide to be applied per acre. Apply this amount of Velpar DF VU Herbicide to the volume of fertilizer to be applied per acre.

IMPREGNATION EQUIPMENT
To impregnate or coat the fertilizer use a system consisting of conveyor or closed drum used to blend dry bulk fertilizer.

IMPREGNATION INSTRUCTIONS
To impregnate dry bulk fertilizer with Velpar DF VU Herbicide, mix the amount as prescribed above in a sufficient quantity of water to uniformly coat the desired amount of fertilizer. Suspensions of Velpar DF VU Herbicide will require thorough agitation.
Direct the spray nozzles of the impregnation equipment to deliver a fine spray of the mixture toward the fertilizer for thorough coverage while avoiding contact with mixing equipment. The use of a spray pattern indicator may be beneficial to visually determine the uniformity of impregnation.
Uniform impregnation of dry bulk fertilizer may vary. If absorption of the spray is not adequate, the use of an absorptive powder or additive, such as "Micro-cel E" or "Hi-Sil 233", may be required to produce a dry, free flowing mixture.
Apply the fertilizer as soon as possible after impregnation for optimum performance. Impregnated fertilizer may become lumpy and difficult to apply following storage.
Diammonium phosphate, potassium chloride, 16-16-16 and 24-4-4 have been successfully impregnated.

APPLICATION EQUIPMENT
Applications of impregnated fertilizer may be made by ground equipment or by air (helicopter or fixed wing). Accurate calibration and patterning of the equipment is essential for uniform distribution of the impregnated fertilizer on the soil surface.

USE PRECAUTIONS FOR FORESTRY- IMPREGNATED FERTILIZER
- If fertilizer materials are excessively dusty, use a suitable additive to reduce dust prior to impregnation. Application of dusty fertilizer which has been impregnated may result in off-target drift and injury to desirable vegetation. Such drift and associated injury may be aggravated by high wind conditions.
- The dry fertilizer must be properly impregnated and uniformly applied to avoid pine injury/mortality and poor weed and brush control.
- Uniform and precise application of the impregnated fertilizer is essential for satisfactory weed and brush control and to minimize pine injury. Overlaps or skips between adjoining swaths or non-uniform distribution of impregnated fertilizer within the swath will deliver poor results and may result in pine injury or mortality.

USE RESTRICTIONS FOR FORESTRY- IMPREGNATED FERTILIZER
- Do not impregnate potassium nitrate, sodium nitrate, or triple super phosphate fertilizers with Velpar DF VU Herbicide as herbicidal action will be lost.

USE PRECAUTIONS FOR FORESTRY
- On tracts of land where various soil types are present and Velpar DF VU Herbicide rate selection is difficult, conifer damage or less-than-expected vegetation suppression may occur due to the different rates required for various soil types.
- Poor weed and brush control may result from the following:
-Heavy duff or slash present at time of application
-Use on poorly drained sites
-Applications made when the soil is saturated with water and rain is imminent within 24 hours
-Applications to soils high in organic matter (greater than 5%)
- Following harvest, allow stumps and injured trees sufficient time to adequately resprout before applying Velpar DF VU Herbicide.
- Where burning is desired, burn vegetation after any brush has completely defoliated, at least twice, allowing for sufficient root uptake of Velpar DF VU Herbicide.
- Weed control results from spring applications depend on sufficient moisture to activate Velpar DF VU Herbicide.
- When applying Velpar DF VU Herbicide after transplanting, wait until rainfall has settled the soil around the base and root systems of the transplants before making the treatment.
- Crop injury may occur when Velpar DF VU Herbicide is used:
-On trees that show poor vigor, insect damage, disease, winter injury, or other stress conditions
-On any soil containing less than 1% organic matter
-On loamy sand or sandy loam with less than 2% organic matter, except Jeffrey pine and Ponderosa pine
-On conifer foliage after conifer budbreak
-On gravelly or rocky soils, exposed subsoils, clay knobs, sand, or sandy soil with 85% or more sand.

USE RESTRICTIONS FOR FORESTRY
- Do not use Velpar DF VU Herbicide in nurseries, seedbeds, or ornamental plantings.
- Do not use Velpar DF VU Herbicide on frozen soils; use in spring after snow melt.
- Do not add a surfactant in applications over the top of conifers.
- Livestock may be grazed immediately following a broadcast application of Velpar DF VU Herbicide at rates of 1.5 pounds per acre or less, and treated vegetation may be cut, dried, and fed after 38 days.
- Do not cut treated vegetation for feed or graze livestock on treated areas for 60 days following application of Velpar DF VU Herbicide at broadcast rates exceeding 1.5 pounds per acre.

Limitations, Restrictions, and Exceptions

FORESTRY

HERBACEOUS PLANTS

Aster heath, Crabgrass, Dandelion common, Dandelion false, Dock curly, Fescue, Fireweed, Goldenrod, Orchardgrass, Quackgrass, Ryegrass, perennial, Thistle, Canada: Suppression is a visible reduction in plant competition (reduced population and/or vigor) is compared to an untreated area. Degree of suppression will vary with rate applied, size of plants at application and environmental conditions following treatment. The following species are suppressed. Species indicated above, especially resprouts of these species, may require a follow up treatment for acceptable control. Burning, as a follow up treatment, will enhance control of resprouts. Use the higher rates.

Mullein common: For western US site preparation, apply at 4 pounds per acre.

Within several weeks after VELPAR DF activation by rainfall, affected vegetation may be burned, if desired. This burn may further enhance control of vegetation. Burn the vegetation only after any residual stand is completely defoliated, at least twice, allowing for sufficient root uptake of VELPAR DF. In the West, results may take one to two years in areas of low rainfall.

- The rates listed are for broadcast application. Use the lower rates on coarse textured soils and soils low in organic matter. Use the higher rates on fine textured soils and soils high in organic matter.

SPRAY EQUIPMENT

When applied as a liquid spray using water as the carrier, VELPAR DF may be applied by ground equipment or by air (helicopter only).

For ground application, use enough water for thorough coverage, usually a minimum of 25 gallons per acre. For aerial applications, use at least 5 gallons of water per acre.

USE PRECAUTIONS FOR SITE PREPARATION
- Where burning is desired, burn the vegetation only after any residual brush has completely defoliated, at least twice, allowing for sufficient root uptake of Velpar DF VU Herbicide.
- Following harvest, allow sufficient time for stumps and injured trees to adequately resprout before applying Velpar DF VU Herbicide.

FORESTRY- IMPREGNATION ON DRY BULK FERTILIZER
Velpar DF VU Herbicide is labeled for impregnating or coating dry bulk fertilizer to be applied on forested sites for the establishment or release of conifer plantations (except longleaf pine) as specified on this label.

PLANTS CONTROLLED
Fertilizer impregnated with Velpar DF VU Herbicide is labeled for the control and suppression of the weeds and brush identified for the specific applications on this label. Consult the appropriate segment of this label to determine the appropriate rate of Velpar DF VU Herbicide to be applied per acre. Apply this amount of Velpar DF VU Herbicide to the volume of fertilizer to be applied per acre.

IMPREGNATION EQUIPMENT
To impregnate or coat the fertilizer use a system consisting of conveyor or closed drum used to blend dry bulk fertilizer.

IMPREGNATION INSTRUCTIONS
To impregnate dry bulk fertilizer with Velpar DF VU Herbicide, mix the amount as prescribed above in a sufficient quantity of water to uniformly coat the desired amount of fertilizer. Suspensions of Velpar DF VU Herbicide will require thorough agitation.
Direct the spray nozzles of the impregnation equipment to deliver a fine spray of the mixture toward the fertilizer for thorough coverage while avoiding contact with mixing equipment. The use of a spray pattern indicator may be beneficial to visually determine the uniformity of impregnation.
Uniform impregnation of dry bulk fertilizer may vary. If absorption of the spray is not adequate, the use of an absorptive powder or additive, such as "Micro-cel E" or "Hi-Sil 233", may be required to produce a dry, free flowing mixture.
Apply the fertilizer as soon as possible after impregnation for optimum performance. Impregnated fertilizer may become lumpy and difficult to apply following storage.
Diammonium phosphate, potassium chloride, 16-16-16 and 24-4-4 have been successfully impregnated.

APPLICATION EQUIPMENT
Applications of impregnated fertilizer may be made by ground equipment or by air (helicopter or fixed wing). Accurate calibration and patterning of the equipment is essential for uniform distribution of the impregnated fertilizer on the soil surface.

USE PRECAUTIONS FOR FORESTRY- IMPREGNATED FERTILIZER
- If fertilizer materials are excessively dusty, use a suitable additive to reduce dust prior to impregnation. Application of dusty fertilizer which has been impregnated may result in off-target drift and injury to desirable vegetation. Such drift and associated injury may be aggravated by high wind conditions.
- The dry fertilizer must be properly impregnated and uniformly applied to avoid pine injury/mortality and poor weed and brush control.
- Uniform and precise application of the impregnated fertilizer is essential for satisfactory weed and brush control and to minimize pine injury. Overlaps or skips between adjoining swaths or non-uniform distribution of impregnated fertilizer within the swath will deliver poor results and may result in pine injury or mortality.

USE RESTRICTIONS FOR FORESTRY- IMPREGNATED FERTILIZER
- Do not impregnate potassium nitrate, sodium nitrate, or triple super phosphate fertilizers with Velpar DF VU Herbicide as herbicidal action will be lost.

USE PRECAUTIONS FOR FORESTRY
- On tracts of land where various soil types are present and Velpar DF VU Herbicide rate selection is difficult, conifer damage or less-than-expected vegetation suppression may occur due to the different rates required for various soil types.
- Poor weed and brush control may result from the following:
-Heavy duff or slash present at time of application
-Use on poorly drained sites
-Applications made when the soil is saturated with water and rain is imminent within 24 hours
-Applications to soils high in organic matter (greater than 5%)
- Following harvest, allow stumps and injured trees sufficient time to adequately resprout before applying Velpar DF VU Herbicide.
- Where burning is desired, burn vegetation after any brush has completely defoliated, at least twice, allowing for sufficient root uptake of Velpar DF VU Herbicide.
- Weed control results from spring applications depend on sufficient moisture to activate Velpar DF VU Herbicide.
- When applying Velpar DF VU Herbicide after transplanting, wait until rainfall has settled the soil around the base and root systems of the transplants before making the treatment.
- Crop injury may occur when Velpar DF VU Herbicide is used:
-On trees that show poor vigor, insect damage, disease, winter injury, or other stress conditions
-On any soil containing less than 1% organic matter
-On loamy sand or sandy loam with less than 2% organic matter, except Jeffrey pine and Ponderosa pine
-On conifer foliage after conifer budbreak
-On gravelly or rocky soils, exposed subsoils, clay knobs, sand, or sandy soil with 85% or more sand.

USE RESTRICTIONS FOR FORESTRY
- Do not use Velpar DF VU Herbicide in nurseries, seedbeds, or ornamental plantings.
- Do not use Velpar DF VU Herbicide on frozen soils; use in spring after snow melt.
- Do not add a surfactant in applications over the top of conifers.
- Livestock may be grazed immediately following a broadcast application of Velpar DF VU Herbicide at rates of 1.5 pounds per acre or less, and treated vegetation may be cut, dried, and fed after 38 days.
- Do not cut treated vegetation for feed or graze livestock on treated areas for 60 days following application of Velpar DF VU Herbicide at broadcast rates exceeding 1.5 pounds per acre.

Restricted Entry Interval

48 hours