GRASSES GROWN FOR SEED PRODUCTION

General Information

Product Information

Starane NXT herbicide is used for selective control of annual broadleaf weeds in wheat, barley, oats, and triticale not underseeded with a legume; and grasses grown for seed production.

Resistance Management Guidelines

- Use an effective integrated pest management (IPM) program, integrating tillage or other mechanical methods, crop rotation or other cultural control methods into weed control programs whenever practical.

- Similar looking biotypes of a given weed species occurring in a treated area may vary in their susceptibility to a herbicide. Application of a herbicide below its directed rate may allow more tolerant weeds to survive and a shift to more tolerant biotypes within the treated area.

- Where identified, spreading of resistant weeds to other fields may be prevented by cleaning harvesting and tillage equipment before moving to other areas and by planting weed-free seed.

- Contact your extension specialist, certified crop consultant, or Dow AgroSciences representative for the latest resistance management information.

Use Precautions and Restrictions

- Do not apply this product directly to, or allow spray drift to come in contact with broadleaf crops or other susceptible broadleaf plants, including, but not limited to, alfalfa, canola, beans, cotton, flowers, grapes, lettuce, lentils, mustard, peas, potatoes, radishes, soybeans, sugar beets, sunflowers, tobacco, tomatoes, vegetables, or other desirable broadleaf crops or ornamental plants or soil where sensitive crops will be planted the same season.

- The bromoxynil component of this product may cause occasional transitory leaf burn. The temporary leaf burn is similar to that seen with liquid fertilizer. Because the activity of bromoxynil is not systemic, recovery of the crop is generally rapid with no lasting effect. Frequency and amount of leaf burn may be greater when crops are stressed by abrasive winds, cool to cold evening temperatures or mechanical injury such as that caused by hail, sleet or insect feeding. To reduce the potential for temporary leaf burn, apply to dry foliage in the labeled spray volumes per acre when weather conditions are not extreme.

- Avoid application where proximity of susceptible crops or other desirable plants is likely to result in exposure to spray or spray drift.

- Do not contaminate irrigation ditches or water used for domestic purposes.

- Maximum Application Rates: Do not apply more than 0.5 lb ai of bromoxynil/A per use season (27.4 fl oz of Starane NXT). Do not cumulatively apply more than 0.25 lb ai/A of fluroxypyr per use season.

- Do not apply this product if wheat, barley, or oat crop to be treated has been underseeded with a desirable legume.

- Do not use this product in combination with fungicides containing strobilurin chemistry.

- Do not allow livestock to graze treated areas within 45 days of application

- Preharvest Interval: Do not apply within 45 days of hay, grain or straw harvest.

- Do not apply aerially within 300 feet of residential areas including homes, schools, playgrounds, shopping areas, and hospitals.

Equipment

All aerial and ground application equipment must be properly maintained and calibrated using appropriate carriers or surrogates. Refer to the spray equipment manufacturer’s recommendations for detailed information on nozzle types, arrangement, spacing and operating height and pressure. Operate equipment at spray pressures no greater than is necessary to produce a uniform spray pattern. Operate the spray boom no higher than is necessary to produce a uniformly overlapping pattern between spray nozzles.

Ground Applications:

Volume: Apply this product in a total spray volume of 8 or more gallons per acre using spray equipment designed to produce large-droplet, low pressure sprays. Spot treatments should be applied only with a calibrated boom to prevent over application. Do not apply with hollow cone-type insecticide nozzles or other nozzles that produce a fine-droplet spray.

Additional requirements for Aerial Applications:

Volume: Apply this product in a total spray volume of 3 gallons or more per acre.

Application: Applications should not be made at a height greater than 10 feet above the top of the largest plants unless a greater height is required for aircraft safety. Making applications at the lowest height that is safe reduces exposure of droplets to evaporation and wind.

Application Timing

Apply to actively growing weeds. Extreme growing conditions such as drought or near freezing temperatures prior to, at, or following application may reduce weed control and increase the risk of crop injury at all stages of growth. Only weeds that have emerged at the time of application will be controlled. If foliage is wet at the time of application, control may be decreased. Applications of this product are rainfast within 1 hour after application.

Effect of Temperature on Herbicidal Activity

Herbicidal activity of this product is influenced by weather conditions. Optimum activity requires active plant growth. The temperature range for optimum herbicidal activity is 55°F to 75°F. Reduced activity will occur when temperatures are below 45°F or above 85°F. Frost before application (3 days) or shortly after (3 days) may reduce weed control and crop tolerance.

Spray Coverage

Use sufficient spray volume to provide thorough coverage and a uniform spray pattern. Do not broadcast apply in less than 3 gallons of total spray volume per acre. For best results and to minimize spray drift, apply in a spray volume of 10 gallons or more per acre. As vegetative canopy and weed density increase, spray volume should be increased to obtain equivalent weed control. Use only nozzle types and spray equipment designed for herbicide application. To reduce spray drift, follow precautions under Precautions for Avoiding Spray Drift.

For ground applications, a spray volume of 10 to 20 gallons per acre (GPA) is recommended for optimum spray coverage. Ground applications made when dry, dusty field conditions exist may provide reduced weed control in wheel track areas. Applications using less than 10 gallons per acre may result in reduced weed control.

For aerial applications, use orifice discs, cores and nozzle types and arrangements that will provide for optimum spray distribution and maximum coverage. In general a minimum spray volume of 5 GPA and a maximum pressure of 40 psi are recommended. Do not apply during inversion conditions, when winds are gusty or when other conditions favor poor spray coverage and off target spray movement. Off target spray movement can be minimized by increasing the spray volume per acre and not applying when winds exceed 10 mph.

Refer in the label for the tank mix informations.

Limitations, Restrictions, and Exceptions

Grasses Grown for Seed Production

Seedling and Established Grasses

Apply Starane NXT to seedling grasses from the 2-leaf crop growth stage up to early boot stage for control of listed broadleaf weeds. Seedling grasses tolerant to Starane NXT include Kentucky bluegrass, fescue, o rchardgrass and perennial ryegrass.

Starane NXT may also be applied to established grasses prior to the early boot stage. Established grasses tolerant to Starane NXT include b luegrass, fescue, ryegrass and bermudagrass.

Apply Starane NXT to actively growing weeds. Only weeds emerged at the time of application will b e controlled.

Restrictions:

- Do not allow livestock to graze in treated areas or feed treated grasses to livestock.

- Do not apply Starane NXT to grasses grown for seed production with backpack or hand-held application equipment.

- Do not plant non-labeled rotational crops within 120 days following an application of Starane NXT.

Restricted Entry Interval

24 hours