Shark EW an emulsion formulation. Shark EW is to be mixed with water, liquid fertilizer or mixtures of water and liquid fertilizer and adjuvants and applied to labeled crops for selective postemergence control of broadleaf weeds, for sucker control, for burndown prior to planting, as a harvest aid and to defoliate/desiccate labeled crops.
Weed control is optimized when the product is applied to actively growing weeds up to 4 inches in height. Shark EW is a contact herbicide. Within a few hours following application, the foliage of susceptible weeds show signs of desiccation, and in subsequent days necrosis and death of the plant occur.
Extremes in environmental conditions such as temperature, moisture, soil conditions, and cultural practices may affect the activity of Shark EW. Under warm moist conditions, herbicide symptoms may be accelerated. While under very dry conditions, the expression of herbicide symptoms may be reduced as weeds hardened off by drought are less susceptible to Shark EW.
Shark EW is rapidly absorbed through the foliage of plants. To avoid significant crop response, applications should not be made within 6 to 8 hours of either rain or irrigation or when heavy dew is present on the crop. Due to environmental conditions and with certain spray tank additives, some herbicidal symptoms may appear on the crop.
Methods of Application
Shark EW is a versatile herbicide utilizing several different application methods to achieve the desired results. If Shark is being applied in standing crop situations, application methods and adjustments must be precise to prevent undesirable effects to the desirable green stem tissue, foliage, blooms or fruit of the crops being treated.
Aerial applications are allowed in some situations. Aerial treatments must be made with a minimum of 3 gallons of total spray per acre with a minimum VMD of 450 microns.
Over-the-top applications may be utilized in some situations as noted in the individual crop directions. Spray volumes for ground applications should be 10 gallons of finished spray per acre to insure good target coverage. Spray tips must be positioned no less than 18 inches above the crop and operated in such manner as to avoid overlaps and slower than calibrated ground speeds.
Post directed applications may be utilized when labeled crops have reached minimum growth stages where sprays may be directed to the target weeds, but is not deposited on the green stem, foliage, blooms or fruit of the crop.
Hooded Sprayer applications are allowed on many labeled crops. Hooded sprayers must be designed and operated so as to totally enclose the spray nozzles and tips and spray pattern and prevent any spray deposition to the crop being treated.
Shielded Sprayer applications may be utilized in some situations. Sprayers should be designed and operated so that the shield between the spray pattern and the crop will prevent the deposition of spray to green stem plant tissue, foliage, blooms or fruit of the crop.
Use ground sprayers designed, calibrated and operated to deliver uniform spray droplets to the targeted plant or plant parts. Adjust sprayer nozzles to achieve uniform plant coverage. Overlaps and slower ground speeds (caused by continuing to spray while starting, stopping or turning) may result in higher application rates and possible crop response.
Spray Buffer for Ground Application
Spray buffer zones for ground applications, listed in chart below, are required where local indigenous endangered plant species are found.
Conventional Boom and Nozzle Sprayers
Use a boom and nozzle sprayer equipped with the appropriate nozzles, spray tips and screens and adjusted to provide optimum spray distribution and coverage at the appropriate operating pressures.
Use nozzles that produce minimal amounts of fine spray droplets. Do not exceed 30 psi spray pressure unless otherwise required by the manufacturer of drift reducing nozzles. Apply a minimum of 10 gallons of finished spray per acre. Use higher spray volumes when there is a dense weed population or crop canopy. Adjust sprayers to position spray tips no lower than 18 inches above the crop. Operate the sprayer to avoid the application of high herbicide rates directly over the rows and/or into the whorl of treated crop plants.
For directed sprayers apply Shark EW with drop nozzles or other spray equipment capable of directing the spray to the target weeds and away from sensitive plant parts. Apply Shark EW up to the maximum rate for the target crop for the control of larger weed sizes or weeds not controlled with lower use rates. Use appropriate rates of adjuvants such as nonionic surfactants, crop oil concentrates ormethylated seed oils.
To apply Shark EW using a hooded sprayer, refer to the Hooded Sprayer Section on page 6 for specific adjustment and operation instructions. For additional information, refer to the individual crop sections of the label.
Use nozzle types and arrangements that will provide optimum coverage while producing a minimal amount of fine droplets. Apply at a minimum of 3 gallons of finished spray per acre. Higher aerial spray volumes are required for harvest aid and defoliation treatments. Higher spray volumes are required when there is a dense weed population or crop canopy.
Refer in the label for tank mix information.
Such as Blueberry (highbush and lowbush), Currant, Elderberry, Gooseberry, Huckleberry
TIMING AND METHOD OF APPLICATION
Shark EW may be applied broadcast to the base of the trunk to control emerged and actively growing weeds during the dormant stage of the crop.
Post-directed Applications For Broadleaf Weed Control
Shark EW may be applied for postemergence weed control of certain susceptible broadleaf weeds at a minimum of 20 gallons finished spray per broadcast acre when used alone or in combination with other herbicides. Use the lower rate for control of small seedling weeds at the 2 to 3-leaf stage; use higher rates for control of larger weeds up to the 6-leaf stage. Applications to weeds beyond the 6-leaf stage may result in only partial control.
Shark EW may be tankmixed with other registered herbicides that have preemergence or postemergence activity. Any preemergence activity must rely on activity from other herbicides as directed on their labels. Contact herbicides may be tank mixed with Shark EW to obtain a broader spectrum of weeds controlled. If Shark EW is used in a tank mixture, refer to the other product labels for all restrictions on tank mixing and observe all label precautions, instructions and rotational cropping restrictions.
Coverage is essential for good control. Use a spray volume adequate to obtain thorough coverage with the minimum being 20 gallons of finished spray per acre. Apply only with ground equipment. Applications may be made with boom equipment, shielded or hooded sprayers, hand-held and high-volume wands or orchard guns.
A nonionic surfactant (NIS), methylated seed oil (MSO) or crop oil concentrate (COC) is required. Use a nonionic surfactant (NIS) at 0.25% v/v (2 pints per 100 gallons of spray solution) having at least 80% active ingredient, or a methylated seed oil, or crop oil concentrate (COC)(petroleum or seed oil) at 1 to 2 v/v (1 to 2 gallons per 100 gallons of spray solution). A high quality sprayable liquid nitrogen fertilizer at 2 to 4 % v/v (2 to 4 gallons per 100 gallons spray solution) or ammonium sulfate (AMS) at the rate of 2 to 4 pounds per acre may be used in addition to the nonionic surfactant methylated seed oil or crop oil.
If Shark EW is used in a tank mixture, refer to the other product labels for all restrictions on tankmixing and observe all label precautions, instructions and rotational cropping restrictions.
Band Treatment Applications
For band treatment, apply the broadcast equivalent rate and volume per acre.
Extreme caution must be taken during applications when desirable fruit or foliage and/or blooms are present in order to avoid fruit spotting or leaf necrosis. Do not allow Shark EW spray mist to come in contact with green stem tissue, desirable fruit, blooms or foliage.
For seedling or newly transplanted bushes, do not allow spray to contact green bark of trunk area. Use shielded sprayers only.
Use nozzles that will produce coarse or very coarse droplets of a Volume Median Diameter (VMD), greater than 450 microns. Do not exceed 30 psi spray pressure unless otherwise required by the manufacturer of drift reduction nozzles.
Do not apply more than 2 fl. ozs. (0.031 pound active ingredient) during the dormant stage, and 6.1 fl. ozs. (0.064 pound active ingredient) in-season as a row middle application.