NON-FOOD TREE, SHRUB, OR VINE PRODUCTION SITES - ANNUAL WEEDS
(How this product works)
Product Description: This product is a postemergence, systemic herbicide with no soil residual activity. It is generally non-selective and gives broad-spectrum control of many annual weeds, perennial weeds, woody brush and trees. It is formulated as a water-soluble liquid. It may be applied through most standard industrial or field sprayers after dilution and thorough mixing with water or other carriers according to label instructions.
Time to Symptoms: This product moves through the plant from the point of foliage contact to and into the root system. Visible effects are a gradual wilting and yellowing of the plant, which advances to complete browning of above ground growth and deterioration of underground plant parts. Effects are visible on most annual weeds within 2 to 4 days, but on most perennial weeds effects may not be visible for 7 days or more. Extremely cool or cloudy weather following treatment may slow activity of this product and delay development of visual symptoms.
Stage of Weeds: Annual weeds are easiest to control when they are small. Best control of most perennial weeds is obtained when treatment is made at late growth stages approaching maturity. Refer to the “ANNUAL WEEDS”, “PERENNIAL WEEDS” and “WOODY BRUSH AND TREES RATE SECTIONS” for specific weed recommendations.
Always use the higher product application rate within the recommended range when weed growth is heavy or dense or when weeds are growing in an undisturbed (non-cultivated) area.
Reduced weed control may result from treating weeds with disease or insect damage, weeds heavily covered with dust, or weeds under poor growing conditions.
Cultural Considerations: Reduced control may result when applications are made to annual or perennial weeds that have been mowed, grazed, or cut, and have not been allowed to regrow to the recommended stage for treatment.
Rainfastness: Heavy rainfall soon after application may wash this product off of the foliage and a repeat application may be required for adequate control.
Spray Coverage: For best results, spray coverage should be uniform and complete. Do not spray foliage to the point of run-off.
Mode of Action: The active ingredient in this product inhibits an enzyme found only in plants and microorganisms that is essential to the formation of specific amino acids.
No Soil Activity: Weeds must be emerged at the time of application to be controlled by this product. Weeds germinating from seed after application will not be controlled. Unemerged plants arising from unattached underground rhizomes or root stocks of perennials will not be affected by this herbicide and will continue to grow.
Biological Degradation: Degradation of this product is primarily a biological process carried out by soil microbes.
Annual Maximum Application Rates: The maximum application or use rates stated throughout this product’s labeling are given in units of volume (fluid ounces, pints, or quarts) of this product per acre. However, the maximum allowed application rates apply to this product combined with the use of any and all other herbicides containing the active ingredient glyphosate, whether applied separately or as tank mixtures, on a basis of total pounds of glyphosate (acid equivalents) per acre. If more than one glyphosate-containing product is applied to the same site within the same year, you must ensure that the total use of glyphosate does not exceed the maximum allowed. See the “INGREDIENTS” section of the label for necessary product information.
Except as otherwise specified in a crop section of the label, the combined total of all treatments must not exceed 8 quarts of this product (6 pounds of glyphosate acid) per acre per year. For applications in non-crop sites or in tree, vine, or shrub crops, the combined total of all treatments must not exceed 10.6 quarts of this product (8 pounds of glyphosate acid) per acre per year.
NOTE: Use of this product in any manner not consistent with the label may result in injury to persons, animals or crops, or have other unintended consequences.
WEED RESISTANCE MANAGEMENT
Glyphosate, the active ingredient in this product, is a Group 9 herbicide based on the mode of action classification system of the Weed Science Society of America. Any weed population may contain plants naturally resistant to Group 9 herbicides. Weed species resistant to Group 9 herbicides may be effectively managed utilizing another herbicide from a different Group or by using other cultural or mechanical practices.
General Weed Management Recommendations
To minimize the occurrence of glyphosate-resistant biotypes observe the following general weed management recommendations:
- Scout your fields before and after herbicide applications.
- Start with a clean field, using either a burndown herbicide application or tillage.
- Control weeds early when they are relatively small.
- Add other herbicides (e.g. a selective and/or a residual herbicide) and cultural practices (e.g. tillage or crop rotation) where appropriate.
- One method for adding other herbicides into a continuous Roundup Ready system is to rotate to other Roundup Ready crops.
- Utilize the recommended label rate for the most difficult to control weed in your field. Avoid tank-mixtures with other herbicides that reduce this product’s efficacy (through antagonism), or tank mixture recommendations that encourage application rates of this product below the label recommendations.
- Control weed escapes and prevent weeds from setting seeds.
- Clean equipment before moving from field to field to minimize the spread of weed seed or plant parts.
- Use new commercial seed that is as free of weed seed as possible.
- Report any incidence of repeated non-performance of this product on a particular weed to your Monsanto representative, local retailer, or county extension agent.
Management Recommendations For Glyphosate-Resistant Biotypes
NOTE: Appropriate testing is critical in order to determine if a weed is resistant to glyphosate. Call 1-800-ROUNDUP (1-800-768-6387) or contact your Monsanto representative to determine if resistance has been confirmed to any particular weed biotype in your area, or you can visit www.weedresistancemanagement.com or www.weedscience.org. For more information see the “ANNUAL WEEDS” and “PERENNIAL WEEDS RATE SECTIONS” of the label.
Control recommendations for biotypes confirmed as resistant to glyphosate are made available on separately published supplemental labeling or Fact Sheets for this product and can be obtained from your local retailer or Monsanto representative.
Since the occurrence of new glyphosate-resistant weeds cannot be determined until after product use and scientific confirmation, Monsanto Company is not responsible for any losses that may result from the failure of this product to control glyphosate-resistant weed biotypes.
The following good agronomic practices are recommended to reduce the spread of confirmed glyphosate-resistant biotypes:
- If a naturally occurring resistant biotype is present in your field, this product should be tank-mixed or applied sequentially with an appropriately labeled herbicide with a different mode of action to achieve control.
- Cultural and mechanical control practices (e.g. crop rotation or tillage) may also be used as appropriate.
- One method for adding other herbicides into a continuous Roundup Ready system is to rotate to other Roundup Ready crops.
- Scout treated fields after herbicide applications and control escaping weeds including resistant biotypes before they set seed.
- Thoroughly clean equipment before leaving fields known to contain resistant biotypes.
APPLICATION EQUIPMENT AND TECHNIQUES
Do not apply this product through any type of irrigation system. This product may be applied with the following application equipment:
Aerial—Fixed wing and helicopter.
Ground Broadcast Spray—Boom or boomless systems, pull-type sprayers, floaters, pick-up sprayers, spray coupes and other ground broadcast equipment.
Hand-Held or Backpack Spray Equipment—Backpack sprayers, pump-up pressure sprayers, handguns, handwands, mistblowers*, lances and other hand-held and motorized spray equipment used to direct the spray onto weed foliage.
*This product is not registered in California or Arizona for use in mistblowers.
Selective Equipment—Shielded and hooded sprayers, wiper applicators and sponge bars.
Injection Systems—Aerial or ground injection sprayers.
Controlled Droplet Applicator (CDA)—Hand-held or boom-mounted applicators that produce a spray consisting of a narrow range of droplet sizes.
APPLY THESE SPRAY SOLUTIONS IN PROPERLY MAINTAINED AND CALIBRATED EQUIPMENT CAPABLE OF DELIVERING THE DESIRED VOLUMES.
DO NOT APPLY THIS PRODUCT USING AERIAL SPRAY EQUIPMENT EXCEPT UNDER CONDITIONS SPECIFIED IN THE LABEL.
All labeled treatments may be made by aerial equipment where appropriate, provided that the applicator complies with the precautions and restrictions specified on this product’s labeling. Use the recommended rates of this herbicide in 3 to 15 gallons of water per acre unless otherwise specified on the label. Unless otherwise specified, do not exceed 2 quart per acre. Refer to the individual use area sections of the label for further instructions.
FOR AERIAL APPLICATION IN ARKANSAS OR CALIFORNIA, OR SPECIFIC COUNTIES THEREIN, REFER TO THE FEDERAL SUPPLEMENTAL LABEL FOR AERIAL APPLICATIONS IN THAT STATE OR COUNTY FOR SPECIFIC INSTRUCTIONS, RESTRICTIONS AND REQUIREMENTS.
This product, when tank mixed with dicamba, may not be applied by air in California.
Ensure uniform application—to avoid streaked, uneven or overlapped application, use appropriate marking devices.
Ground Broadcast Equipment
Apply the product rates recommended in the label in 3 to 40 gallons of water per acre as a broadcast spray unless otherwise specified. As density of weeds increases, spray volume should be increased within the recommended range to ensure complete coverage. Carefully select proper nozzles to avoid generating a fine mist. For best results with ground application equipment, use flat spray nozzles. Check spray pattern for uniform distribution.
Hand-Held or Backpack Equipment
Apply to foliage of vegetation to be controlled on a spray-to-wet basis; do not spray to the point of run-off. Spray coverage should be uniform and complete. Use coarse sprays only. For recommended rates and timing, refer to the “ANNUAL WEEDS—HAND-HELD OR BACKPACK EQUIPMENT” section of this product label.
This product may be diluted in water and applied through shielded sprayers, hooded sprayers, wiper applicators or sponge bars to weeds growing in any non-crop site specified on the label.
In cropping systems, hooded sprayers, shielded sprayers, and wipers may be used in row middles (in between rows of crop plants), and wipers may be used over the top of crops only when specifically recommended in this product’s labeling. Such equipment must be capable of preventing all crop contact with the herbicide solutions and operated without leakage of spray mists or dripping onto crop.
AVOID CONTACT OF HERBICIDE WITH DESIRABLE VEGETATION.
Contact of this product with desirable vegetation may result in unwanted plant damage or destruction. Crop injury may occur when the foliage of treated weeds comes into contact with leaves of the crop. Do not apply this product when crop leaves are growing in direct contact with weeds to be treated. Droplets, mist, foam or splatter of the herbicide solution settling onto desirable vegetation may result in discoloration, stunting or destruction.
Better results may be obtained when more of the weed is exposed to the herbicide solution. Weeds not contacted by the herbicide solution will not be affected. This may occur in dense clumps, severe infestations or when the height of the weeds varies so that not all weeds are contacted. In these instances, repeat treatment may be necessary.
Shielded and Hooded Sprayers
This product, when applied at recommended rates under the conditions described in the following paragraphs for shielded and hooded sprayers, will control those weeds listed in the “ANNUAL WEEDS RATE SECTION” and “PERENNIAL WEEDS RATE SECTION” of the label. A hooded sprayer is a type of shielded applicator where the spray pattern is fully enclosed including top, sides, front and back, thereby shielding the crop from the spray solution. Adjust the shields on these sprayers to protect desirable vegetation. When applying to crops grown on raised beds, ensure that the hood is capable of completely enclosing the spray pattern. If necessary, extend the front and rear flaps of the hooded applicator downward to reach the ground in deep furrows. EXTREME CARE MUST BE TAKEN TO AVOID CONTACT OF HERBICIDE WITH DESIRABLE VEGETATION.
This equipment must be configured and operated in a manner that minimizes bouncing and avoids raising the hoods up off the ground at any time. If the hood is raised, spray particles may escape and come into contact with the crop, causing damage or destruction of the crop. Avoid operating this equipment on rough or sloping terrain where the spray hoods might be raised up off the ground surface.
Use hoods designed to minimize excessive dripping or run-off down the insides of the hoods. A single, low pressure, low-drift, flat-fan nozzle with an 80 to 95 degree spray angle positioned at the top center of the hood is recommended. Spray volume should be 20 to 30 gallons per acre.
These procedures will reduce the potential for crop injury:
- Spray hoods must be operated on the ground or skimming across the ground surface.
- Leave at least an 8-inch untreated strip over the drill row. (For example, if the crop row width is 38 inches, the maximum width of the spray hood should be 30 inches.)
- Operate at ground speeds of no greater than 5 miles per hour to avoid bouncing of the spray hoods.
- Apply when wind speeds are 10 miles per hour or less.
- Use low-drift nozzles that provide uniform coverage within the treated area. Crop injury may occur when foliage of treated weeds comes into direct contact with leaves of the crop. Do not apply this product when leaves of the crop are growing in direct contact with weeds to be treated. Droplets, mist, foam or splatter of the herbicide solution settling onto desirable vegetation may result in discoloration, stunting or destruction.
Wiper applicators are devices that physically wipe appropriate amounts of this product directly onto the weed. Equipment must be designed, maintained and operated to prevent the herbicide solution from contacting desirable vegetation.
Application equipment used over the top of desirable vegetation should be adjusted so that the wiper contact point is at least 2 inches above the desirable vegetation. Better results may be obtained when more of the weed is exposed to the herbicide solution. Weeds should be a minimum of 6 inches above the desirable vegetation. Adjust height of applicator to ensure adequate contact with weeds. Weeds not contacted by the herbicide solution will not be affected. Poor contact may occur when weeds are growing in dense clumps, in severe weed infestations or when weed height varies dramatically. In these instances, repeat treatments may be necessary.
Operate this equipment at ground speeds no greater than 5 miles per hour. Performance may be improved by reducing speed in areas of heavy weed infestations to provide adequate wiper saturation with the herbicide solution. Better results may be obtained when two applications are made in opposite directions.
Droplets, mist, foam or splatter of the herbicide solution settling onto desirable vegetation may result in discoloration, stunting or destruction. Avoid leakage or dripping onto desirable vegetation. Keep wiping surfaces clean. Be aware that on sloping ground the herbicide solution may migrate, causing dripping on the lower end and drying of the wicks on the upper end of the wiper applicator.
Do not use wiper equipment when weeds are wet.
Mix only the amount of this product to be used during a 1-day period, as reduced product performance may result from use of solutions held in storage. Clean wiper parts immediately after using this product by thoroughly flushing with water.
Do not add surfactant to the herbicide solution.
For Rope or Sponge Wick Applicators: Use solutions ranging from 33 to 75 percent of this product in water.
For Panel Applicators: Use solutions ranging from 33 to 100 percent of this product in water.
This product may be used in aerial or ground injection spray systems. It may be used as a liquid concentrate or diluted prior to injecting into the spray stream. Do not mix this product with the concentrate of other products for use in injection systems.
The rate of this product applied per acre by vehicle-mounted controlled droplet applicator (CDA) equipment must not be less than the amount recommended in the label when applied by conventional broadcast equipment. For vehicle-mounted CDA equipment, apply in 2 to 15 gallons of water per acre.
For control of annual weeds with hand-held CDA units, apply a 20 percent solution of this product at a flow rate of 2 fluid ounces per minute and a walking speed of 1.5 miles per hour (1 quart per acre). For the control of perennial weeds, apply a 20 to 40 percent solution of this product at a flow rate of 2 fluid ounces per minute and a walking speed of 0.75 miles per hour (2 to 4 quarts per acre).
Controlled droplet applicators produce a spray pattern that is not easily visible. Extreme care must be taken to avoid spray or drift onto the foliage or any other green tissue of desirable vegetation, as damage or destruction of the plant may result.
ANNUAL AND PERENNIAL CROPS
TYPES OF APPLICATIONS: Chemical Fallow, Preplant Fallow Beds, Preplant, At-Planting, Preemergence, Hooded Sprayers in Row-Middles, Shielded Sprayers in Row-Middles, Wiper Application in Row-Middles, Post-Harvest.
GENERAL USE INSTRUCTIONS: Apply this product during fallow intervals preceding planting, prior to planting or transplanting, at-planting, or preemergence to annual and perennial crops listed in the label, except where specifically limited. For any crop not listed in the label, applications must be made at least 30 days prior to planting. Unless otherwise specified, weed control applications may be made according to the rates listed in the “ANNUAL WEEDS”, “PERENNIAL WEEDS”, and “WOODY BRUSH AND TREES RATE SECTIONS” in the label. Recommended rates of this product that are emphasized in this product’s labeling to control tough weeds take precedence over the general rates in the “ANNUAL WEEDS” and “PERENNIAL WEEDS RATE SECTIONS”. Repeat applications may be made up to a maximum of 8 quarts of this product per acre per year.
Post-directed hooded sprayers and wiper applicators capable of preventing all crop contact with herbicide solutions may be used in mulched or unmulched row-middles after crop establishment. Where specifically noted in the individual crop sections that follow, wipers may also be used above certain crops to control tall weeds. Refer to the “SELECTIVE EQUIPMENT” section of the label for essential precautions regarding crop injury. Crop injury is possible with these applications and shall be the sole responsibility of the applicator.
All labeled treatments may be made by aerial equipment where appropriate, provided that the applicator complies with the precautions and restrictions specified in this product’s labeling. Refer to the “AERIAL EQUIPMENT” section of the label for additional information.
GENERAL PRECAUTIONS, RESTRICTIONS: Avoid contact of this herbicide with foliage, green shoots or stems, bark, exposed roots (including those emerging from plastic mulch), or fruit of crops as severe crop injury or destruction may result. When making at-planting and preemergence applications, applications must be made before crop emergence to avoid severe crop injury. Broadcast applications made at emergence will result in injury or death of emerged seedlings. Apply before seed germination in coarse sandy soils to further minimize the risk of injury. Unless otherwise specified in this product’s labeling, treatments with selective equipment including wipers and hooded sprayers must be made at least 14 days prior to harvest. Post-harvest or fallow applications must be made at least 30 days prior to planting any crops not listed on the label. See “APPLICATION EQUIPMENT AND TECHNIQUES” section of the label for additional information.
In crops where spot treatments are allowed, do not treat more than 10 percent of the total field to be harvested. Crop sprayed in treated area will be killed. Take care not to spray or allow spray to drift outside the target area in order to avoid unwanted crop destruction.
For broadcast postemergence treatments, do not harvest or feed treated vegetation for 8 weeks following application, unless otherwise specified.
Refer to the Supplemental Label for the Aerial Application in the State of Arkansas.
NON-FOOD TREE, SHRUB, OR VINE PRODUCTION SITES
This product may be used for general weed control prior to planting or around established ornamentals, or any woody tree, shrub, or vine species, including arborvitae, azalea, boxwood, crabapple, eucalyptus, euonymus, fir, Douglas fir, jojoba, hollies, lilac, magnolia, maple, oak, poplar, privet, pine, spruce or yew, in any production site.
PRECAUTIONS, RESTRICTIONS: UNLESS OTHERWISE DIRECTED, THIS PRODUCT IS NOT RECOMMENDED FOR USE AS AN OVER-THE-TOP BROADCAST SPRAY IN ORNAMENTALS AND CHRISTMAS TREES. Care must be taken to avoid contact of spray, drift or mist with foliage or green bark of desirable species.
This product may be used to control weeds growing in and around greenhouses and shadehouses. Desirable vegetation must not be present during application and air circulation fans must be turned off.
This product may be used prior to planting any tree, shrub, or vine in an ornamental, nursery, or production setting, including Christmas tree species.
This product may be used as a post-directed spray around established woody species, or to trim and edge around trees, buildings, sidewalks and roads, potted plants and other objects in a production setting.
Desirable plants may be protected from the spray solution by using shields or coverings made of cardboard or other impermeable material.
This product may be used through wick or other suitable wiper applicators to control or partially control undesirable vegetation around established trees, shrubs, or vines. See the “SELECTIVE EQUIPMENT” section of the label for further information about the proper use of wiper applicators.
When water carrier volumes are between 16 and 40 gallons per acre for ground applications
and between 6 and 15 gallons per acre for aerial applications, the following use
rates will control the annual weeds listed in the table below:
-1 quart per acre—grass and broadleaf annual weeds less than 6 inches in height or circumference and vines less than 3 inches in length.
-3 pints per acre—grass and broadleaf annual weeds 6 to 12 inches in height or circumference and vines 3 to 6 inches in length.
-2 quarts per acre—grass and broadleaf annual weeds greater than 12 inches in height or circumference and vines greater than 6 inches in length.
WHEN WATER CARRIER VOLUMES ARE BETWEEN 3 AND 15 GALLONS PER ACRE FOR GROUND APPLICATIONS AND BETWEEN 3 AND 5 GALLONS PER ACRE FOR AERIAL APPLICATIONS, USE THE RATES SPECIFIED FOR INDIVIDUAL WEEDS AS FOLLOW IN THE “ANNUAL WEEDS RATE TABLE (Alphabetically by Species)”.
Apply to actively growing annual weeds. Annual weeds are generally easiest to control when they are small.
Older, mature (hardened) annual weed species may require higher rates even if they meet the size requirements.
Maximum size refers to the maximum plant height, length of runners for vines, or circumference of rosette plants in inches.
Do not tank mix with soil residual herbicides when using these rates unless otherwise specified.
For weeds that have been mowed, grazed or cut, allow regrowth to occur prior to treatment.
This product may be used up to 64 fluid ounces per acre where heavy weed densities exist.
Annual Weeds—Hand-Held or Backpack Equipment
For control of weeds listed in the “ANNUAL WEEDS RATE TABLE” above, apply a 0.5-percent solution of this product to weeds less than 6 inches in height or runner length. Apply prior to seedhead formation in grass or bud formation in broadleaf weeds. For annual weeds over 6 inches tall, or unless otherwise specified, use a 1-percent solution.
For best results, use a 2-percent solution on harder-to-control perennials, such as Bermudagrass, dock, field bindweed, hemp dogbane, milkweed and Canada thistle.
When using application methods that result in less than complete coverage, use a 5-percent solution for annual and perennial weeds and a 5- to 10-percent solution for woody brush and trees.
- Brome, downy: For control of downy brome in no-till systems, use 24 fluid ounces per acre.
- Brome, downy; Cheat; Wheat; Rye, volunteer/cereal: Performance is better if application is made before this weed reaches the boot stage of growth.
- Buckwheat, wild: Use 24 fluid ounces per acre of this product to control wild buckwheat in the cotyledon to 2-leaf stage. Use 32 fluid ounces per acre to control 2- to 4-leaf wild buckwheat. For improved control of wild buckwheat over 2 inches in size, use sequential treatments of 32 fluid ounces followed by 32 fluid ounces of this product per acre.
- Kochia: Do not treat kochia in the button stage.
- Thistle, Russian: Control of Russian thistle may vary based on environmental conditions and spray coverage.
Whenever possible, a tank mixture with 2,4-D as described below may improve
- Horseweed/Marestail; Pigweed, Palmer; Pigweed species; Ragweed, common; Ragweed, giant; Ryegrass species; Waterhemp: A glyphosate-resistant biotype has been confirmed. For additional information, refer to the “WEED RESISTANCE MANAGEMENT” section of the label. You may also visit on the Internet www.weedscience.org or www.weedresistancemanagement.com, or contact your Monsanto representative.
- Refer to the label for the specific rate for each weed species.