SILVERY THREAD MOSS CONTROL - BURNDOWN

General Information

GENERAL INFORMATION

QuickSilver T&O Herbicide is a contact herbicide with little or no residual activity that provides selective postemergence control of broadleaf weeds and silvery thread moss (Bryum argenteum) in turfgrass. The active ingredient of QuickSilver T&O Herbicide is carfentrazone-ethyl. It is an aryl triazolinone herbicide, which interrupts chlorophyll synthesis and produces metabolic byproducts that disrupt plant cell membranes.

This process only occurs in susceptible green plants in the presence of light. QuickSilver T&O Herbicide rapidly penetrates into the plant cells and symptoms may be apparent on foliage of susceptible weeds in 24 hours or less. Complete desiccation and death occurs within 7 to 14 days of application. QuickSilver T&O Herbicide is rainfast within one hour after application.

This product is most effective when applied to actively growing winter and summer annual seedlings. It also increases the speed of kill and expands the spectrum of control of mature and perennial broadleaf weeds (See \"Weeds Controlled\" section of the label) when applied in a tank mixture with other postemergence herbicides.

Extremes in environmental conditions e.g. excessively high or low moisture or temperature may affect the activity of this product. Under warm, moist conditions appearance of herbicide symptoms may be accelerated while under very dry or cool conditions the expression of herbicidal symptoms is delayed. However, this product remains highly effective under both cool and warm environmental conditions. Weeds hardened by drought and/or extremely high temperatures are less susceptible to this product and the higher rates in the range are recommended under those conditions.

General Use Precautions

Avoid spray drift onto non-target susceptible plants such as vegetables, flowers, ornamentals, trees, shrubs and other desirable plants. Do not apply this product to carpetgrass, dichondra, nor on lawns or turf where desirable clovers are present.

Do not apply when conditions are conducive to spray drift or poor spray coverage.

Do not apply more than 6.7 fluid ounces of product (0.10 lbs. a.i.of carfentrazone- ethyl) per acre per application or more than 0.40 lbs. a.i. of carfentrazone-ethyl per acre per season. The minimum retreatment interval for sequential broadcast applications of this product is two (2) weeks.

Do not apply this product by aerial application.

Do not apply this product through any type of irrigation system.

Turfgrass and Sites

QuickSilver T&O Herbicide is intended to be applied by lawn care operators, maintenance applicators, and service technicians for use in ornamental lawns and turfgrass, as well as stone-covered yards established in institutional, ornamental, and residential/domestic sites. Institutional sites are defined as turf areas and stone-covered yards around properties or facilities providing a service to public or private organizations

including, but not limited to hospitals, nursing homes, schools, museums, libraries, sports facilities, golf courses, and office buildings. Ornamental sites include turfgrass and stone-covered yards established around residences, parks, streets, retail outlets, cemeteries, industrial buildings and institutional buildings. Residential/domestic sites are defined as areas associated with household or home life including, but not limited to apartment complexes, condominiums, and patient care areas of nursing homes, mental institutions, hospitals, or convalescent homes.

Turfgrass Tolerance

Turfgrasses tolerant to application of QuickSilver T&O Herbicide are listed below. FMC does not recommend application to turfgrasses not listed.

Cool Season Grasses (creeping bentgrass, colonial bentgrass, annual bluegrass, Kentucky bluegrass, fine fescues, red fescues, tall fescue, perennial ryegrass) Established cool season grasses are generally tolerant to applications of QuickSilver T&O Herbicide at labeled rates. Tall fescue may exhibit a slight yellowing discoloration occurring within 3 to 5 days after application under some conditions. Recovery typically occurs within 4 to 7 days. If such injury or any injury cannot be tolerated, apply to a small

test area before treating large areas to assure tolerance of the host turf species. Be aware of and observe all label restrictions regarding turf tolerance of companion products when QuickSilver T&O Herbicide is tank mixed with another product.

Warm Season Grasses (common and hybrid bermudagrass, bahiagrass, buffalograss, centipedegrass, seashore paspalum, St. Augustine grass, zoysiagrass) Established warm season grasses listed above are generally tolerant to applications of QuickSilver T&O Herbicide but may be susceptible to transitory yellowing when they are under stress. Stress is typically associated with but not limited to extreme high or low temperatures, Disease infection or insect infestation, extreme high or low moisture conditions, or transition into or out of dormancy.

Under such conditions injury in the form of transitory yellowing discoloration may occur within 3 to 7 days of application. If such injury or any injury cannot be tolerated, apply QuickSilver T&O Herbicide in the manner you will be using it to a small test area before treating large areas to assure tolerance of the turf.

Be aware of and observe all label restrictions regarding turfgrass tolerance of companion products when QuickSilver T&O Herbicide is tank mixed with another product.

Newly Seeded , Sodded or Sprigged Turfgrass

QuickSilver T&O Herbicide can be applied to the following species of turfgrass at 7 days or more after emergence for species established by both seeding and sprigging: hybrid bermudagrass, common bermudagrass, St. Augustine, creeping bentgrass, tall fescue, perennial ryegrass and Kentucky bluegrass. Application to zoysiagrass should be delayed until at least 14 days after emergence to avoid extended discoloration.

Slight discoloration may be observed immediately after application for hybrid bermudagrass, however, normal turf color returns by 12 days after emergence if no other stresses are present. Areas treated with QuickSilver T&O Herbicide may be seeded or overseeded one day following application.

Dormant Turf

Applications to dormant warm-season grasses are permitted. Avoid applications when warm-season grasses are transitioning into or out of dormancy.

Mixing Instructions

QuickSilver T&O Herbicide is an aqueous base emulsion containing 1.9 pounds active ingredient per gallon and is intended for dilution with water.

Fill the spray tank 3/4 full with clean water or diluent. Make sure the agitation system is operating. Add the recommended amount of QuickSilver T&O Herbicide and complete filling the spray tank to the desired level. The mechanical or bypass agitation must be sufficient to ensure uniform spray mixture during application.

Application Directions

Spray coverage

QuickSilver T&O Herbicide is a contact herbicide with little or no residual activity. It produces herbicidal symptoms only in the portions of the target weeds with which it comes into direct contact. Therefore, to achieve maximum effectiveness of this product, select a spray volume and nozzle system that ensures thorough and uniform coverage and at the same time minimizes the spray fines. Spray droplets larger than 400 microns may reduce coverage and result in loss of weed control. Applications should be made using spray volumes of 20-175 gallons per acre (0.5 to 4.0 gallons per 1000 sq.ft.). Use higher spray volumes when there is a dense weed population or turfgrass canopy or where uniform coverage is difficult to obtain.

Spot Treatments (Applications with hand operated sprayers such as backpack sprayers, compression sprayers, knapsack sprayers) For spot treating weeds, other than moss, with hand-held or backpack sprayers mix 0.030 fluid ounces (0.9 milliliters) of this product in one to two gallons of water to treat 1000 square feet. Refer to Category 2 in the Weeds Controlled section to determine the appropriate rates for control of silvery thread moss. To avoid overdosing when using a handheld wand, use a flat fan nozzle and maintain the nozzle at a uniform recommended height over the canopy. Avoid back-and-forth and sideto-side motion with the wand. Hold the wand stationary and move forward at a uniform pace over the area to be treated.

Limitations, Restrictions, and Exceptions

SILVERY THREAD MOSS CONTROL - BURNDOWN

QuickSilver T&O Herbicide can be used to selectively control weeds including silvery thread moss anytime during the year except as instructed elsewhere in the label. Application rates for control of weeds other than silvery thread moss range from 0.9 to 2.1 fluid ounces per acre as described. Use the lower rates in a range for susceptible weed species and for optimal environmental conditions. Use the higher rates in the range for dense infestations of perennial weeds, and for adverse/extreme environmental conditions.

QuickSilver T&O Herbicide may be used for burndown and control of silvery thread moss (Bryum argenteum) occurring on golf course greens and tees consisting of bentgrass. To control silvery thread moss, apply QuickSilver T&O Herbicide at a rate 6.7 fluid ounces of product per acre (0.154 fluid ounces per 1000 square feet) followed by a second application in two weeks at a rate of 6.7 fluid ounces/acre.

Control over longer periods: If necessary, applications may be repeated every two weeks at a rate that is no less than 2.0 fluid ounces per acre (0.046 fluid ounces per 1,000 square feet) and no more than 6.7 fluid ounces/acre to control moss that has reestablished, as long as the annual maximum rate of 0.40 lb a.i./acre per year is not exceeded.

Use a non-ionic surfactant in the spray mix at a rate of 0.25% volume/ volume. Follow all adjuvant manufacturers use guidelines.

Do not tank mix with other pesticides for silvery thread moss control. Application to bentgrass turf that is under stress due to extreme high (>90ºF) or low temperatures, disease infection, insect infestation or extreme high or low moisture conditions may cause transitory yellowing.Poa annua may be damaged at rates greater than 2.0 fluid ounces per acre.

Most creeping bentgrass varieties are tolerant to QuickSilver T&O Herbicide applications; however, not all varieties of creeping bentgrass have been fully evaluated. When applying QuickSilver T&O Herbicide to creeping bentgrass varieties other than Penncross or Crenshaw, it is recommended to first confirm tolerance by making an application to a small test area.

Cultural practices that favor the establishment of healthy bentgrass will also help to displace moss that is suppressed by the QuickSilver T&O Herbicide treatment.